South Carolina's 4th congressional district

South Carolina's 4th congressional district
South Carolina US Congressional District 4 (since 2013).tif
South Carolina's 4th congressional district - since January 3, 2019.
Representative
  William Timmons
RGreenville
Population (2010)709,631[1]
Median income$53,006[2]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+15[3]

The 4th Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district in upstate South Carolina bordering North Carolina. It includes parts of Greenville and Spartanburg counties. The district is characterized by the two major cities of Greenville and Spartanburg.

The district is the state's wealthiest district and one of its most conservative. In the late 20th century, it has been in Republican hands since 1979, aside from a six-year stint by Democrat Liz J. Patterson, the daughter of former Senator Olin Johnston. Even before the Republicans finally took control of the seat, the 4th had been a rather conservative district. Like in most of the state, the old-line Southern Democrats began splitting their tickets as early as the 1940s. However, this area's white conservatives became increasingly willing to support Republicans at the state and local level as early as the 1970s, well before the rest of the state swung Republican. The district is a major destination for presidential candidates in election years, as South Carolina is one of the first states to hold a presidential primary.

Republican William Timmons has represented the district since January 3, 2019. He succeeded Republican Trey Gowdy who did not seek reelection.

History[edit]

From 2003 to 2013 the district included all of Spartanburg and Union counties and parts of Greenville and Laurens counties.

Election results from presidential races[edit]

Year Result
2004 George W. Bush 65 - 34%
2008 John McCain 60.6 - 37.7%
2012 Mitt Romney 62.2 - 36.2%
2016 Donald Trump 60.2 - 34.5%

List of members representing the district[edit]

Name Party Years Cong
ress
Residence Electoral history District location
ThomasSumterByRembrandtPeale.jpg
Thomas Sumter
Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
1st
2nd
[data unknown/missing] Elected in 1788.
Re-elected in 1790.
[data unknown/missing]
1789–1793
"Camden district"
South Carolina Congressional Districts, 1789–1793
  1st District, Charleston
  2nd District, Beaufort-Orangeburg
  3rd District, Georgetown-Cheraw
  4th District, Camden
  5th District, Ninety-Six
Richard Winn Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
3rd
4th
[data unknown/missing] Elected in 1793.
Re-elected in 1794.
Lost re-election.
1793–1797
"Camden district"
(Map unknown)
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
ThomasSumterByRembrandtPeale.jpg
Thomas Sumter
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1797 –
December 15, 1801
5th
6th
7th
[data unknown/missing] Elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1800.
Resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
1797–1803
"Camden district"
1796 election results by district
Vacant December 15, 1801 –
January 24, 1802
Richard Winn Democratic-Republican January 24, 1802 –
March 3, 1803
7th [data unknown/missing] Elected to finish Sumter's term.
Redistricted to the 5th district.
Wade Hampton I.jpg
Wade Hampton
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
8th Columbia Elected in 1803.
Retired.
1803–1813
"Orangeburgh district"
O'Brien Smith Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1807
9th Jacksonboro Elected in 1804.
Retired.
John Taylor South Carolina governor.jpg
John Taylor
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1807 –
December 30, 1810
10th
11th
Columbia Elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Lost re-election and resigned.
Vacant December 30, 1810 –
March 3, 1811
William Lowndes (South Carolina Congressman).jpg
William Lowndes
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
12th Charleston Elected in 1810.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
John J. Chappell Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
13th
14th
Columbia Elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
1813–1823
"Orangeburgh district"
Joseph Bellinger Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
15th Barnwell Elected in 1816.
Retired.
James Overstreet Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 –
May 24, 1822
16th
17th
Barnwell Elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Died.
Vacant May 24, 1822 –
December 4, 1822
Andrew R. Govan Democratic-Republican December 4, 1822 –
March 3, 1823
17th
18th
19th
Orangeburg Elected to finish Overstreet's term.
Re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1824.
Lost re-election.
Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
1823–1833
"Orangeburgh district":
Barnwell, Lexington, Orangeburgh, and Richland counties
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
William D. Martin Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1831
20th
21st
Coosawhatchie Elected in 1826.
Re-elected in 1828.
[data unknown/missing]
John M. Felder Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
22nd
23rd
Orangeburg [data unknown/missing]
Nullifier March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
1833–1843
[data unknown/missing]
JHHammond.jpg
James H. Hammond
Nullifier March 4, 1835 –
February 26, 1836
24th Newberry Elected in 1834.
Resigned.
Vacant February 26, 1836 –
December 10, 1836
FHElmore.jpg
Franklin H. Elmore
Nullifier December 10, 1836 –
March 3, 1839
24th
25th
Walterboro Elected October 10, 1836 to finish Hammond's term and seated December 19, 1836.
Elected the same day in 1836 to the next term.
[data unknown/missing]
Sampson H. Butler Democratic March 4, 1839 –
September 27, 1842
26th
27th
Charleston [data unknown/missing]
Resigned.
Vacant September 27, 1842 –
December 17, 1842
Samuel W. Trotti Democratic December 17, 1842 –
March 3, 1843
27th [data unknown/missing] [data unknown/missing]
John Campbell Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th Parnassus Redistricted from the 3rd district.
[data unknown/missing]
Alexander D. Sims Democratic March 4, 1845 –
November 22, 1848
29th
30th
Darlington [data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant November 22, 1848 –
February 12, 1849
JohnMcQueen.jpg
John McQueen
Democratic February 12, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
30th
31st
32nd
Society Hill [data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 1st district.
Preston Brooks-SC2 crop.jpg
Preston S. Brooks
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
July 15, 1856
33rd
34th
Edgefield [data unknown/missing]
Resigned.
Vacant July 15, 1856 –
August 1, 1856
Preston Brooks-SC2 crop.jpg
Preston S. Brooks
Democratic August 1, 1856 –
January 28, 1857
34th Edgefield Re-elected to finish his vacant term.
Died.
Vacant January 28, 1857 –
March 3, 1857
Hon. Milledge L. Bonham, S.C - NARA - 528412.jpg
Milledge L. Bonham
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
December 21, 1860
35th
36th
Edgefield [data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Civil War - Reconstruction
JamesHGoss.jpg
James H. Goss
Republican July 18, 1868 –
March 3, 1869
40th Union [data unknown/missing]
AlexanderSWallace.jpg
Alexander S. Wallace
Republican May 27, 1870 –
March 3, 1877
41st
42nd
43rd
44th
York Successfully contested election of William D. Simpson
JohnHEvins.jpg
John H. Evins
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
October 20, 1884
45th
46th
47th
48th
Spartanburg [data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant October 20, 1884 –
December 8, 1884
John Bratton.jpg
John Bratton
Democratic December 8, 1884 –
March 3, 1885
48th Winnsboro [data unknown/missing]
William Hayne Perry.jpg
William H. Perry
Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1891
49th
50th
51st
Greenville [data unknown/missing]
GeorgeWShell.jpg
George W. Shell
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
52nd
53rd
Laurens [data unknown/missing]
Stanyarne Wilson.jpg
Stanyarne Wilson
Democratic March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1901
54th
55th
56th
Spartanburg [data unknown/missing]
Joseph T. Johnson Democratic March 4, 1901 –
April 19, 1915
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
Spartanburg [data unknown/missing]
Resigned.
Vacant April 19, 1915 –
September 14, 1915
SamuelJNicholls.jpg
Samuel J. Nicholls
Democratic September 14, 1915 –
March 3, 1921
64th
65th
66th
Spartanburg [data unknown/missing]
John Jackson McSwain.jpg
John J. McSwain
Democratic March 4, 1921 –
August 6, 1936
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
Greenville [data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant August 6, 1936 –
November 3, 1936
G. Heyward Mahon Jr. (South Carolina Congressman).jpg
Gabriel H. Mahon Jr.
Democratic November 3, 1936 –
January 3, 1939
74th
75th
Greenville [data unknown/missing]
JosephRBryson.jpg
Joseph R. Bryson
Democratic January 3, 1939 –
March 10, 1953
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
Greenville [data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant March 10, 1953 –
June 2, 1953
Robert Ashmore.jpg
Robert T. Ashmore
Democratic June 2, 1953 –
January 3, 1969
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
Greenville [data unknown/missing]
Congressman James Mann.jpg
James R. Mann
Democratic January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1979
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
Greenville [data unknown/missing]
Carroll A Campbell.jpg
Carroll A. Campbell Jr.
Republican January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1987
96th
97th
98th
99th
Fountain Inn [data unknown/missing]
Lizzypatterson.jpg
Liz J. Patterson
Democratic January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1993
100th
101st
102nd
Spartanburg [data unknown/missing]
Rep. Bob Inglis, 109th Congress.jpg
Bob Inglis
Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1999
103rd
104th
105th
Greenville [data unknown/missing]
Jim DeMint headshot.jpg
Jim DeMint
Republican January 3, 1999 –
January 3, 2005
106th
107th
108th
Greenville [data unknown/missing]
Bob Inglis congressional portrait.jpg
Bob Inglis
Republican January 3, 2005 –
January 3, 2011
109th
110th
111th
Travelers Rest [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Trey Gowdy 113th Congress.jpg
Trey Gowdy
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2019
112th
113th
114th
115th
Spartanburg Elected in 2010.
Retired.
William Timmons 116 pic.jpg
William Timmons
Republican January 3, 2019 –
Present
116th Greenville Elected in 2018.

Living former Members[edit]

As of January 2019, there are three living former members. The most recent representative to die was Liz J. Patterson (served 1987–1993) on November 10, 2018.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Bob Inglis 1993–1999
2005–2011
(1959-10-11) October 11, 1959 (age 60)
Jim DeMint 1999–2005 (1951-09-02) September 2, 1951 (age 68)
Trey Gowdy 2011–2019 (1964-08-22) August 22, 1964 (age 55)

Historical district boundaries[edit]

1995 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SC4 District 4 Profile" (PDF). US Census. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=45&cd=04
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.

Coordinates: 34°56′N 82°07′W / 34.93°N 82.12°W / 34.93; -82.12