|Native to||United States|
|Region||Alaska (middle Yukon River, Koyukuk River)|
|Ethnicity||160 Upper Kuskokwim (2007)|
|Latin (Northern Athabaskan alphabet)|
Official language in
The Upper Kuskokwim language (also called Kolchan or Goltsan or Dinak'i) is an Athabaskan language of the Na-Dené language family. It is spoken by the Upper Kuskokwim people in the Upper Kuskokwim River villages of Nikolai, Telida, and McGrath, Alaska. About 40 of a total of 160 Upper Kuskokwim people (Dichinanek’ Hwt’ana) still speak the language.
A practical orthography of the language was established by Raymond Collins, who in 1964 began linguistic work at Nikolai.
- Alaska Native Language Center. Retrieved on 2007-03-14.
- Collins, Raymond and Sally Jo Collins. 2004. Dichinanek' Hwt'ana: A History of the people of the Upper Kuskokwim who live in Nikolai and Telida, Alaska. (Online: Alaska Native Language Archive item UK964C2004)
- Upper Kuskokwim at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Upper Kuskokwim". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Upper Kuskokwim Language and Culture Preservation (website in development)
- Dinak'i | Upper Kuskokwim Dictionary iOS app
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