Tholo language

Native toChina
Native speakers
2,000 (2009)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3ytl

Tanglang (Chinese: 堂郎语), or Tholo (autonym: tʰo˥lo˧ zɑ˧), is a Loloish language spoken by 947 people in 8 villages of southern Tai'an Township 太安乡, Lijiang County, Yunnan, including in Hongmai 红麦 [3][4] and Shuijing 水井村[5] villages. Tanglang has been in long-term contact with Bai, and is also in contact with Naxi.[4] The speakers' name for the language is tʰo˦˨lo˦˨.[4]

Tanglang is taught in local schools.


Tanglang speakers are referred to by the following names.[5]

  • autonym: tʰo˦˨lo˦˨ zɑ˧ (Tulusha 吐鲁沙)
  • exonym in Heqing County: Tanglangzi 堂郎子
  • exonym of the Nalu 那鲁 (Heihua 黑话) people: Moxie 麽些
  • exonym in Jianchuan County 剑川县: tʰo˧˩lo˧˩ χo˧
  • exonym in Lijiangba District 丽江县坝区: tʰo˧le˧ dʌ˧˩
  • exonym in Nanshan 南山: lu˥lu˧


  1. ^
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tanglang-Toloza". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b c Bradley, David. 2004. Endangered Central Ngwi Languages of Central Yunnan. Keynote Presentation, 37th International Conference on Sino-Tibetan Languages and Linguistics, Lund University, Sweden.
  5. ^ a b Gai, Xingzhi 盖兴之. 2002. Tanglanghua gaikuang 堂郎话概况. In Minzu Yuwen 民族语文 2002(3).