Portal:London transport

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London transport
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The London transport system is one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the London Underground, are internationally recognised symbols of London.

Most transport services in London are controlled by Transport for London (TfL), an executive agency of the Greater London Authority. TfL-controlled services include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, the London Overground, Buses and Trams, most of which accept payment by the Oyster card. TfL also administers the congestion charge zone and the low emission zone.

London has a comprehensive rail network with several major railway stations linking to the rest of the country. International travel is possible from St Pancras International which connects to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service, or from one of six international airports, including Heathrow or Gatwick.

The M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.

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London Heathrow Airport or Heathrow, located in the London Borough of Hillingdon, is the largest and busiest airport in the United Kingdom. It is the world's second busiest airport in terms of total passenger traffic and it handles more international passengers than any other airport in the world. The airport is owned and operated by BAA.

Located 12 nautical miles (22 km; 14 mi) west of Central London, flying at Heathrow began in World War I when a military airfield was laid out to the south-east of the hamlet that gives the airport its name. In the years preceding World War II, the airfield was used for manufacturing and testing by the Fairey Aviation Company. It was requisitioned by the government in 1943 for expansion as a RAF base although it saw little use as such. After the war it became a civilian airport with the first flight on 1 January 1946.

In its early days Heathrow had as many as six short runways arranged as a star, but now has two parallel main runways spanning east-to-west and five operational terminals. In January 2009 a controversial third runway was approved by the UK government, but this was cancelled in May 2010 following a change of government.


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Sir Joseph William Bazalgette, CB (28 March 1819 – 15 March 1891) was an English civil engineer. As chief engineer of London's Metropolitan Board of Works his major achievement was the creation (in response to the Great Stink of 1858) of a sewer network for central London which was instrumental in relieving the city from cholera epidemics, while beginning the cleansing of the River Thames.

Bazelgette was also responsible for the design of the Albert, Victoria and Chelsea Embankments along the north and south sides of the River Thames and bridges over the Thames at Putney, Hammersmith and Battersea. He also prepared early proposals for Blackwall Tunnel and Tower Bridge.


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Did you know...
  • ...that the first version of the Underground roundel was introduced in 1908, as a solid red disk and blue bar?
  • ...that a stuffed puffer fish, a samurai sword, human skulls, breast implants and a lawnmower are amongst items handed into TfL's lost property office during its 75-year existence?

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1910 London to Manchester air raceAlbert Bridge, LondonAldwych tube stationAlbert Stanley, 1st Baron AshfieldBaker Street and Waterloo RailwayBattersea BridgeBrill TramwayBrill railway stationCentral London RailwayCharing Cross, Euston and Hampstead RailwayChelsea BridgeCity and South London RailwayGreat Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton RailwayGreen Park tube stationHerne Hill railway stationCharles HoldenLondon Necropolis CompanyMarchioness disasterMetropolitan RailwayMoorgate tube crashRAF NortholtFrank PickSinking of SS Princess AliceQuainton Road railway stationRichmond Bridge, LondonEdgar SpeyerUnderground Electric Railways Company of LondonVauxhall BridgeWaddesdon Road railway stationWandsworth BridgeWestcott railway stationWood Siding railway stationWotton railway station (Brill Tramway)

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List of former and unopened London Underground stationsList of London Underground stationsList of London Monopoly locationsList of works by Charles HoldenLondon station groupTimeline of the London Underground

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A1 in LondonM25 motorwayA215 roadActon Town tube stationAngel tube stationArnos Grove tube stationWilliam Henry BarlowBecontree tube stationBlackfriars stationBlackwall TunnelBOAC Flight 712Bond StreetBoston Manor tube stationBow Back RiversBow StreetInfrastructure of the Brill TramwayBritish AirwaysBritish Rail Class 700Broad Street railway station (England)Cannon Street stationCharing Cross railway stationChesham branchChiswick BridgeCity Thameslink railway stationCoventry Street2016 Croydon tram derailmentDartford CrossingDenmark StreetDistrict RailwayDown Street tube stationEast Finchley tube stationElephant & Castle tube stationEmbankment tube stationEurostarEuston RoadEuston tube stationEuston railway stationFenchurch Street railway stationFinchley Central tube stationFleet StreetSir John Fowler, 1st BaronetGants Hill tube stationGloucester Road tube stationGreat Marlborough StreetHammersmith & City lineHammerton's FerryHigh Speed 1Highgate tube stationHistory of British AirwaysHolborn tube stationHolborn Viaduct railway stationKennington tube stationKensington (Olympia) stationKilburn tube stationKing's Cross Thameslink railway stationKing's Cross St Pancras tube stationLeicester SquareMurder of Deborah LinsleyLiverpool Street stationLondon Bridge stationLondon Country North EastLondon King's Cross railway stationLondon Necropolis RailwayLondon Necropolis railway stationLondon Paddington stationLondon Underground departmental stockLondon Victoria stationLondon Waterloo stationM11 link road protestMarylebone stationMoorgate stationMorden tube stationNewbury Park tube stationNorth Circular RoadNorthumberland AvenueOld Kent RoadOld Street stationOxford Circus tube stationOxford StreetPaddington tube station (Bakerloo, Circle and District lines)Paddington tube station (Circle and Hammersmith & City lines)Pall Mall, LondonPark LaneCharles PearsonPentonville RoadPiccadillyRegent StreetSt Pancras railway stationSouth Circular Road, LondonSouth Kensington tube stationStrand, LondonTillingbourne Bus CompanyTrafalgar SquareUpminster Bridge tube stationVauxhall stationVictoria lineVine Street, LondonWaterloo East railway stationWestminster tube stationWestway (London)Whitechapel RoadWhitehallWimbledon and Sutton RailwayWoolwich Ferry

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List of London Monopoly locations


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