Romania in the Eurovision Song Contest

Romania
Romania
Member stationTVR
National selection events
Participation summary
Appearances20 (18 finals)
First appearance1994
Best result3rd: 2005, 2010
Worst result13th: 2019 SF
External links
TVR's official website
Romania's page at Eurovision.tv
Song contest current event.png For the most recent participation see
Romania in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019

Romania has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 20 times since its debut in 1994, and has placed in the top ten six times. Its best results were achieved by Luminița Anghel and Sistem in 2005, and by Paula Seling and Ovi in 2010, who both finished in third place. The National Selection (Romanian: Selecția Națională), a song contest that takes place every year in Romania, is used to select the country's entrant for that year's Eurovision Song Contest. Its voting system and format have changed over the years.

In 1993, the year before its first appearance, Romania attempted to debut in the contest, but came last in the pre-qualifying round. After successfully joining the following year, poor placements followed until 2002, resulting in relegation several times. This changed with the introduction of semi-finals to the contest in 2004, after which Romania qualified for the Grand Final every year except 2018 and 2019. In 2016, the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) suspended broadcaster Televiziunea Română (TVR) from all EBU member services due to repeated non-payment of debts, which in turn disqualified its entry from participating in the contest. Romania's most recent Grand Final appearance in 2017 saw Ilinca and Alex Florea reach seventh place.

Contest history[edit]

A man and a woman sitting at a table and smiling at the camera.
Paula Seling and Ovi (pictured) placed third with their 2010 entry "Playing with Fire".[1]

Romania unsuccessfully attempted to debut in the 1993 contest, selecting "Nu pleca" by Dida Drăgan for the pre-qualifying round Preselection for Millstreet (Slovenian: Kvalifikacija za Millstreet); Drăgan came in last place.[2] A non-qualification was also achieved in 1996 when there was a pre-qualifier for all countries excluding hosts Norway.[3][4] The Eurovision site does not count either year in Romania's list of appearances.[1] The country's first official participation occurred in 1994 when Dan Bittman's "Dincolo de nori" placed 21st in the contest's Grand Final. The following years saw similar low placements and non-participations in 1995, 1997, 1999 and 2001.[1]

Romania's first top ten result was achieved in 2002, when Monica Anghel and Marcel Pavel finished ninth with their song "Tell Me Why". The country placed within the top 20 every year from 2004 to 2015, claiming third place in 2005 with "Let Me Try" by Luminița Anghel and Sistem. As of 2019, this remains Romania's best result in the contest, alongside Paula Seling and Ovi's 2010 entry "Playing with Fire", which also finished third. Since 2010, the country's only other top ten placement was in 2017, when Ilinca and Alex Florea reached seventh place with "Yodel It!".[1] 2019 was broadcaster Televiziunea Română's (TVR) first year to significantly invest in a performance; the costs for the use of graphics and special effects during the show for Ester Peony's "On a Sunday" amounted to 100,000 euros.[5][6] Romania had previously introduced the first ever use of holograms at Eurovision in 2014.[7]

Romania has participated in the contest 20 times, having qualified for the final every year since the introduction of the semi-finals in 2004 except for 2018 and 2019.[1] In 2016 the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) suspended TVR from all EBU member services due to the repeated non-payment of debts and the threat of insolvency. This in turn disqualified their 2016 entry, "Moment of Silence" sung by Ovidiu Anton from participating in the contest.[8][9] It led to strong reactions against the decision from several observers.[10][11]

Selection process and accolades[edit]

The National Selection (Romanian: Selecția Națională), a song contest which takes place every year in Romania, has been used to select its entrant for the contest. The first edition was held in 1993, with the winner chosen by 1100 households in the country.[2] Since then, several voting procedures have been used, often combining televoting with the votes of a jury panel.[12][13][14] The selection of the winner either occurred during one show,[15] or through a varying amount of semi-finals.[13][16]

In 2008, Nico and Vlad won Romania's first and only Marcel Bezençon Award for "Pe-o margine de lume", in the Composer Award category,[17] and Sanda received the infamous Barbara Dex Award in 2004.[18] A number of Romania's Eurovision entries have experienced commercial success over the years. While "Let Me Try" reached number nine on the Romanian Top 100,[19] 2006's "Tornerò" by Mihai Trăistariu peaked within the top ten in Finland and Greece.[20][21] Elena's "The Balkan Girls" topped the Romanian chart in 2009, and similar success was attained by Mandinga's "Zaleilah" in 2012, obtaining number two in the country's Airplay 100 ranking and a Gold certification for digital downloads exceeding 10,000 copies in Romania.[22][23]

Contestants[edit]

Table key
Indicates a winner Winner
Indicates a second place Second place
Indicates a third place Third place
Last place
X
Withdrew/disqualified
Year Artist Language Title Final Points Semi Points
Dida Drăgan Romanian "Nu pleca" Failed to qualify
7 ◁
38
Dan Bittman Romanian "Dincolo de nori"
21
14
No semi-finals
Monica Anghel and Sincron Romanian "Rugă pentru pacea lumii" Failed to qualify
29 ◁
11
Mălina Olinescu Romanian "Eu cred"
22
6
No semi-finals
Taxi English "The Moon"
17
25
No semi-finals
Monica Anghel and Marcel Pavel English "Tell Me Why"
9
71
No semi-finals
Nicola English "Don't Break My Heart"
10
73
No semi-finals
Sanda English "I Admit"
18
18
Top 11 previous year[a]
Luminița Anghel and Sistem English "Let Me Try" double-dagger
3
158
1 Hash-tag
235
Mihai Trăistariu English, Italian "Tornerò"
4
172
Top 11 previous year[a]
Todomondo English, Italian, Spanish, Russian, French, Romanian "Liubi, Liubi, I Love You"
13
84
Top 10 previous year[a]
Nico and Vlad Romanian, Italian "Pe-o margine de lume"
20
45
7
94
Elena English "The Balkan Girls"
19
40
9
67
Paula Seling and Ovi English "Playing with Fire" double-dagger
3
162
4
104
Hotel FM English "Change"
17
77
4
111
Mandinga Spanish, English "Zaleilah"
12
71
3 double-dagger
120
Cezar English "It's My Life"
13
65
5
83
Paula Seling and Ovi English "Miracle"
12
72
2 dagger
125
Voltaj Romanian, English "De la capăt (All Over Again)"
15
35
5
89
Ovidiu Anton English "Moment of Silence" X Disqualified
Ilinca and Alex Florea English "Yodel It!"
7
282
6
174
The Humans English "Goodbye" Failed to qualify
11
107
Ester Peony English "On a Sunday" Failed to qualify
13
71

Related involvement[edit]

Heads of delegation[edit]

The public broadcaster of each participating country in the Eurovision Song Contest assigns a head of delegation as the EBU's contact person and the leader of their delegation at the event. The delegation, whose size can greatly vary, includes a head of press, the contestants, songwriters, composers and backing vocalists, among others.[25]

Year Head of delegation Ref.
Dan Manoliu
Liana Stanciu
Iuliana Marciuc
Smaranda Vornicu-Shalit

Jury members[edit]

A five-member jury panel consisting of music industry professionals is made up for every participating country for the semi-finals and Grand Final of the Eurovision Song Contest, ranking all entries except for their own country's contribution. The juries' votes add 50% to the overall result alongside televoting.[33]

Year 1st member 2nd member 3rd member 4th member 5th member Ref.
Mădălin Voicu Mirela Fugaru Mihai Stoica Alexandru Călin Geambasu Nico
Viorel Găvrilă Mihai Pocorschi Ovi Anca Lupeș Alexandra Cepraga
Luminița Anghel Mihai Trăistariu Tavi Colen Paula Seling Cezar
Nicu Patoi Anca Lupeș Sanda Cepraga Gabriel Cotabiță Mihai Alexandru
Ozana Barabancea Liana Stanciu Monica Anghel Andrei Kerestely Bogdan Păvlică

Commentators and spokespersons[edit]

For the show's broadcast on TVR,[1] various commentators and dual commentators have been hired throughout the years, with Leonard Miron notably having done the job on seven occasions.[39] At Eurovision, after all points are calculated, the presenters of the show call upon each voting country to invite their respective spokesperson to announce the results of their vote on-screen.[40]

Year Commentator Dual commentator Spokesperson Refs.
Gabriela Cristea None Cristina Țopescu [41][42]
Leonard Miron None Anca Țurcașiu [39][43]
Leonard Miron None Did not participate [39]
Leonard Miron None Andreea Marin [39][44]
Leonard Miron Unknown Did not participate [39]
Unknown Unknown Leonard Miron [45]
Unknown Unknown Leonard Miron [46]
Unknown Unknown Andreea Marin [47]
Unknown Unknown Berti Barbera [48]
Unknown Unknown Andreea Marin Bănică [49]
Unknown Unknown Andreea Marin Bănică [50]
Leonard Miron Unknown Alina Sorescu [39][51]
Unknown Unknown Alina Sorescu [52]
Leonard Miron Gianina Corondan Malvina Cservenschi [39][53][54]
Liana Stanciu Bogdan Pavlică Malvina Cservenschi [55][56]
Leonard Miron Gianina Corondan Paula Seling [39][57][58]
Liana Stanciu None Sonia Argint-Ionescu [59][60][61]
Unknown Unknown Sonia Argint-Ionescu [62][61]
Unknown Unknown Sonia Argint-Ionescu [40][61]
Liana Stanciu Radu Andrei Tudor Sonia Argint-Ionescu [63][64][61]
Liliana Ștefan Radu Andrei Tudor Sonia Argint-Ionescu [65][66][61]
Liana Stanciu Bogdan Stănescu Ilinca [67][68]

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c According to the then-Eurovision rules, the top ten non-Big Four countries from the previous year along with the Big Four automatically qualified for the Grand Final without having to compete in semi-finals. For example, if two Big Four countries were placed inside the top ten, the 11th and 12th spots would be advanced to next year's Grand Final, along with all countries ranked in the top ten.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Romania – Eurovision Song Contest". European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Archived from the original on 13 May 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b Mincan, Mihai (18 May 2013). "Prima participare a României la Eurovision: "capcana culturală" Dida Drăgan" [Romania's first participation at Eurovision: the "cultural trap" Dida Drăgan]. Adevărul (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 2 July 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Rumänien: Monica Anghel und Marcel Pavel" [Romania: Monica Anghel and Marcel Pavel] (in German). ARD. Archived from the original on 10 February 2018. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  5. ^ "Romania: Significant Investments Made in Special Staging Effects". Eurovoix. 3 May 2019. Archived from the original on 4 May 2019. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Bugetul pentru show-urile României la Eurovision este de 100.000 de euro" [The budget for Romania's shows at Eurovision amounts to 100,000 euro] (in Romanian). Romania24. 3 May 2019. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  7. ^ "60 years of Eurovision in 8 tech-aways". Progressive Digital Media Technology News. 22 May 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via ProQuest. (subscription required)
  8. ^ "TVR (Romania) no longer entitled to take part in Eurovision 2016". European Broadcasting Union. 22 April 2016. Archived from the original on 22 April 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
  9. ^ "Romania, descalificata de la Eurovision din cauza datoriilor TVR. Ce alte urmari ar putea avea decizia EBU" [Romania, disqualified from Eurovision because of TVR's debts. See what consequences EBU's decision could have] (in Romanian). Pro TV. 22 April 2016. Archived from the original on 16 May 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  10. ^ Albinsson, Mathilde (22 April 2016). "Efter uteslutningen av Rumänien i Eurovision – nu rasar fansen" [After the Romanian disqualification – the fans are raging] (in Swedish). Sveriges Television. Archived from the original on 24 April 2016. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
  11. ^ Arvunescu, Victor (15 May 2016). "Ovidiu Anton, despre rezultatul Eurovision 2016: "Dacă nu eşti controversat, nu exişti în showbiz"" [Ovidiu Anton, about Eurovision 2016: "If you don't have controversy, you don't exist"]. Adevărul (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 2017-09-03. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  12. ^ Lupu, Gabriela (9 March 2015). "Eurovision 2015. Prima selecție națională fără scandal" [Eurovision 2015. The first national selection without scandal]. România Liberă (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 25 December 2015. Retrieved 25 December 2015.
  13. ^ a b "Eurovision 2018: Regulament privind Selecția Națională" [Eurovision 2018: Rules regarding the National Selection] (in Romanian). TVR. 15 November 2017. Archived from the original on 15 November 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  14. ^ Marica, Irina. "Eurovision Romania national selection: 24 songs in the semifinals". Romania-Insider. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  15. ^ "Eurovision 2015 Regulation" (PDF). TVR. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 February 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  16. ^ Honciuc, Bogdan (12 February 2017). "Selectia Nationala 2017: Jury picks 15 semi-finalists for Romania". Wiwibloggs. Archived from the original on 18 February 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  17. ^ Floras, Stella (27 May 2008). "The 2008 Bezençon Awards winners". ESC Today. Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  18. ^ "Barbara Dex Award - Die Gewinner seit 1997" [Barbara Dex Award – The winners since 1997] (in German). ARD. 12 May 2018. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  19. ^ "Ediția 34, săptămâna 29.08 – 04.09, 2005" (in Romanian). Romanian Top 100. Archived from the original on 1 September 2005. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  20. ^ "Mihai: Tornero" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  21. ^ "Top 50 Singles – 27/8 – 2/9/2006". IFPI Greece. Archived from the original on 1 September 2006. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  22. ^ "Airplay 100 – 13 mai 2012". Media Forest (in Romanian). Kiss FM. 13 May 2012. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  23. ^ Ghiță, Oana (13 July 2012). "Mandinga a primit Discul de Aur pentru 10.000 de descărcări digitale ale hitului "Zaleilah"" [Manding were awarded a Gold certification for the digital downloads of their hit "Zaleilah" amounting to 10,000 copies] (in Romanian). Mediafax. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  24. ^ "Rules of the Eurovision Song Contest 2005". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 10 February 2006. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  25. ^ "Heads of Delegation". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  26. ^ Firtat, Simona (23 March 2005). "Ne permitem sa castigam Eurovision-ul?" [Do we afford winning Eurovision?] (in Romanian). BaniiNostri.ro. Retrieved 17 June 2019 – via HotNews.ro.
  27. ^ Busa, Alexandru (31 May 2012). "Romania most likely to participate in 2013". EscToday. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  28. ^ Honciuc, Bogdan (12 March 2013). "Will Romania's Cezar Make the Grand Final?". Wiwibloggs. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  29. ^ Honciuc, Bogdan (10 April 2014). "Romanian Government Backs Paula Seling and Ovi's Miracle". Wiwibloggs. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  30. ^ "Voltaj, first day in Vienna (Romania)". ESCKaz. 12 May 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  31. ^ "Romanian 'Selecţia Naţională' this year live from Baia Mare". European Broadcasting Union. 2 February 2016. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  32. ^ a b c "Romania: TVR appoints Smaranda Vornicu-Shalit as new Head of Delegation". EscToday. 9 January 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  33. ^ "Exclusive: These are the judges who will vote in Eurovision 2019". European Broadcasting Union. 30 April 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  34. ^ "Full Split Results". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 6 June 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  35. ^ Weaver, Jessica (1 May 2015). "Eurovision 2015: National jury members revealed". EscToday. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  36. ^ "Results of the Second Semi-Final of Kyiv 2017". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  37. ^ "Results of the Second Semi-Final of Lisbon 2018". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  38. ^ "Results of the Second Semi-Final of Tel Aviv 2019". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  39. ^ a b c d e f g h "Leonard Miron iubeşte de 10 ani acelaşi bărbat" [Leonard Miron has loved the same man for 10 years]. Libertatea (in Romanian). 26 February 2013. Archived from the original on 15 April 2018. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  40. ^ a b Eurovision Song Contest 2015. Vienna, Austria. 23 May 2015.
  41. ^ Vacaru, Clara (2 October 2015). "Abia o recunoşti! Cum arăta Gabi Cristea în urmă cu 20 de ani, la debutul în televiziune" [You can barely recognize her! How did Gabi Cristea look 20 years ago when she made her television debut]. Libertatea (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 19 March 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  42. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 1994. Dublin, Ireland. 30 April 1994.
  43. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 1998. Birmingham, United Kingdom. 9 May 1998.
  44. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2000. Stockholm, Sweden. 13 May 2000.
  45. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2002. Tallinn, Estonia. 25 May 2002.
  46. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2003. Riga, Latvia. 24 May 2003.
  47. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2004. Istanbul, Turkey. 15 May 2004.
  48. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2005. Kiev, Ukraine. 21 May 2005.
  49. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2006. Athens, Greece. 20 May 2006.
  50. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2007. Helsinki, Finland. 12 May 2007.
  51. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2008. Belgrade, Serbia. 24 May 2008.
  52. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2009. Moscow, Russia. 14 May 2009.
  53. ^ Brumariu, Maria-Clara (12 June 2010). "Gianina Corondan nu pleacă de la TVR şi vrea să revină în muzică" [Gianina Corondan does not leave TVR and wants to make a comeback in music]. Click! (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 15 April 2018. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  54. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2010. Oslo, Norway. 27 May 2010.
  55. ^ Simionescu, Anca (13 May 2011). "România și Moldova, umăr la umăr în finala Eurovision 2011" [Romania and Moldova, side to side at the final of Eurovision 2011]. Evenimentul Zilei (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 15 April 2018. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  56. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2011. Düsseldorf, Germany. 14 May 2011.
  57. ^ "Eurovision 2012: Suedia este marele câştigător" [Eurovision 2012: Sweden is the big winner] (in Romanian). Oglinda de Vest. 27 May 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  58. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2012. Baku, Azerbaijan. 26 May 2012.
  59. ^ "Mesajul lui Cezar Oatu inainte de finala Eurovision 2013" [Cezar Oatu's message ahead of Eurovision 2013]. Gândul (in Romanian). 18 May 2013. Archived from the original on 15 April 2018. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  60. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2013. Malmö, Sweden. 18 May 2013.
  61. ^ a b c d e "Romania: Sonia Argint-Ionescu Returns For Her Fifth Eurovision". Eurovoix. 2 May 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  62. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2014. Copenhagen, Denmark. 10 May 2014.
  63. ^ "Cât de sus va "yodeli" România în Finala Eurovision 2017?" [How high will Romania "yodel" in the final of Eurovision 2017?] (in Romanian). Eurovision România. 13 May 2017. Archived from the original on 19 May 2017. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  64. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2017. Kiev, Ukraine. 13 May 2017.
  65. ^ "The Humans, în această seară pe scena Eurovision" [The Humans, tonight on the Eurovision stage] (in Romanian). TVR. 10 May 2018. Archived from the original on 10 May 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  66. ^ "Program TV" (in Romanian). TVR. Archived from the original on 5 May 2018. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  67. ^ "Ester Peony concurează pe scena celui mai urmărit concurs muzical al planetei" [Ester Peony competes on the stage of the most viewed music contest on the planet] (in Romanian). TVR. 16 May 2019. Archived from the original on 16 May 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  68. ^ Christou, Constantinos (4 May 2019). "Romania: Ilinca announced as spokesperson!". ESCXtra. Retrieved 4 May 2019.