Sandnes kommune
View of the city
View of the city
Coat of arms of Sandnes kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Sandnes kommune
Rogaland within
Sandnes within Rogaland
Sandnes within Rogaland
Coordinates: 58°51′06″N 05°44′10″E / 58.85167°N 5.73611°E / 58.85167; 5.73611Coordinates: 58°51′06″N 05°44′10″E / 58.85167°N 5.73611°E / 58.85167; 5.73611
Administrative centreSandnes
 • Mayor (2011)Stanley Wirak (Ap)
 • Total304.04 km2 (117.39 sq mi)
 • Land285.07 km2 (110.07 sq mi)
 • Water18.97 km2 (7.32 sq mi)
Area rank275 in Norway
 • Total76,328
 • Rank7 in Norway
 • Density264.8/km2 (686/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1102
Official language formNeutral

About this soundSandnes  is a city and municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. It is the 7th largest city in Norway and it lies immediately south of the city of Stavanger, the 4th largest city in Norway. Together, the Stavanger/Sandnes area is the 3rd largest urban area in Norway.

Sandnes is part of the district of North-Jæren. The city is divided into 13 boroughs. The administrative centre of the city-municipality is located in the borough of Trones og Sentrum in the city centre. There are several village areas in the rural parts of the municipality including Hommersåk, Høle, Foss-Eikeland, Stokka, and Vatne.

The 304-square-kilometre (117 sq mi) municipality is the 275th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Sandnes is the 8th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 75,497. The municipality's population density is 264.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (686/sq mi) and its population has increased by 24.8% over the last decade.[2]


Map of the Stavanger/Sandnes region
View of the village of Hommersåk

The small port village of Sandnes was granted ladested (small seaport city) status in 1860. On 6 April 1861, the small city was separated from the municipality of Høyland to form a separate self-governing municipality of its own. Initially, the municipality had 440 residents. On 1 July 1957, a small part of Høyland municipality (population: 18) was transferred to the city of Sandnes.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1965, the city of Sandnes (population: 3,961) was merged with the municipality of Høyland (population: 20,353) and parts of the municipalities of Høle (population: 926) and Hetland (population: 2,077).[3]

On 1 January 2017, a small 350-decare (86-acre) area on the southwestern edge of the village of Solakrossen was transferred from Sandnes municipality to the neighboring municipality of Sola.[4]

On 1 January 2020, the neighboring municipalities of Sandnes and Forsand are scheduled to merge into one large municipality called Sandnes.[5]


The city is named after an old "Sandnæs" farm, since the city was built on its grounds. The first element is sand which means "sand" or "sandy beach" and the last element is nes which means "headland". The farm was located at the end of the Gandsfjorden where the city centre is located today.[6]


The coat-of-arms was granted on 21 April 1972. The arms show a white piece of pottery on a green background. Pottery was chosen since it was one of the main industries in the late 18th century. The symbol is a leirgauk, which in English would be a ceramic cuckoo-bird (leir(e)= clay/ceramic and gauk/gjøk = cuckoo-bird). The ceramic Sandnes-cuckoo (Norwegian: sandnesgauker) is an ocarina or simple flute which was made by the potteries in Sandnes and used to advertise their products. Later it also became a nickname for people from Sandnes.[7]


The city of Sandnes is located at the base of the Stavanger Peninsula, about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) south of the city of Stavanger, and these two cities have expanded so as to form a conurbation. The municipality of Sola is located to the west, Klepp and Time to the south, and Gjesdal and Forsand to the east. The fjord Gandsfjorden is situated north-south and ends in the centre of Sandnes. The international airport for Sandnes/Stavanger is situated in Sola. The Gandsfjorden runs along the western side of the municipality and the Høgsfjorden runs along the east side of the municipality.

The city-municipality of Sandnes is divided into 13 boroughs: Austrått, Figgjo, Ganddal, Hana, Høle, Lura, Malmheim og Soma, Riska, Sandved, Stangeland, Sviland, and Trones og Sentrum.

The landscape of the Sandnes and Stavanger region is quite flat. On the long west coast there are several beaches and further inland the land is raised to form low plains with some small peaks rising up to 400 to 500 metres (1,300 to 1,600 ft) above sea level. From Stavanger and Sandnes it is approximately one hour by car to alpine and skiing resorts. In Sandnes there are some easily accessible small mountain peaks, such as Dalsnuten and Lifjell, with a view over the Sandnes/Stavanger area. The renowned Lysefjorden is also easily accessible by car or boat. The lake Frøylandsvatnet, the river Figgjoelva, and the mountain Hanafjellet are all located in Sandnes.


Sandnes is located on the west coast of Norway. Here are some distances from Sandnes to other major cities in Norway:

2016 Nord-Jæren municipality debates[edit]

The Storting decided in 2013/2014 that the number of municipalities in Norway has to be lowered. The process is as of 26 May was still ongoing, with the last ballot to be counted on 30 May. If the municipalities of Sandnes, Stavanger and Sola merges, the new municipality will be called Nord-Jæren, after the geographic location of the three municipalities. The city council have said no to this merging, but the majority of the parties in the city council will with the people's opinion, in other words, if the result of the elections on 30 May says no, the grand majority of parties will also vote no for the merging to be decided and sent to the Fylkesmann (County Governor), and with that, end the Nord-Jæren debates. In the case of a no to the merging, an alternative solution is to merge Sandnes with the municipality of Forsand. Gjesdal municipality was a part of what the politicians call the "neighbour's talk", but the conversations between Sandnes and Gjesdal ended as an argument regarding tax on property. Sandnes did not want to introduce this tax, but Gjesdal did.

Sandnes is in a Norwegian perspective, a very well-run municipality.{


All municipalities in Norway, including Sandnes, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Sandnes is made up of 49 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[8]

Sandnes Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet18
 Progress PartyFremskrittspartiet12
 Conservative PartyHøyre8
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti5
 Green PartyMiljøpartiet De Grønne1
 Centre PartySenterpartiet2
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti1
 Liberal PartyVenstre2
Total number of members:49

Media gallery[edit]


Historical population
Source: Statistics Norway

Sandnes hosts a large array of retail shops of most kinds and is used by the neighbouring municipalities appreciating the service and wide range of selections. Sandnes is known as Norway's bicycle city, mainly due to the fact that the bicycle manufacturer Øglænd DBS was situated here for decades. The city offers a variety of routes for everyday riders and tourists. Since 1996, a public bicycle rental program has been in operation in the city.

The city has a vibrant industrial base, mainly in the Ganddal area in the south and the Lura and Forus area in the north along the municipal boundary with Stavanger. There is significant activity related to oil exploration in the North Sea and also some IT related companies. In this suburban region between Sandnes and Stavanger, malls and department stores have also been established. Among these malls is one of Norway's biggest malls, Kvadrat meaning "square" (although it is not square shaped anymore as it has expanded several times since it opened in 1984).

Around 30% of the population is employed in Stavanger (Q4 2004).[9] Sandnes was formerly known as the pottery town of Norway – due to the important ceramics industry based on the extensive occurrence of clay in the surroundings. The Vatneleiren military base is also located in Sandnes, just outside Vatne.

Culture and sports[edit]

Since 2016, the primary football team, Sandnes Ulf, has played in the second tier, 1. divisjon, of Norwegian professional football.

The major tourist attraction in Sandnes is the Science Factory (Vitenfabrikken). It is a 4,000-square-metre (43,000 sq ft) science museum with science and art exhibitions, a planetarium, sun telescopes, and chemistry shows.

Sandnes is the only city in Norway which is a member of the World Health Organization’s network of Healthy Cities. Sandnes and Stavanger were chosen along with Liverpool, United Kingdom, to be a European Capital of Culture for 2008.

Higher education facilities include Forus Upper Secondary School, Sandnes Upper Secondary School, Gand Upper Secondary School, Akademiet Upper Secondary School and Lundehaugen Upper Secondary School. In 2010 Forus and Lundehaugen were no longer upper secondary schools; Lundehaugen is now a high school. Most of Forus and Lundehaugen merged into a new school named Vågen.

Sandnes is also known for its Rugby League team, Sandnes Raiders which has supplied the Norwegian national team with players.


Sandnes Church
Hana Church

The Church of Norway has eight parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Sandnes. It is part of the Sandnes deanery in the Diocese of Stavanger.

Churches in Sandnes
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Bogafjell Bogafjell Church Bogafjell 2012
Gand Gand Church Sandved 1978
Julebygda Chapel Malmheim og Soma 1957
Hana Hana Church Hana 1997
Høle Høle Church Høle 1860
Høyland Høyland Church Austrått 1841
Sviland Chapel Sviland 1913
Lura Lura Church Lura 1987
Riska Riska Church Hommersåk 1999
Old Riska Church Hommersåk 1877
Sandnes Sandnes Church Sandnes sentrum 1882

Notable residents[edit]


  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-11-02.
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  4. ^ "Vedtak om endring av kommunegrensen mellom Sandnes og Sola kommuner, Rogaland" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-11-02.
  5. ^ "Kommunereformen" (in Norwegian). Forsand kommune. Retrieved 2017-11-04.
  6. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Sandnes" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2016-04-07.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2016-04-07.
  8. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015.
  9. ^ "Fakta om næringslivet i Sandnes". Sandnes Kommune.[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]