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In Islamic philosophy, the qalb (Arabic: قلب), or heart, is the origin of intentional activities, the cause behind all of humans intuitive deeds. While the brain handles the physical impressions, qalb (the heart) is responsible for apprehending. Heart and brain work together, but it is the heart where true knowledge can be received.
Stages of taming qalb
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- Zuhd or abstention from evil
- Taqwa or God-consciousness
- War' a or attempt to get away from things that are not related to Allah.
- Tawakkul or being content with whatever Allah gives
- Sabır or patience regarding whatever Allah fe Subhan ta'âlâ does
- Shukr or gratefulness for whatever Allah gives
- Raza or seeking the happiness of Allah
- Khauf or fear of Allah's wrath
- Rija or hope of Allah's blessing
- Yaqeen or complete faith in Allah
- Ikhlas or purity of intention
- Sidq or bearing the truth of Allah
- Muraqabah or total focus on Allah
- Khulq or humbleness for Allah
- Dhikr or remembrance of Allah
- Khuloot or isolation from everyone except Allah
- Treiger, Alexander (2011). Inspired Knowledge in Islamic Thought: Al-Ghazali's Theory of Mystical Cognition and Its Avicennian Foundation. Routledge. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-136-65562-3.
- von Grunebaum, Gustave E. (2010). Medieval Islam: A Study in Cultural Orientation. University of Chicago Press. p. 116. ISBN 978-0-226-86492-1.
- Rassool, G. Hussein (2015). Islamic Counselling: An Introduction to Theory and Practice. Routledge. p. 41. ISBN 978-1-317-44125-0.