Seniority in the United States House of Representatives

This is a complete list of current members of the United States House of Representatives based on seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office. Representatives whose terms begin the same day are ranked alphabetically by last name.[a]

Standards for seniority[edit]

Representatives who return to the House after having previously served in the House may be credited with service equal to one less than the number of terms they served. For example, Rep. Steve Chabot had previously served seven terms, from 1995 to 2009, when he was once again elected in 2010. Instead of holding seniority with others whose terms began January 3, 2011, he was credited with six terms, and holds seniority above all representatives whose terms began on or after January 3, 1999. When a representative has served a prior term of fewer than two terms (i.e., prior term minus one equals less than one), he or she is ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.[citation needed]

Benefits of seniority[edit]

Committee leadership in the House is often associated with seniority, especially in the Democratic Caucus. The Republican leadership, in comparison with the Democratic Party, prioritizes voting records and campaign fundraising over seniority for committee leadership.[1] Party leadership in the House is not strictly associated with seniority.

Seniority also affects access to more desirable office space in the House Office Buildings.

Vacancies[edit]

Current seniority list[edit]

Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Previous service (if any)[b] Committee and leadership positions
1 Don Young R Alaska at-large March 6, 1973   Dean of the House
2 Jim Sensenbrenner R Wisconsin 5 January 3, 1979  
3 Hal Rogers R Kentucky 5 January 3, 1981
4 Chris Smith R New Jersey 4
5 Steny Hoyer D Maryland 5 May 19, 1981 Majority Leader
6 Marcy Kaptur D Ohio 9 January 3, 1983  
7 Pete Visclosky D Indiana 1 January 3, 1985
8 Peter DeFazio D Oregon 4 January 3, 1987 Chair: Transportation and Infrastructure
9 John Lewis D Georgia 5  
10 Fred Upton R Michigan 6
11 Nancy Pelosi D California 12 June 2, 1987 Speaker of the House
12 Frank Pallone D New Jersey 6 November 8, 1988 Chair: Energy and Commerce
13 Eliot Engel D New York 16 January 3, 1989 Chair: Foreign Affairs
14 Nita Lowey D New York 17 Chair: Appropriations
15 Richard Neal D Massachusetts 1 Chair: Ways and Means
16 José E. Serrano D New York 15 March 20, 1990  
17 David Price D North Carolina 4 January 3, 1997 1987–1995
18 Rosa DeLauro D Connecticut 3 January 3, 1991  
19 Collin Peterson D Minnesota 7 Chair: Agriculture
20 Maxine Waters D California 43 Chair: Financial Services
21 Jerrold Nadler D New York 10 November 3, 1992 Chair: Judiciary
22 Jim Cooper D Tennessee 5 January 3, 2003 1983–1995  
23 Sanford Bishop D Georgia 2 January 3, 1993  
24 Ken Calvert R California 42
25 Jim Clyburn D South Carolina 6 Majority Whip
26 Anna Eshoo D California 18  
27 Alcee Hastings D Florida 20
28 Eddie Bernice Johnson D Texas 30 Chair: Science, Space and Technology
29 Peter T. King R New York 2  
30 Carolyn Maloney D New York 12 Chair: Oversight and Government Reform
31 Lucille Roybal-Allard D California 40  
32 Bobby Rush D Illinois 1
33 Bobby Scott D Virginia 3 Chair: Education and Labor
34 Nydia Velázquez D New York 7 Chair: Small Business
35 Bennie Thompson D Mississippi 2 April 13, 1993 Chair: Homeland Security
36 Frank Lucas R Oklahoma 3 May 10, 1994 Ranking Member: Science, Space and Technology
37 Lloyd Doggett D Texas 35 January 3, 1995  
38 Michael F. Doyle D Pennsylvania 18
39 Sheila Jackson Lee D Texas 18
40 Zoe Lofgren D California 19
41 Mac Thornberry R Texas 13 Ranking Member: Armed Services
42 Earl Blumenauer D Oregon 3 May 21, 1996  
43 Robert Aderholt R Alabama 4 January 3, 1997
44 Kevin Brady R Texas 8 Ranking Member: Ways and Means
45 Danny K. Davis D Illinois 7  
46 Diana DeGette D Colorado 1
47 Kay Granger R Texas 12 Ranking Member: Appropriations
48 Ron Kind D Wisconsin 3  
49 Jim McGovern D Massachusetts 2 Chair: Rules
50 Bill Pascrell D New Jersey 9  
51 Brad Sherman D California 30
52 John Shimkus R Illinois 15
53 Adam Smith D Washington 9 Chair: Armed Services
54 Gregory Meeks D New York 5 February 3, 1998  
55 Barbara Lee D California 13 April 7, 1998
56 Steve Chabot R Ohio 1 January 3, 2011 1995–2009 Ranking Member: Small Business
57 John Larson D Connecticut 1 January 3, 1999    
58 Grace Napolitano D California 32
59 Jan Schakowsky D Illinois 9
60 Mike Simpson R Idaho 2
61 Mike Thompson D California 5
62 Greg Walden R Oregon 2 Ranking Member: Energy and Commerce
63 Lacy Clay D Missouri 1 January 3, 2001  
64 Susan Davis D California 53
65 Sam Graves R Missouri 6 Ranking Member: Transportation and Infrastructure
66 James Langevin D Rhode Island 2  
67 Rick Larsen D Washington 2
68 Betty McCollum D Minnesota 4
69 Adam Schiff D California 28 Chair: Intelligence
70 Stephen Lynch D Massachusetts 8 October 16, 2001  
71 Joe Wilson R South Carolina 2 December 18, 2001
72 Rob Bishop R Utah 1 January 3, 2003 Ranking Member: Natural Resources
73 Michael C. Burgess R Texas 26  
74 John Carter R Texas 31
75 Tom Cole R Oklahoma 4 Ranking Member: Rules
76 Mario Díaz-Balart R Florida 25  
77 Raúl Grijalva D Arizona 3 Chair: Natural Resources
78 Steve King R Iowa 4
79 Devin Nunes R California 22 Ranking Member: Intelligence
80 Mike D. Rogers R Alabama 3 Ranking Member: Homeland Security
81 Dutch Ruppersberger D Maryland 2  
82 Tim Ryan D Ohio 13
83 Linda Sánchez D California 38
84 David Scott D Georgia 13
85 Mike Turner R Ohio 10
86 G. K. Butterfield D North Carolina 1 July 20, 2004
87 Emanuel Cleaver D Missouri 5 January 3, 2005
88 Mike Conaway R Texas 11 Ranking Member: Agriculture
89 Jim Costa D California 16  
90 Henry Cuellar D Texas 28
91 Jeff Fortenberry R Nebraska 1
92 Virginia Foxx R North Carolina 5 Ranking Member: Education and Labor
93 Louie Gohmert R Texas 1  
94 Al Green D Texas 9
95 Brian Higgins D New York 26
96 Dan Lipinski D Illinois 3
97 Kenny Marchant R Texas 24
98 Michael McCaul R Texas 10 Ranking Member: Foreign Affairs
99 Patrick T. McHenry R North Carolina 10 Ranking Member: Financial Services
100 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R Washington 5  
101 Gwen Moore D Wisconsin 4
102 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D Florida 23
103 Doris Matsui D California 6 March 8, 2005
104 Albio Sires D New Jersey 8 November 7, 2006
105 Gus Bilirakis R Florida 12 January 3, 2007
106 Vern Buchanan R Florida 16
107 Kathy Castor D Florida 14
108 Yvette D. Clarke D New York 9
109 Steve Cohen D Tennessee 9
110 Joe Courtney D Connecticut 2
111 Hank Johnson D Georgia 4
112 Jim Jordan R Ohio 4 Ranking Member: Oversight and Government Reform
113 Doug Lamborn R Colorado 5
114 Dave Loebsack D Iowa 2
115 Kevin McCarthy R California 23 Minority Leader
116 Jerry McNerney D California 9  
117 Ed Perlmutter D Colorado 7
118 John Sarbanes D Maryland 3
119 Adrian Smith R Nebraska 3
120 Peter Welch D Vermont at-large
121 John Yarmuth D Kentucky 3 Chair: Budget
122 Bob Latta R Ohio 5 December 11, 2007  
123 Rob Wittman R Virginia 1
124 André Carson D Indiana 7 March 11, 2008
125 Jackie Speier D California 14 April 8, 2008
126 Steve Scalise R Louisiana 1 May 3, 2008 Minority Whip
127 Marcia Fudge D Ohio 11 November 18, 2008  
128 Gerry Connolly D Virginia 11 January 3, 2009
129 Brett Guthrie R Kentucky 2
130 Jim Himes D Connecticut 4
131 Blaine Luetkemeyer R Missouri 3
132 Ben Ray Luján D New Mexico 3 Assistant Speaker
133 Tom McClintock R California 4  
134 Pete Olson R Texas 22
135 Chellie Pingree D Maine 1
136 Bill Posey R Florida 8
137 Phil Roe R Tennessee 1 Ranking Member: Veterans' Affairs
138 Kurt Schrader D Oregon 5  
139 Glenn Thompson R Pennsylvania 15
140 Paul Tonko D New York 20
141 Michael Quigley D Illinois 5 April 7, 2009
142 Judy Chu D California 27 July 14, 2009
143 John Garamendi D California 3 November 3, 2009
144 Ted Deutch D Florida 22 April 13, 2010 Chair: Ethics
145 Tom Graves R Georgia 14 June 8, 2010  
146 Tom Reed R New York 23 November 2, 2010
147 Tim Walberg R Michigan 7 January 3, 2011 2007–2009
148 Bill Foster D Illinois 11 January 3, 2013 2008–2011
149 Justin Amash I[c] Michigan 3 January 3, 2011  
150 Karen Bass D California 37
151 Mo Brooks R Alabama 5
152 Larry Bucshon R Indiana 8
153 David Cicilline D Rhode Island 1
154 Rick Crawford R Arkansas 1
155 Scott DesJarlais R Tennessee 4
156 Jeff Duncan R South Carolina 3
157 Chuck Fleischmann R Tennessee 3
158 Bill Flores R Texas 17
159 Bob Gibbs R Ohio 7
160 Paul Gosar R Arizona 4
161 Morgan Griffith R Virginia 9
162 Andrew P. Harris R Maryland 1
163 Vicky Hartzler R Missouri 4
164 Jaime Herrera Beutler R Washington 3
165 Bill Huizenga R Michigan 2
166 Bill Johnson R Ohio 6
167 Bill Keating D Massachusetts 9
168 Mike Kelly R Pennsylvania 16
169 Adam Kinzinger R Illinois 16
170 Billy Long R Missouri 7
171 David McKinley R West Virginia 1
172 Steven Palazzo R Mississippi 4
173 Cedric Richmond D Louisiana 2
174 Martha Roby R Alabama 2
175 David Schweikert R Arizona 6
176 Austin Scott R Georgia 8
177 Terri Sewell D Alabama 7
178 Steve Stivers R Ohio 15
179 Scott Tipton R Colorado 3
180 Daniel Webster R Florida 11
181 Frederica Wilson D Florida 24
182 Steve Womack R Arkansas 3 Ranking Member: Budget
183 Rob Woodall R Georgia 7  
184 Mark Amodei R Nevada 2 September 13, 2011
185 Suzanne Bonamici D Oregon 1 January 31, 2012
186 Suzan DelBene D Washington 1 November 6, 2012
187 Thomas Massie R Kentucky 4
188 Donald Payne Jr. D New Jersey 10
189 Dina Titus D Nevada 1 January 3, 2013 2009–2011
190 Andy Barr R Kentucky 6  
191 Joyce Beatty D Ohio 3
192 Ami Bera D California 7
193 Susan Brooks R Indiana 5 Ranking Member: Ethics
194 Julia Brownley D California 26  
195 Cheri Bustos D Illinois 17
196 Tony Cárdenas D California 29
197 Matt Cartwright D Pennsylvania 8
198 Joaquin Castro D Texas 20
199 Doug Collins R Georgia 9 Ranking Member: Judiciary
200 Paul Cook R California 8  
201 Rodney L. Davis R Illinois 13
202 Lois Frankel D Florida 21
203 Tulsi Gabbard D Hawaii 2
204 Dennis Heck D Washington 10
205 George Holding R North Carolina 2
206 Richard Hudson R North Carolina 8
207 Jared Huffman D California 2
208 Hakeem Jeffries D New York 8 Democratic Caucus Chair
209 David Joyce R Ohio 14  
210 Joseph Kennedy III D Massachusetts 4
211 Dan Kildee D Michigan 5
212 Derek Kilmer D Washington 6
213 Ann McLane Kuster D New Hampshire 2
214 Doug LaMalfa R California 1
215 Alan Lowenthal D California 47
216 Sean Patrick Maloney D New York 18
217 Grace Meng D New York 6
218 Markwayne Mullin R Oklahoma 2
219 Scott Perry R Pennsylvania 10
220 Scott Peters D California 52
221 Mark Pocan D Wisconsin 2
222 Tom Rice R South Carolina 7
223 Raul Ruiz D California 36
224 Chris Stewart R Utah 2
225 Eric Swalwell D California 15
226 Mark Takano D California 41 Chair: Veterans' Affairs
227 Juan Vargas D California 51  
228 Marc Veasey D Texas 33
229 Filemon Vela Jr. D Texas 34
230 Ann Wagner R Missouri 2
231 Jackie Walorski R Indiana 2
232 Randy Weber R Texas 14
233 Brad Wenstrup R Ohio 2
234 Roger Williams R Texas 25
235 Ted Yoho R Florida 3
236 Robin Kelly D Illinois 2 April 9, 2013
237 Jason T. Smith R Missouri 8 June 4, 2013
238 Katherine Clark D Massachusetts 5 December 10, 2013
239 Bradley Byrne R Alabama 1 December 17, 2013
240 Alma Adams D North Carolina 12 November 4, 2014
241 Donald Norcross D New Jersey 1
242 Ann Kirkpatrick D Arizona 2 January 3, 2019 2009–2011; 2013–2017
243 Ed Case D Hawaii 1 2002–2007
244 Ralph Abraham R Louisiana 5 January 3, 2015  
245 Pete Aguilar D California 31
246 Rick W. Allen R Georgia 12
247 Brian Babin R Texas 36
248 Don Beyer D Virginia 8
249 Mike Bost R Illinois 12
250 Brendan Boyle D Pennsylvania 2
251 Ken Buck R Colorado 4
252 Buddy Carter R Georgia 1
253 Mark DeSaulnier D California 11
254 Debbie Dingell D Michigan 12
255 Tom Emmer R Minnesota 6
256 Ruben Gallego D Arizona 7
257 Garret Graves R Louisiana 6
258 Glenn Grothman R Wisconsin 6
259 Jody Hice R Georgia 10
260 French Hill R Arkansas 2
261 Will Hurd R Texas 23
262 John Katko R New York 24
263 Brenda Lawrence D Michigan 14
264 Ted Lieu D California 33
265 Barry Loudermilk R Georgia 11
266 John Moolenaar R Michigan 4
267 Alex Mooney R West Virginia 2
268 Seth Moulton D Massachusetts 6
269 Dan Newhouse R Washington 4
270 Gary Palmer R Alabama 6
271 John Ratcliffe R Texas 4
272 Kathleen Rice D New York 4
273 David Rouzer R North Carolina 7
274 Elise Stefanik R New York 21
275 Norma Torres D California 35
276 Mark Walker R North Carolina 6
277 Bonnie Watson Coleman D New Jersey 12
278 Bruce Westerman R Arkansas 4
279 Lee Zeldin R New York 1
280 Trent Kelly R Mississippi 1 June 2, 2015
281 Darin LaHood R Illinois 18 September 10, 2015
282 Warren Davidson R Ohio 8 June 7, 2016
283 James Comer R Kentucky 1 November 8, 2016
284 Dwight Evans D Pennsylvania 3
285 Brad Schneider D Illinois 10 January 3, 2017 2013–2015
286 Jodey Arrington R Texas 19  
287 Don Bacon R Nebraska 2
288 Jim Banks R Indiana 3
289 Nanette Barragan D California 44
290 Jack Bergman R Michigan 1
291 Andy Biggs R Arizona 5
292 Lisa Blunt Rochester D Delaware at-large
293 Anthony G. Brown D Maryland 4
294 Ted Budd R North Carolina 13
295 Salud Carbajal D California 24
296 Liz Cheney R Wyoming at-large Republican Conference Chairwoman
297 Lou Correa D California 46
298 Charlie Crist D Florida 13
299 Val Demings D Florida 10
300 Neal Dunn R Florida 2
301 Adriano Espaillat D New York 13
302 Drew Ferguson R Georgia 3
303 Brian Fitzpatrick R Pennsylvania 1
304 Matt Gaetz R Florida 1
305 Mike Gallagher R Wisconsin 8
306 Vicente González D Texas 15
307 Josh Gottheimer D New Jersey 5
308 Clay Higgins R Louisiana 3
309 Trey Hollingsworth R Indiana 9
310 Pramila Jayapal D Washington 7
311 Mike Johnson R Louisiana 4
312 Ro Khanna D California 17
313 Raja Krishnamoorthi D Illinois 8
314 David Kustoff R Tennessee 8
315 Al Lawson D Florida 5
316 Roger Marshall R Kansas 1
317 Brian Mast R Florida 18
318 Donald McEachin D Virginia 4
319 Paul Mitchell R Michigan 10
320 Stephanie Murphy D Florida 7
321 Tom O'Halleran D Arizona 1
322 Jimmy Panetta D California 20
323 Jamie Raskin D Maryland 8
324 Francis Rooney R Florida 19
325 John Rutherford R Florida 4
326 Lloyd Smucker R Pennsylvania 11
327 Darren Soto D Florida 9
328 Thomas Suozzi D New York 3
329 Ron Estes R Kansas 4 April 11, 2017
330 Greg Gianforte R Montana at-large May 25, 2017
331 Jimmy Gomez D California 34 June 6, 2017
332 Ralph Norman R South Carolina 5 June 20, 2017
333 John Curtis R Utah 3 November 7, 2017
334 Conor Lamb D Pennsylvania 17 March 13, 2018
335 Debbie Lesko R Arizona 8 April 24, 2018
336 Michael Cloud R Texas 27 June 30, 2018
337 Troy Balderson R Ohio 12 August 7, 2018
338 Kevin Hern R Oklahoma 1 November 6, 2018
339 Joseph Morelle D New York 25
340 Mary Gay Scanlon D Pennsylvania 5
341 Susan Wild D Pennsylvania 7
342 Steven Horsford D Nevada 4 January 3, 2019 2013–2015
343 Colin Allred D Texas 32
344 Kelly Armstrong R North Dakota at-large
345 Cindy Axne D Iowa 3
346 Jim Baird R Indiana 4
347 Anthony Brindisi D New York 22
348 Tim Burchett R Tennessee 2
349 Sean Casten D Illinois 6
350 Gil Cisneros D California 39
351 Ben Cline R Virginia 6
352 T. J. Cox D California 21
353 Angie Craig D Minnesota 2
354 Dan Crenshaw R Texas 2
355 Jason Crow D Colorado 6
356 Joe Cunningham D South Carolina 1
357 Sharice Davids D Kansas 3
358 Madeleine Dean D Pennsylvania 4
359 Antonio Delgado D New York 19
360 Veronica Escobar D Texas 16
361 Abby Finkenauer D Iowa 1
362 Russ Fulcher R Idaho 1
363 Chuy García D Illinois 4
364 Sylvia Garcia D Texas 29
365 Jared Golden D Maine 2
366 Anthony Gonzalez R Ohio 16
367 Lance Gooden R Texas 5
368 Mark Green R Tennessee 7
369 Michael Guest R Mississippi 3
370 Deb Haaland D New Mexico 1
371 Jim Hagedorn R Minnesota 1
372 Josh Harder D California 10
373 Jahana Hayes D Connecticut 5
374 Kendra Horn D Oklahoma 5
375 Chrissy Houlahan D Pennsylvania 6
376 Dusty Johnson R South Dakota at-large
377 John Joyce R Pennsylvania 13
378 Andy Kim D New Jersey 3
379 Susie Lee D Nevada 3
380 Andy Levin D Michigan 9
381 Mike Levin D California 49
382 Elaine Luria D Virginia 2
383 Tom Malinowski D New Jersey 7
384 Ben McAdams D Utah 4
385 Lucy McBath D Georgia 6
386 Dan Meuser R Pennsylvania 9
387 Carol Miller R West Virginia 3
388 Debbie Mucarsel-Powell D Florida 26
389 Joe Neguse D Colorado 2
390 Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez D New York 14
391 Ilhan Omar D Minnesota 5
392 Lizzie Pannill Fletcher D Texas 7
393 Chris Pappas D New Hampshire 1
394 Greg Pence R Indiana 6
395 Dean Phillips D Minnesota 3
396 Katie Porter D California 45
397 Ayanna Pressley D Massachusetts 7
398 Guy Reschenthaler R Pennsylvania 14
399 Denver Riggleman R Virginia 5
400 John Rose R Tennessee 6
401 Max Rose D New York 11
402 Harley Rouda D California 48
403 Chip Roy R Texas 21
404 Kim Schrier D Washington 8
405 Donna Shalala D Florida 27
406 Mikie Sherrill D New Jersey 11
407 Elissa Slotkin D Michigan 8
408 Abigail Spanberger D Virginia 7
409 Ross Spano R Florida 15
410 Greg Stanton D Arizona 9
411 Pete Stauber R Minnesota 8
412 Bryan Steil R Wisconsin 1
413 Greg Steube R Florida 17
414 Haley Stevens D Michigan 11
415 Van Taylor R Texas 3
416 William Timmons R South Carolina 4
417 Rashida Tlaib D Michigan 13
418 Xochitl Torres Small D New Mexico 2
419 Lori Trahan D Massachusetts 3
420 David Trone D Maryland 6
421 Lauren Underwood D Illinois 14
422 Jeff Van Drew R[c] New Jersey 2
423 Michael Waltz R Florida 6
424 Steve Watkins R Kansas 2
425 Jennifer Wexton D Virginia 10
426 Ron Wright R Texas 6
427 Fred Keller R Pennsylvania 12 May 21, 2019
428 Dan Bishop R North Carolina 9 September 10, 2019
429 Greg Murphy R North Carolina 3
Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Previous service[b] Committee and leadership positions

Delegates[edit]

Rank Delegate Party District Seniority date Notes
1 Eleanor Holmes Norton D District of Columbia at-large January 3, 1991
2 Gregorio Sablan I[d] Northern Mariana Islands at-large January 3, 2009
3 Stacey Plaskett D United States Virgin Islands at-large January 3, 2015
4 Amata Coleman Radewagen R American Samoa at-large
5 Jenniffer González NPP/R Puerto Rico at-large January 3, 2017
6 Michael San Nicolas D Guam at-large January 3, 2019

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Delegates are non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives.
  2. ^ a b Members elected with substantial prior service receive credit for part of that service when calculating seniority.
  3. ^ a b A party change does not affect seniority.
  4. ^ Caucuses with the Democrats for the purpose of committee assignments.

References[edit]

External link[edit]