Voiceless uvular trill

Voiceless uvular trill
ʀ̥
IPA Number123 402A
Encoding
X-SAMPAR\_0
Audio sample

The voiceless uvular trill is less common than its voiced counterpart.

Features[edit]

Features of the voiceless uvular trill:

  • Its manner of articulation is trill, which means it is produced by directing air over an articulator so that it vibrates.
  • Its place of articulation is uvular, which means it is articulated with the back of the tongue (the dorsum) at the uvula.
  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords. In some languages the vocal cords are actively separated, so it is always voiceless; in others the cords are lax, so that it may take on the voicing of adjacent sounds.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Baïnounk Gubëeher Some speakers[1] [example needed] Word-final allophone of /r/.
Dutch Belgian[2] door [doːʀ̥] 'through' Allophone of /r/ before voiceless consonants and word-finally for speakers with an uvular /r/.[2] Realization of /r/ varies considerably among dialects. See Dutch phonology
French Belgian[3] triste [t̪ʀ̥is̪t̪œ] 'sad' Allophone of /r/ after voiceless consonants; can be a fricative [χ] instead.[3] See French phonology
German Standard[4] treten [ˈtʀ̥eːtn̩] 'to step' Possible allophone of /r/ after voiceless consonants for speakers that realize /r/ as a uvular trill [ʀ].[4] See Standard German phonology
Chemnitz dialect[5] Rock [ʀ̥ɔkʰ] 'skirt' In free variation with [ʁ̞], [ʁ], [χ] and [q]. Doesn't occur in the coda.[5]
Limburgish Hasselt dialect[6] geer [ɣeːʀ̥] 'odour' Possible word-final allophone of /r/; may be alveolar [] instead.[7]
Spanish Ponce dialect[8] perro [ˈpe̞ʀ̥o̞] 'dog' This and [χ] are the primary realizations of /r/ in this dialect.[8] See Spanish phonology

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cobbinah (2013), p. 166.
  2. ^ a b Verhoeven (2005), p. 245.
  3. ^ a b Demolin (2001), pp. 65, 67-68, 70-71.
  4. ^ a b Krech et al. (2009), p. 86.
  5. ^ a b Khan & Weise (2013), p. 235.
  6. ^ Peters (2006).
  7. ^ While Peters (2006) does not state that explicitly, he uses the symbol ⟨⟩ for many instances of the word-final /r/.
  8. ^ a b "ProQuest Document View - The Spanish of Ponce, Puerto Rico: A phonetic, phonological, and intonational analysis".

References[edit]