|Province of the Episcopal Church of South Sudan|
|Primate||Justin Badi Arama|
|Headquarters||Juba, South Sudan|
The Province of the Episcopal Church of South Sudan, formerly known as Episcopal Church of Sudan, is a province of the Anglican Communion located in South Sudan. The province consists of eight Internal Provinces (each led by an archbishop) and 61 dioceses (each headed by a bishop). The current archbishop and primate is the Most Rev. Justin Badi Arama. It received the current naming after the inception of the Province of the Episcopal Church of Sudan, on 30 July 2017.
The episcopal see of the Archbishop of South Sudan is at Juba. The incumbent serves the whole church as its Primate, but is Metropolitan archbishop only for his own diocese (Juba), as the diocese of Juba stands alone as extra-provincial. He is titled "Archbishop & Primate of South Sudan, and Bishop of Juba". He represents the province to the rest of the Anglican Communion, and serves on the international Primates' Meeting.
In January 2018, the Episcopal Church of South Sudan elected Bishop Justin Badi Arama of the Diocese of Maridi to serve as its archbishop, succeeding Archbishop Daniel Deng Bul, who retired after serving ten years in the office.
All other dioceses (apart from Juba) are part of one of the eight internal provinces, each headed by an Archbishop.
There have been five primate archbishops since the province was created in 1976.
- Archbishops of Sudan and South Sudan (united as a single province)
- Elinana J. Ngalamu, 1976–1988
- Benjamin Wani Yugusuk, 1988–1998
- Joseph Marona, 2000–2007
- Daniel Deng Bul, 2008–2017
- Archbishops of South Sudan (following separation from Sudan, in the north)
The first major Anglican mission in Sudan was founded in Omdurman in 1899, under the auspices of the Church Mission Society. The mission led to widespread conversion to Christianity throughout southern Sudan. Missionary activity came first under the Diocese in Jerusalem, and then, in 1920, as part of the new Diocese of Egypt and the Sudan, with Llewellyn Henry Gwynne as its first bishop. As the pace of growth continued, a separate Diocese of the Sudan was formed with its own bishop in 1945. In 1957, oversight for the Diocese of the Sudan was transferred from the Archbishop of Canterbury to the Archbishop in Jerusalem. In 1974, when the Episcopal Church in Jerusalem and the Middle East underwent structural reform, Sudan became an independent province of four dioceses.
Due to continued growth and displacement due to the Second Sudanese Civil War, the province had 11 dioceses by 1993 and has subsequently continued to grow. Many of the dioceses are small. The Episcopal Church of Sudan played a prominent role in the peace process in Sudan.
At the secession of South Sudan, in 2011, the combined province had 5 large dioceses covering Sudan (Khartoum, Port Sudan, El Obeid, Wad Medani and Kdugli), and 26 dioceses in South Sudan. With an estimated number of four and a half million members, with three and a half million of these in the south, the Episcopal Church of the Sudan accounted for almost half of South Sudan's population.
The Episcopal Church of Sudan renamed itself as the Province of the Episcopal Church of South Sudan and Sudan at the meeting that took place in Bor, South Sudan, from 27 to 30 November 2013. It was decided at the same meeting to divide the Church into nine internal provinces – one in Sudan, and eight in South Sudan. One of these internal provinces would be the Central Equatorial Internal Province, whose first archbishop was Paul Pitya Benjamin Yugusuk, son of the late Primate Benjamin Wani Yugusuk, enthroned in Juba on 23 July 2017.
Creation of the new province
At the November 2013 Synod it was resolved to create an internal (or metropolitical) Province comprising the dioceses of Sudan, and other internal provinces in South Sudan, but to maintain the overall unity of the church across Sudan and South Sudan. The Internal Province of the Episcopal Church of Sudan was created, comprising the 5 dioceses situated in Northern Sudan, of which Ezekiel Kondo, the Bishop of Khartoum, was elected the first archbishop on 4 April 2014.
Many in Sudan maintained a longer term view of separating this internal province from South Sudan to full autonomy, with the expectation that the metropolitan archbishop would ultimately become archbishop primate of the new autonomous church. In 2016 a formal application was made to the Anglican Consultative Council (ACC) for the internal province of Sudan to be granted autonomy, and in July 2016 a team led by the archbishop of Adelaide and the vice chairman of the ACC carried out a fact-finding mission in northern Sudan. This team reported back to the ACC to enable a formal response to the application for autonomy. In March 2017 it was announced that the ACC had decided that the internal province of Sudan would become the 39th province of the Anglican Communion, with Ezekiel Kondo, Archbishop of Khartoum, as the first archbishop and primate. The constitution of the new province took place on 30 July 2017, in the presence of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby. Since that date, the larger part of the original province has been styled the Province of the Episcopal Church of South Sudan.
In September 2018 the province lost one of its younger bishops in an aeroplane crash. The Bishop of Yirol, the Rt Revd Simon Adut Yuang, was killed when the aircraft crashed into a lake near Yirol Airport. There were 23 people on board the aeroplane, of whom 20 were killed, including the bishop.
The Episcopal Church of South Sudan has 58 dioceses; 57 grouped in 8 internal provinces, and one extra-provincial diocese.
- Archbishop and Primate of South Sudan
- Diocese of Juba (extra-provincial)
- Archbishop of Amadi
- Archbishop of Central Equatoria
- Diocese of Kajo Keji
- Diocese of Lainya
- Episcopal Area of Liwolo (under formation into a diocese)
- Diocese of Lomega
- Diocese of Morobo
- Episcopal Area of Mundu (under formation into a diocese)
- Episcopal Area of Panyana (under formation into a diocese)
- Diocese of Rejaf
- Diocese of Rokon
- Diocese of Terekeka
- Diocese of Wondurba
- Diocese of Yei
- Archbishop of Eastern Bahr el Ghazal
- Archbishop of Eastern Equatoria (Eastern Equatoria Internal Province)
- Diocese of Kapoeta
- Diocese of Magwi
- Diocese of Nimule
- Diocese of Torit (Archbishop)
- Archbishop of Jonglei
- Archbishop of Northern Bahr el Ghazal
- Archbishop of Upper Nile (Upper Nile Internal Province)
- Archbishop of Western Equatoria (Western Equatoria Internal Province)
Ordination of women
In January 2018, it was revealed that Elizabeth Awut Ngor had been consecrated on 31 December 2016 by Daniel Deng Bul, to serve as an assistant bishop in the Diocese of Rumbek. This made the Episcopal Church of South Sudan the first GAFCON-aligned province of the Anglican Communion to have consecrated a woman as a bishop. The consecration remains controversial, being contrary to GAFCON policy which does not permit women to be ordained as bishops.
The Episcopal Church of South Sudan is a member of the Global Anglican Future Conference and the Global South, and as such has been involved in the Anglican realignment. The House of Bishops of the Episcopal Church of Sudan decided to break communion with the Episcopal Church from the United States, because of their acceptance of non-celibate homosexuality, at their General Synod, held in 14–16 November 2011, declaring itself at the same time in full communion with the Anglican Church in North America. It was decided still to "work with those parishes and dioceses in TEC who are Evangelical orthodox churches and faithful to God". Archbishop Robert Duncan of the ACNA spent the three days of Easter, at 19–21 March 2013, in the province, at invitation of Archbishop Daniel Deng of the Episcopal Church of Sudan. Ezekiel Kondo, of the Internal Province of Sudan, was one of the eight Anglican archbishops that attended Foley Beach enthronement, which took place on 9 October 2014, at the Church of the Apostles, in Atlanta, United States. The House of Bishops decided to formally recognize and to forge a closer relationship with ACNA, following their meeting, held in 25–28 November 2015. At the same time, it was decided to end any formal ties with the Episcopal Church, due to their resolutions that redefined marriage and are not in conformity with the Scriptures, in their view. The House of Bishops also recommended that their Provincial Synod severed any relationship with other province or diocese that approves the blessing of same-sex unions, like the Anglican Church of Canada and the Anglican Episcopal Church of Brazil. They also encouraged all the South Sudanese and Sudanese "diaspora congregations" in the United States to join, wherever possible, ACNA.
The province was represented at GAFCON III, that took place in Jerusalem, on 17–22 June 2018, by a 26 members delegation. Archbishop Justin Badi Arama was registered to attend but wasn't able to get a visa.
- Davies, Madeleine (14 September 2018). "New Primate of South Sudan: 'Peace is deeper than a piece of paper'". The Church Times. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
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- A joyous day in Juba as the first internal provincial Archbishop is enthroned, Anglican Communion News Service, 26 July 2017
- "Sudan synod rejects call to divide: The Church of England Newspaper, December 13, 2013". Conger. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
- "An Archbishop for Northern Sudan". Retrieved 5 March 2015.
- Report on visiting team at ACNS.
- Sudan announced as a new Province within the Anglican Communion, Anglican Communion News Service, 10 March 2017
- Celebration as Sudan becomes Anglican Communion 39th province, Anglican Communion News Service, 31 July 2017
- Celebrations in Sudan as new internal provincial Archbishop enthroned, Anglican Communion News Service, 28 July 2014
- List of the Dioceses of the Province of the Episcopal Church of South Sudan at the Anglican Communion Official Website
- "First woman bishop for GAFCON province". Anglican Ink. 3 February 2018. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
- Sudan breaks with the Episcopal Church, Anglican Mainstream, 27 December 2011 Archived 19 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Anglican Church in North America". Retrieved 5 March 2015.
- "Anglican Church in North America". Retrieved 5 March 2015.
- "ATLANTA: 2000 Anglicans Participate in Historic Investiture of New Anglican Archbishop - Virtueonline – The Voice for Global Orthodox Anglicanism". Retrieved 5 March 2015.
- Anglican Church of South Sudan and the Sudan Recognizes the Anglican Church in North America, ACNA Official Website
- GAFCON III largest pan-Anglican gathering since Toronto Congress of 1963, Anglican Ink, 20 June 2018
- Province of the Episcopal Church of South Sudan at the Anglican Communion website
- AFRECS: American Friends of the Episcopal Church of Sudan
- Kitap De Duɔr Prayer Book with Hymns, in Dinka, Bor dialect (1956) digitized by Richard Mammana in 2015