Serbian Army

Serbian Army
Копнена војска Србије
Kopnena vojska Srbije
Kov vs.gif
The Serbian Army's coat of arms
Active1808–present
(current form since 2006)
CountrySerbia
AllegianceEmblem of the Serbian Armed Forces.svg Serbian Armed Forces
TypeArmy
Size17,850[1]
Command HQKing Alexander I Square, Niš
AnniversariesNovember 16
EngagementsSerbian Revolution
Serbian-Turkish Wars (1876-1878)
Russo-Turkish War
Serbo-Bulgarian War
Balkan Wars
World War I
Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War
Commanders
Chief of the StaffLt. General
Milosav Simović
Army Sergeant MajorWarrant officer 1st class
Nenad Stević
Notable
commanders
Fld. Marshal Radomir Putnik
Fld. Marshal Stepa Stepanović
Fld. Marshal Živojin Mišić
Fld. Marshal Petar Bojović
Serbian Land Force structure

The Serbian Army (Serbian: Копнена војска Србије, romanizedKopnena vojska Srbije) is the land-based component of the Serbian Armed Forces, responsible for defending the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Serbia from foreign hostiles; participating in peacekeeping operations; and providing humanitarian aid and disaster relief. Originally established in 1830, the Serbian army was incorporated into the newly established state of Yugoslavia in 1918. The current Serbian army has been active since 2006 when Serbia restored its independence.

History[edit]

Current status[edit]

The Serbian Army is the largest component of the Serbian Armed Forces. There are approximately 17,850 active members and additional 50,000 in reserves.[2] The army is composed entirely of professionals and volunteers following the suspension of mandatory military service on January 1, 2011.

The 2nd, 3rd and 4th army brigades are tasked with securing the 5 km (2.5 mi) wide Ground Safety Zone (GSZ) along the administrative line between Central Serbia and the disputed territory of Kosovo[a]. The Ground Safety Zone extends 384 kilometres long and covers a total area of about 1,920 square kilometres. There are over 20 camps and security checkpoints in the zone.[3]

There are plans to increase the Serbian army's involvement in humanitarian and peacekeeping operations abroad.[4][5]

Formations and structure[edit]

Graduation ceremony of the Military Academy's 134th class in front of the National Assembly in Belgrade, 2013
Serbian soldiers units together with NATO and partner nations Moldova and Montenegro during Combined Resolve IV exercise at the U.S. Army's Joint Multinational Readiness Center in Hohenfels, (Germany), May 21, 2015.
Serbian, Belarussian and Russian units at the Rayevsky training ground during exercise Slavic Brotherhood , Novorossiysk, Russia, 2018

Following the 2006 reorganization, the Serbian Army consists of six primary brigades. The four army brigades are larger than a conventional modern brigade, their size is more akin to a division.[citation needed] Each army brigade consists of ten battalions: one command battalion, one armored battalion, two mechanized battalions, two infantry battalions, one self-propelled artillery battalion, one self-propelled multiple rocket launcher artillery Battalion, one air defense battalion, one engineering battalion and one logistic battalion. The only exception is the 1st army brigade, being one infantry battalion short.

Serbian Army – major combat units
green pin – army brigades, red pin – special brigade
  • Army Command (Niš)
    • 3VP.png 3rd Military Police Battalion (Niš)
    • 5VP.png 5th Military Police Battalion (Belgrade)
    • ABHO.png 246th NBC Battalion (Kruševac)
    • 21. Bataljon veze.png 21st Signal Battalion (Niš)
  • 1 Brigada KOV.png1st Brigade (Novi Sad)
    • 10th Command Battalion
    • 11th Infantry Battalion
    • 12th Self-Propelled Artillery Battalion
    • 13th Self-Propelled Multiple Rocket Launcher Artillery Battalion
    • 14th Air-defense Artillery Battalion
    • 15th Tank battalion
    • 16th Mechanized Battalion
    • 17th Mechanized Battalion
    • 18th Engineer Battalion
    • 19th Logistic Battalion
  • 2 Brigada KOV.png2nd Brigade (Kraljevo)
    • 20th Command Battalion
    • 21st Infantry Battalion
    • 22nd Infantry Battalion
    • 23rd Self-Propelled Artillery Battalion
    • 24th Self-Propelled Multiple Rocket Launcher Artillery Battalion
    • 25th Air-defense Artillery Battalion
    • 26th Tank Battalion
    • 27th Mechanized Battalion
    • 28th Mechanized Battalion
    • 29th Logistic Battalion
    • 210th Engineer Battalion
  • 3 Brigada KOV.png3rd Brigade (Niš)
    • 30th Command Battalion
    • 31st Infantry Battalion
    • 32nd Infantry Battalion
    • 33rd Self-Propelled Howitzer Artillery Battalion
    • 34th Multiple Multiple Rocket Launcher Artillery Battalion
    • 35th Air-defense Artillery Battalion
    • 36th Tank Battalion
    • 37th Mechanized Battalion
    • 38th Mechanized Battalion
    • 39th Logistic Battalion
    • 310th Engineer Battalion
  • 4 Brigada KOV.png4th Brigade (Vranje)
    • 40th Command Battalion
    • 41st Infantry Battalion
    • 42nd Infantry Battalion
    • 43rd Self-Propelled Howitzer Artillery Battalion
    • 44th Self-Propelled Multiple Rocket Launcher Artillery Battalion
    • 45th Air-defense Artillery Battalion
    • 46th Tank Battalion
    • 47th Mechanized Battalion
    • 48th Mechanized Battalion
    • 49th Logistic Battalion
    • 410th Engineer Battalion
  • Mešovita artiljeriska Brigada.pngMixed Artillery Brigade (Niš)
    • Command Battalion
    • Mixed Multiple Rocket Launcher Artillery Battalion
    • 1st Howitzer-Cannon Artillery Battalion
    • 2nd Howitzer-Cannon Artillery Battalion
    • 3rd Howitzer-Cannon Artillery Battalion
    • 69th Logistics Battalion
  • RFVSAmblem.pngRiver Flotilla (Novi Sad)
    • Command Company
    • 1st River Detachment
    • 2nd River Detachment
    • 1st Pontoon Battalion
    • 2nd Pontoon Battalion
    • Logistic Company
  • Spec brigada.pngSpecial Brigade (Pančevo)

Equipment[edit]

M-84AS main battle tank

Armoured fighting vehicles[edit]

Lazar 2 multi-role military vehicle

At the end of 2018 Serbian army had 414 tanks, this number will be increased by 30 T-72 tanks which are donation by Russia.[6]

Artillery[edit]

Nora B52 155mm Self-propelled howitzer

Anti-armour[edit]

BOV-3 hybrid air-defense system

Air-defence[edit]

Kub M SAM System

Small arms[edit]

Zastava M93 anti-material rifle

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 112 out of 193 United Nations member states, while 12 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.pecat.co.rs/2015/03/miroslav-lazanski-doktrina-ministra-gasica/
  2. ^ "2018 Serbia Military Strength". globalfirepower.com. Archived from the original on July 30, 2018. Retrieved May 5, 2018.
  3. ^ "NATO for suspension of security zone in Kosovo". Blic Online. January 20, 2009. Archived from the original on February 16, 2009.
  4. ^ "Plan of the Serbian Army participation in peace operations approved". International Radio Serbia. December 24, 2012. Archived from the original on January 2, 2014. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
  5. ^ "Army improves Serbia's global reputation". B92. December 20, 2012. Archived from the original on January 2, 2014. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
  6. ^ Srna (December 2, 2017). "Srbija od Rusije dobija 30 tenkova". Nezavisne novine (in Serbian). Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  7. ^ sisteme, Vojska Srbije | Serbian Armed Forces :: Centar za komandno-informacione. "Војска Србије | Наоружање Копнене војске | Оклопно-борбена средства | Тенк М84". www.vs.rs. Archived from the original on January 5, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
  8. ^ "SIPRI Arms Transfers Database | SIPRI". www.sipri.org. Archived from the original on March 16, 2018. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
  9. ^ "SRBIJA RASPRODAJE NAORUŽANJE: Vojska nudi 480 tenkova, 220 oklopnih vozila, 200 haubica..." kurir.rs (in Serbian). Archived from the original on March 19, 2018. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
  10. ^ Beta. "Vojska Srbije prodaje 480 tenkova, oklopnih vozila i drugo naoružanje". Politika Online (in Serbian). Archived from the original on March 20, 2018. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
  11. ^ Lazanski, Miroslav. "Tenkovi na poklon". Politika Online (in Serbian). Archived from the original on January 28, 2018. Retrieved January 27, 2018.
  12. ^ Tašković, M. "Srbija prodala 29 starih tenkova IZVOZNIKU ORUŽJA". Blic.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj "Armaments – armaments names in this reference are links with detailed explanation read them to clarify technical and other details". Serbian Armed Forces. Archived from the original on October 7, 2014. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  14. ^ "Course for operating off-road vehicles Hummer". Serbian Armed Forces. February 7, 2013. Archived from the original on January 16, 2014. Retrieved May 11, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "Војска Србије – Наоружање Копнене војске – Противоклопна средства – Противоклопна вођена ракета МАЉУТКА". Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved December 23, 2014.

External links[edit]