United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs

The United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs of the United States House of Representatives, also known as the House Foreign Affairs Committee, is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives, which has jurisdiction over bills and investigations related to the foreign affairs of the United States.

Eliot Engel of New York is the Chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee and has served since January 2019.

From 1975 to 1978[1] and from 1995 to 2007, it was renamed the Committee on International Relations. In January 2007 (and January 1979), it changed back to its original name. Its jurisdiction is and was the same under both names.

Members, 116th Congress[edit]

Majority Minority

Sources: H.Res. 24 (Chair), H.Res. 25 (Ranking Member), H.Res. 57 (D), H.Res. 68 (R)

Historical membership rosters[edit]

115th Congress[edit]

Majority Minority

Sources: H.Res. 6 (Chair), H.Res. 7 (Ranking Member), H.Res. 45 (D), H.Res. 51 (R) and H.Res. 52 (D)[2]


Subcommittee Chair Ranking Member
Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations Karen Bass (D-CA) Chris Smith (R-NJ)
Asia, the Pacific and Nonproliferation Brad Sherman (D-CA) Ted Yoho (R-FL)
Europe, Eurasia, Energy, and the Environment Bill Keating (D-MA) Adam Kinzinger (R-IL)
Middle East, North Africa and International Terrorism Ted Deutch (D-FL) Joe Wilson (R-SC)
Oversight and Investigations Ami Bera (D-CA) Lee Zeldin (R-NY)
Western Hemisphere, Civilian Security, and Trade Albio Sires (D-NJ) Francis Rooney (R-FL)

List of chairmen[edit]

Data from the Committee's official website:[3]

Chairman Party Dates of Service Home State
Jonathan Russell Democratic-Republican 1821–1823 Massachusetts
John Forsyth Democratic-Republican 1823–1827 Georgia
Edward Everett National Republican 1827–1829 Massachusetts
William S. Archer Democratic 1829–1834 Virginia
James Moore Wayne Democratic 1834–1835 Georgia
John Young Mason Democratic 1835 Virginia
Benjamin Chew Howard Democratic 1835–1839 Maryland
Francis Wilkinson Pickens Democratic 1839–1841 South Carolina
Caleb Cushing Democratic 1841–1842 Massachusetts
John Quincy Adams Whig 1842–1843 Massachusetts
Charles Jared Ingersoll Democratic 1843–1847 Pennsylvania
Truman Smith Whig 1847–1849 Connecticut
John Alexander McClernand Democratic 1849–1851 Illinois
Thomas Henry Bayly Democratic 1851–1855 Virginia
Alexander C. M. Pennington Opposition 1855–1857 New Jersey
Thomas Lanier Clingman Democratic 1857–1858 North Carolina
George Washington Hopkins Democratic 1858–1859 Virginia
Thomas Corwin Republican 1859–1861 Ohio
John J. Crittenden Unionist 1861–1863 Kentucky
Henry Winter Davis Unionist 1863–1865 Maryland
Nathaniel P. Banks Republican 1865–1872 Massachusetts
Leonard Myers Republican 1872–1873 Pennsylvania
Godlove Stein Orth Republican 1873–1875 Indiana
Thomas Swann Democratic 1875–1879 Maryland
Samuel S. Cox Democratic 1879–1881 New York
Charles G. Williams Republican 1881–1883 Wisconsin
Andrew Gregg Curtin Democratic 1883–1885 Pennsylvania
Perry Belmont Democratic 1885–1888 New York
James B. McCreary Democratic 1888–1889 Kentucky
Robert R. Hitt Republican 1889–1891 Illinois
James Henderson Blount Democratic 1891–1893 Georgia
James B. McCreary Democratic 1893–1895 Kentucky
Robert R. Hitt Republican 1895–1906 Illinois
Robert G. Cousins Republican 1907–1909 Iowa
James Breck Perkins Republican 1909–1910 New York
David J. Foster Republican 1910–1911 Vermont
William Sulzer Democratic 1911–1912 New York
Charles Bennett Smith Democratic 1912–1913 New York
Henry D. Flood Democratic 1913–1919 Virginia
Stephen G. Porter Republican 1919–1930 Pennsylvania
Henry Wilson Temple Republican 1930–1931 Pennsylvania
John Charles Linthicum Democratic 1931–1932 Maryland
Sam D. McReynolds Democratic 1932–1939 Tennessee
Sol Bloom Democratic 1939–1947 New York
Charles A. Eaton Republican 1947–1949 New Jersey
Sol Bloom Democratic 1949 New York
John Kee Democratic 1949–1951 West Virginia
James P. Richards Democratic 1951–1953 South Carolina
Robert B. Chiperfield Republican 1953–1955 Illinois
James P. Richards Democratic 1955–1957 South Carolina
Thomas S. Gordon Democratic 1957–1959 Illinois
Thomas E. Morgan Democratic 1959–1977 Pennsylvania
Clement J. Zablocki Democratic 1977–1983 Wisconsin
Dante Fascell Democratic 1983–1993 Florida
Lee H. Hamilton Democratic 1993–1995 Indiana
Benjamin A. Gilman Republican 1995–2001 New York
Henry Hyde Republican 2001–2007 Illinois
Tom Lantos Democratic 2007–2008 California
Howard Berman Democratic 2008–2011 California
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 2011–2013 Florida
Ed Royce Republican 2013-2019 California
Eliot Engel Democratic 2019- New York

Notable hearings and activity[edit]

North Korea nuclear threat[edit]

In January 2018, four days after Hawaii residents received a false emergency alarm warning of an incoming nuclear missile, President Donald Trump announced that U.S. intelligence agencies concluded that North Korea is close to creating a long-range missile with a nuclear warhead that could reach the United States. The House Committee on Foreign Affairs held a joint hearing between two of its subcommittees on the issue. During the hearing, a panel of international policy experts said that the best way to stop North Korea's nuclear ambitions is through the intervention of the Chinese government, but concluded that such a plan is not very likely anytime soon. The experts also testified that North Korea has "extensive capabilities in non-nuclear weapons, including chemical, biological and cyber."[4] Several Members of Congress who sit on the subcommittees expressed support in working with China, "by force if necessary by sanctioning Chinese banks that work with North Korea, in order to convince the North Korea allies to support a rollback on the North Korea weapons programs."[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Full Committee". Foreign Affairs Committee.
  3. ^ "Past Chairs of the Committee". History of the Committee. U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
  4. ^ a b Roberts, Ed (2018-01-17). "Experts tell Congress China is best avenue for North Korea intervention". Homeland Preparedness News. Retrieved 2018-02-27.

External links[edit]