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Diocese of Civitavecchia-Tarquinia
|Ecclesiastical province||Immediately subject to the Holy See|
|Area||876 km2 (338 sq mi)|
|(as of 2016)|
106,200 (guess) (97.3%)
|Established||20 December 1825|
|Cathedral||Cattedrale di S. Francesco d’Assisi (Civitavecchia)|
|Co-cathedral||Concattedrale di Ss. Margherita e Martino (Tarquinia)|
|Secular priests||50 (diocesan)|
23 (Religious Orders)
16 Permanent Deacons
The Italian Catholic Diocese of Civitavecchia-Tarquinia (Latin: Dioecesis Centumcellarum-Tarquiniensis) is in Lazio, and has existed under this name since 1986. The diocese is directly subject to the Holy See.
In 314 Epictetus, its bishop, was present at the Council of Arles. Another Epictetus, Bishop of Centumcellæ towards the middle of the fourth century, was an Arian and a counsellor of Emperor Constantius.
In 813, Centumcellae suffered a massive attack by the Moors; the city was captured, sacked, and burned. The survivors wandered for forty years in the forests and mountains. Pope Leo IV, needing a secure port on the Tyrrhenian Sea, built a new fortified city 13 km (8 mi) away from the ruins of Centumcellae, which he dedicated in 853. The inhabitants preferred the old location of their town, and gradually returned and rebuilt.
By 1092 Civitavecchia e Toscanella was united with the diocese of Viterbo in the person of Bishop Riccardus, who died in that year or earlier. Carlo Calisse points out that there is no evidence at all from 1050 to 1093 concerning the bishops of Civitavecchia, during which time the change must have taken place. A bull of Pope Celestine V, however, mentions that Pope Celestine III carried out the union, "just as was contained in the documents of his predecessor." Paul Fridolin Kehr points out that Cardinal Joannes of S. Clemente signs himself "Tuscanensis episcopus" until August 1192, and then from 4 October 1192 signs himself "Viterbiensis et Tuscanensis episcopus. The diocese of Civitavecchia was not suppressed but was held by a bishop who held three dioceses ad the same time.
On 12 December 1825, in the bull "De Dominici Gregis", Pope Leo XII re-established the see, separating its territory from the diocese of Viterbo and uniting it to the diocese of Porto and Santa Rufina.
In 1854 the union with Santa Rufina was severed, and Civitavecchia was united with the diocese of Corneto (Tarquinia). From 1854 to 1986, the united dioceses were known as Tarquinia e Civitaveccia.
In a decree of the Second Vatican Council, it was recommended that dioceses be reorganized to take into account modern developments. A project begun on orders from Pope John XXIII, and continued under his successors, was intended to reduce the number of dioceses in Italy and to rationalize their borders in terms of modern population changes and shortages of clergy. The change was made urgent because of changes made to the Concordat between the Italian State and the Holy See on 18 February 1984, and embodied in a law of 3 June 1985. The change was approved by Pope John Paul II in an audience of 27 September 1986, and by a decree of the Sacred Congregation of Bishops of the Papal Curia on 30 September 1986. The dioceses of Tarquinia and Civitavecchia, which had up to that point shared a single bishop while retaining two diocesan structures, were united into a single diocese. Its name was to be Dioecesis Centumcellarum-Tarquiniensis. The seat of the diocese was to be in Civitavecchia. The former cathedral in Tarquinia was to have the honorary title of co-cathedral, and its Chapter was to be the Capitulum Concathedralis. There was to be only one episcopal curia, one seminary, one ecclesiastical tribunal; and all the clergy were to be incardinated in the diocese of Civitavecchia-Tarquinia. Bishop Girolamo Grillo continued as bishop of the newly united diocese.
- (attested 314) : Epictetus
- (attested 356, 359) : Epictetus (Arian)
- (attested 559): Laurentius
- (attested 590, 595, 596, 601) : Dominicus
- (attested 769) : Stephanus
- (attested 649) : Martinus
- (attested 826) : Petrus
- (attested 853, 861) : Dominicus
- (attested 940) : Valentinus
- (attested 1015) : Petrus
- (attested 1036, 1050) : Azo
- (dead in 1092) : Riccardus
Bishops of Civitavecchia e Tarquinia
- (1854–1868) : Camillo de’ Marchesi Bisleti
- (1868–1882) : Francesco Giuseppe Gandolfi
- (1882–1906) : Angelo Rossi
- (1907–1910) : Beda Giovanni Cardinale, O.S.B.
- (1910–1917) : Pacifico Fiorani
- (1917–1925) : Luca Piergiovanni
- (1926–1931) : Emilio Maria Cottafavi
- (1932–1944) : Luigi Drago
- (1945–1976) : Giulio Bianconi
- (1976–1983) : Antonio Mazza
Bishops of Civitavecchia-Tarquinia
- (1983–2006) : Girolamo Grillo
- (2006–2010) : Carlo Chenis, S.D.B.
- (2010–present): Luigi Marrucci
- "Diocese of Civitavecchia-Tarquinia" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved October 7, 2016
- "Diocese of Civitavecchia-Tarquinia" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved October 7, 2016
- Liber Pontificalis, ed. Louis Duchesne, I, 150-52.
- C. Munier, Concilia Galliae, A. 314 – A. 506 (Turnholt: Brepols 1963), p. 15: "Acpitetus episcopus a Centocellis."; p. 17: "Ex Gentium cellis Epictatus episcopus."; p. 19: "Et a Centucellis Epistitus episcopus."; p. 20: "A Centumcellas Epictatus episcopus."
- Einhard, Annales, a. 813: "Mauri Centumcellas, Tusciae civitatem, vastaverunt": (Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptorum Tomus I, Annales_et_Chronica_Aevi_Carolini, p. 200).
- Philippe Lauer, "La cité carolingienne de Cencelle (Léopolis)," Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire 20 (Paris 1900), p. 147.
- Ughelli, X, p. 1402.
- Calisse, p. 109. The bull of union of Pope Celestine III does not survive, but there are references to it in bulls of Pope Innocent III (1207) and Celestine V (1294).
- Celestine III became pope in March or April 1191. Ughelli, Italia sacra Volume I, p. 1402: "...prout in ipsius predecessoris literis plenius continetur."
- Kehr, Italia pontificia II, p. 208.
- Calisse, pp. 106-107.
- Leo XII (1854). Bullarii Romani continuatio (in Latin). Tomus decimus sextus. Rome. pp. 363–366, no. CXIII.
- No bishops of Corneto are known for the ancient Christian period; it was made a diocese in 1435. Umberto Benigni (1908), "Civitavecchia and Corneto," The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 3 (New York: Robert Appleton Company); retrieved: 22 May 2019.
- David M. Cheney, Catholic-Hierarchy.org, "Civitavecchia"; retrieved: 22 May 2019.[self-published source]
- Directoriae normae clare a Concilio impertitae de dioecesium recognitione; indicia atque elementa apta ad actionem pastoralem aestimandam ab episcopis suppeditata quibus plurium dioecesium regimen commissum est.
- Acta Apostolicae Sedis An. et Vol. LXXIX (Città del Vaticano: Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis 1987), pp. 682-685.
- Ughelli, Italia sacra X, p. 56. Gams, p. XI. Lanzoni, p. 520 no. 1.
- Ughelli, Italia sacra X, p. 56. Gams, p. XI. Lanzoni, pp. 520-521 no. 2.
- Ughelli, Italia sacra X, p. 56. Gams, p. XI. Lanzoni, p. 521 no. 3.
- Ughelli, Italia sacra X, p. 56. Gams, p. XI. Lanzoni, p. 520 no. 4.
- Pope Pelagius I (556–561) wrote to Bishop Laurentius, ordering him to carry out ordinations. Cappelletti, p. 532. Kehr, Italia pontificia II, p. 201 no. 1.
- Cappelletti, p. 532. J. Fraikin, "Anagni," Dictionnaire d'histoire et de geographie ecclesiastiques Tome deuxième (Paris: Letouzey 1914), p. 1422.
- Bishop Stephanus attended the Lateran council of Pope Stephen III in 769. J.D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus XII, p. 715, records the presence of a bishop of Centumcellae at the Lateran Council of 769, but not his name. The name Stephen is provided in manuscripts used by Albert Merninghoff, in: Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Legum sectio III Concilia, Tomi II, pars prior (Hannover Hahn 1904), pp. 75 line 28; 81 line 3: "Stephanus episcopus civitate Centumcellas".
- Bishop Dominicus was present at the Roman synod of December 853. He was also present at the synod of Ravenna of 861. J.D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus XIV, p. 1020; Tomus XV, pp. 603-604. Cappelletti, p. 533. Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Concilia Tomus III, Die Konzilien der karolingischen Teilreiche DCCCXLIII – DCCCLIX, (Wilfried Hartmann, ed.), Hannover: Hahn 1984, p. 336.
- The chronicle of the Abbey of Farfa records that Bishop Valentinus consecrated the church of S. Maria al Mignone, which belonged to the abbey: ".... et nominatim Valentinus centumcellensis aepiscopus ipsam ecclesìam consecravit ...." Calisse, p. 105.
- Bishop Petrus attended the Roman synod of Pope Benedict VIII on 3 January 1015. Schwartz, p. 257.
- Bishop Azo was present at the Roman synod of Pope Benedict IX on 2 November 1036. He was also present at the Roman synod of Pope Leo IX on 2 May 1050. Schwartz, p. 257.
- A commemorative inscription in the church of S. Pietro (the former cathedral of Toscanella), dated 1093, reads: RICCARDUS PRAESUL TUSCANUS CENTUMCELLICUS ATQUE BLEDANUS. Calisse, p. 107, note 1. Ughelli, p. 57. Schwartz, p. 256. Ughelli, Italia sacra X, p. 180, reports: "Ricardus praesul Tuscanus, Centumcellicus, et Bleranus erat an. 1086, ex quoddam donationis documento die 4. septembris eijusdem anni." By 4 October 1192, the Bishop of Viterbo and Tuscanella was Cardinal Joannes of S. Clemente (Kehr, II, p. 208).
- Cardinale was appointed titular Archbishop of Laodicea in Phrygia on 3 Feb 1910
- On 12 May 1917 Fiorani was appointed Bishop of Osimo e Cingoli.
- On 20 Aug 1983 Mazza was appointed Bishop of Piacenza.
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1913). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 1 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) (in Latin)
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1914). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 2 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.); Gulik, Guilelmus (1923). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 3 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Gams, Pius Bonifatius (1873). Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo (in Latin). Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz.
- Gauchat, Patritius (Patrice) (1935). Hierarchia catholica IV (1592-1667). Münster: Libraria Regensbergiana. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1952). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi V (1667-1730). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1958). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi VI (1730-1799). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
- Calisse, Carlo (1898). Storia di Civitavecchia. Firenze : Barbèra. (in Italian)
- Kehr, Paul Fridolin (1907). Italia pontificia (in Latin). Vol. II. Latium. Berlin: Apud Weidmannos. pp. 200–203.
- Lanzoni, Francesco (1927). Le diocesi d'Italia dalle origini al principio del secolo VII (an. 604). Faenza: F. Lega, pp. 519-521. (in Italian)
- Schwartz, Gerhard (1907). Die Besetzung der Bistümer Reichsitaliens unter den sächsischen und salischen Kaisern: mit den Listen der Bischöfe, 951-1122. Leipzig: B.G. Teubner. pp. 257-258. (in German)
- Ughelli, Ferdinando; Coleti, Niccolo (1722). Italia sacra (in Latin). Tomus decimus. Venice: Apud Sebastianum Coleti. pp. 55–57.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Civitavecchia and Corneto". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.