View of Sogndalsstranda
Sokndal within Rogaland
|Administrative centre||Hauge i Dalene|
|• Mayor (2019)||Thomas Sandsmark (KrF)|
|• Total||294.98 km2 (113.89 sq mi)|
|• Land||267.15 km2 (103.15 sq mi)|
|• Water||27.83 km2 (10.75 sq mi)|
|Area rank||280 in Norway|
|• Rank||251 in Norway|
|• Density||12.4/km2 (32/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||1.5%|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1111|
|Official language form||Neutral|
Sokndal is the southernmost municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Dalane. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Hauge. Other villages in Sokndal include Li, Rekefjord, Sogndalsstranda, and Åna-Sira.
Sogndalsstranda is a picturesque, old fishing village, which may have inspired the municipality in becoming Norway's first member of Cittaslow. The Jøssingfjorden, known for the Altmark Incident, is also located in Sokndal.
The 295-square-kilometre (114 sq mi) municipality is the 280th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Sokndal is the 251st most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 3,316. The municipality's population density is 12.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (32/sq mi) and its population has increased by 1.5% over the last decade.
The parish of Soggendal (later Sokndal) was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). In 1845, the small lading place of Sogndal (population: 348) was separated from Sokndal as a municipality of its own. This left Sokndal with 2,819 residents. On 12 December 1868, a small part of Sokndal (population: 41) was transferred to neighboring Eigersund municipality. On 1 July 1944, the small lading place of Sogndal (population: 311) was reincorporated into Sokndal. In 1947, a small area in Sokndal (population: 7) was transferred to Eigersund. On 1 January 1967, the Tjørn farm (population: 10) was transferred from Eigersund to Sokndal.
The Old Norse form of the name was Sóknardalr. The first element is the genitive case of the river name Sókn (now Sokno) and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". The river name is derived from the Old Norse verb sœkja which means "seek" and so the meaning is "the river which seeks (finds/forces) its way". Before 1918, the name was written "Sogndal" or "Soggendahl".
The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 8 July 1988. The arms show three black pickaxes on a yellow background. These were chosen to symbolize the importance of mining and agriculture in the municipality. It was designed by Johan Digernes of Haugesund.
|Parish (Sokn)||Church Name||Location of the Church||Year Built|
The municipality is the southernmost in Rogaland county. The North Sea lies to the south and west, the river Sira and the Åna fjord lie to the southeast (separating it from Flekkefjord in Vest-Agder county), the municipality of Lund lies to the east and north, and the municipality of Eigersund lies to the northwest. The lakes Grøsfjellvatnet and Eiavatnet both lie on the northern border of the municipality. The coastline of Sokndal is fairly smooth, although there are two larger fjords which cut into the municipality: the Rekefjorden and Jøssingfjorden. The Lille Presteskjær Lighthouse marks the entrance to the Rekefjorden. The southeastern part of the municipality is very rocky and rugged. It is the site of the large Tellnes mine, a large producer of titanium.
|Climate data for Hauge|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−0.3 |
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||150 |
|Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute|
At Tellnes, just east of Hauge i Dalane, there is an ilmenite mine run by Titania AS, supplying 10% of the world production of ilmenite (a type of titanium). It's also the world's largest opencast ilmenite mine.
All municipalities in Norway, including Sokndal, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.
|Party Name||Name in Norwegian||Number of|
|Christian Democratic Party||Kristelig Folkeparti||6|
|Total number of members:||21|
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-11-02.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Rygh, Oluf (1915). Norske gaardnavne: Stavanger amt (in Norwegian) (10 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 1.
- "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2016-07-05.
- Store norske leksikon. "Sokndal" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2016-07-21.
- "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.
- "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sokndal.|
|Look up Sokndal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rogaland.|
- Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway (in Norwegian)
- Sokndal (in Norwegian)
- A presentation of Sokndal Municipality
- Google map satellite views:
- Hauge i Dalane, also clearly visible is the large rock quarry on both sites of the Rekefjord.
- The Titania open pit mine (top right) and the Jøssingfjord (bottom left)