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|Alternative names||Tartare sauce, tartare|
|Place of origin||France|
|Main ingredients||Mayonnaise, capers, gherkins (or other varieties of pickles), lemon juice and sometimes tarragon|
Tartar sauce (French: sauce tartare; also spelled Tartare sauce in the UK, New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, and other parts of the Commonwealth) is a condiment primarily composed of mayonnaise and finely chopped capers. Tartar sauce can also be enhanced with the addition of gherkins, other varieties of pickles, and lemon juice as well as herbs such as dill and parsley.
Tartar sauce is based on either mayonnaise (egg yolk, mustard or vinegar, bitartrate, oil) or aioli (olive oil, garlic), with certain other ingredients added. In the UK, recipes typically add to the base capers, gherkins, lemon juice, and dill. US recipes may include chopped pickles or prepared green sweet relish, capers, onions (or chives), and fresh parsley. Chopped hard-boiled eggs or olives are sometimes added, as may be Dijon mustard and cocktail onions. Paul Bocuse described sauce tartare explicitly as a sauce remoulade, in which the characterising anchovy purée is to be replaced by some hot Dijon mustard.
History and etymology
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Ultimately, "tartar sauce" gets its name from being "tart" in taste. Some may argue that the sauce gets its name from the Golden Horde who invaded Europe in the 13th century, who were known to the locals as Tartars, they originitated from the land of Tartary (most of which is in Russia). This misnomer came from associating the name Tatar with the Greek mythological hell known as Tartarus.
- Isabella Graham Duffield Stewart; Mary B. Duffield (1878). The Home messenger book of tested receipts. Detroit: E. B. Smith & Co. p. 31. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
- Louisette Bertholle; Julia Child; Simone Beck (2001). Mastering the Art of French Cooking. 1. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0-307-95817-4. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
- Paul Bocuse, La cuisine du marché, 1976
- Bocuse describes the Remoulade just previous Sauce Tartare as a standard mayonnaise (egg yolks, vinegar, oil) with additional chopped capers, gherkins and herbs and some anchovy purée