Voiced velar lateral approximant

Velar lateral approximant
ʟ
IPA Number158
Encoding
Entity (decimal)ʟ
Unicode (hex)U+029F
X-SAMPAL\
Braille⠔ (braille pattern dots-35)⠇ (braille pattern dots-123)
Audio sample

The voiced velar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in a very small number[1] of spoken languages in the world. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ʟ⟩ (since 1989) and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is L\.

The velar laterals of the world often involve a prestopped realization [ɡ͡ʟ].[2]

Features[edit]

Features of the velar lateral approximant:

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
English Some dialects[3][clarification needed] milk About this sound[mɪʟk]  'milk' May occur before velar and labial consonants. See English phonology
Hiw[4] evov [ɡ͡ʟəβɡ͡ʟɔβ] 'evening' Realized as prestopped [ɡ͡ʟ].
Korean 달구지 / dalguji [tɐʟɡud͡ʑi] 'cart' When the final consonant ⟨ㄹ⟩[ɭ] is followed by ⟨ㄱ⟩[ɡ], ⟨ㅋ⟩[kʰ], and ⟨ㄲ⟩[k͈], appears. See Korean phonology.
Melpa[5] paa [paʟa] 'fence'
Mid-Wahgi[3] aglagle [aʟaʟe] 'dizzy'

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]