Võro Institute

Võro Institute building in 2011.

The Võro Institute (Võro: Võro Instituut) is an Estonian state research and development institution dedicated to the preservation and promotion of the Võro language and culture.

History[edit]

Võro (Võro: võro kiil' [ˈvɤro kʲiːlʲ], Estonian: võru keel)[1][2] is a language[3][4] belonging to the Finnic branch of the Uralic languages.[5] Traditionally, it has been considered a dialect of the South Estonian dialect group of the Estonian language, but nowadays it has its own literary language[6] and is in search of official recognition as an autochthonous regional language of Estonia.[7][8] Võro has roughly 75,000 speakers (Võros) mostly in southeastern Estonia, in the eight parishes of the historical Võru County: Karula, Harglõ, Urvastõ, Rõugõ, Kanepi, Põlva, Räpinä and Vahtsõliina. These parishes are currently centred (due to redistricting) in Võru and Põlva counties, with parts extending into Valga and Tartu counties. Speakers can also be found in the towns of Tallinn and Tartu and the rest of Estonia.[9][10][11]

The institute was founded by the Estonian government in 1995 and is located in the Southern Estonian town of Võru. The directors of the institute have been Enn Kasak, Kaido Kama and Külli Eichenbaum. The present director of the institute is Rainer Kuuba.[12] Researchers at the institute include the toponymist Evar Saar and the lexicographer Sulev Iva.

Activities[edit]

The institute is engaged in a wide range of activities to meet the challenges facing lesser-spoken languages, including establishing school programs, conducting linguistic and regional research, preserving place-names and their corresponding stories (mostly by Evar Saar), publishing Võro-language scholarship and school textbooks, and organizing annual language conferences. The aim of these activities is to encourage the Võro people to speak their own language and to preserve their characteristic life-style.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Recent Events". Iub.edu. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
  2. ^ "Päring LINGUAE andmebaasist. Keelte nimetused". Eki.ee. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
  3. ^ "ISO 639 code sets". Sil.org. 2009-01-16. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
  4. ^ "Ethnologue: Languages of the World". SIL International. 2015. Retrieved 2015-12-09.
  5. ^ "Endangered languages in Europe and North Asia". Helsinki.fi. 1980-09-13. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
  6. ^ Sulev Iva, Phd at Tartu University, (English summary pp 144–146). "Võru kirjakeele sõnamuutmissüsteem (Inflectional Morphology in the Võro Literary Language)" (PDF). Dspace.utlib.ee.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ Koreinik, Kadri (2012). "Maintenance of South Estonian Varieties: A Focus on Institutions" (PDF). Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe. Retrieved 2015-12-09.
  8. ^ Meiorg, Marianne (2012). "Legal and Institutional Framework Analysis: Seto and Võro languages". Working Papers in European Language Diversity 19. Retrieved 2015-12-09.
  9. ^ "Võro Instituut » Welcome!". Wi.ee. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
  10. ^ "Võro Instituut » Võro language". Wi.ee. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
  11. ^ "Võro language and alphabet". Omniglot.com. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
  12. ^ "Smoke sauna tradition in Võrumaa added to UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List". eer.ee. 27 November 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 57°50′44″N 26°59′32″E / 57.845482°N 26.992319°E / 57.845482; 26.992319