|The Brahmic script and its descendants|
The Dravidian family comprises about 73 languages including Telugu, Kannada, Tamil and Malayalam. Saatavaahanas introduced the Brahmi to present day Telugu and Kannada speaking regions. It was followed by Kadamba script, then used for writing Kannada and Telugu languages. Next came Old Kannada in the third century CE. Kannada abugida emerged between the 1st and 3rd centuries CE from Chalukya and Kadamba script.
During 4th to 7th centuries AD the Early Bādāmi Chālukyās and Early Banavasi Kadambās used early form of Kannada script in inscriptions. The early Eastern Chalukyas and Salankayana who ruled the Kannada and Telugu speaking areas.
Kannada became a written language ahead of Telugu. Both Kannada and Telugu produced poetry during the eighth century. Full-fledged literary works in Kannada appeared in the ninth century, two centuries before they became available in Telugu. The earliest known Telugu inscriptions date to the 6th century CE. Telugu poetry began to appear in the 11th century. Telugu writers waited until the 11th century because of socio-political factors (royal patronage, the influence of Buddhism and Jainism).
Between 1100 CE and 1400 CE the Kannada and Telugu scripts separated from Old Kannada. The Chalukya dynasty influenced the modern form of Telugu script and its similarity with modern Kannada script.
A new written standard emerged in Telugu during the second half of the 20th century.
- Kannada inscriptions
- Palaeography § South India
- Culture of Andhra Pradesh § Literature
- Linguistic history of the Indian subcontinent
- Pallava script
- Evolution of Telugu Character Graphs
- Salankayana Telugu-Kannada script
- Kadamba -> Old-Kannada -> Kannada and Telugu script
- Copper plates in Telugu-Kannada script
- Brahmi -> Kadamba -> Old Kannada -> Telugu-Kannada scripts
Inscriptions in Kannada-Telugu script
- Kakatiya period Telugu-Kannada inscription by poet Nrusimha Rushi dating between 1295 and 1325 found on hillocks near Urs on the outskirts of Warangal.
- 13th-century Kakatiya era Bayyaram stone inscription found in Bayyaram mandal Andhra Pradesh.
Evolution and Development of Kannada-Telugu script
- Development of Kannada-Telugu script
- Evolution of Telugu-kannada script
- Kalyana Chalukya Kannada script
- Kannada Script Evolution - Brahmi to Mysore Wadayar Kannada
- Telugu Script Evolution - Brahmi to Vijayanagara script
- Period identification of various ancient Kannada scripts using SVM classifier
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- "Evolution of Telugu Character Graphs". Retrieved 2013-07-22.