The Italy portal Portale Italia ( Italy Italian: Italia [iˈtaːlja] (), officially the ) listen Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica Italiana ), is a [reˈpubblika itaˈljaːna] European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. The country covers a total area of 301,340 km 2 (116,350 sq mi), and land area of 294,140 km 2 (113,570 sq mi), and shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland ( Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea ( Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in
Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to myriad peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most predominant being the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era, Phoenicians and Carthaginians founded colonies mostly in insular Italy, Greeks established settlements in the so-called of Magna Graecia Southern Italy, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People. The Roman Republic initially conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the peninsula, eventually expanding and conquering parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, political and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can also be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
Selected article - Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi ( c. 1445 – May 17, 1510), known as ( Sandro Botticelli , Italian: ), was an [ˈsandro bottiˈtʃɛlli] Italian painter of the Early Renaissance. He belonged to the Florentine School under the patronage of Lorenzo de' Medici, a movement that Giorgio Vasari would characterize less than a hundred years later in his Vita of Botticelli as a " golden age". Botticelli's posthumous reputation suffered until the late 19th century; since then, his work has been seen to represent the linear grace of Early Renaissance painting.
As well as the small number of mythological subjects which are his best known works today, he painted a wide range of religious subjects and also some portraits. He and his workshop were especially known for their
Madonna and Childs, many in the round tondo shape. Botticelli's best-known works are and The Birth of Venus , both in the Primavera Uffizi in Florence. He lived all his life in the same neighbourhood of Florence, with probably his only significant time elsewhere the months he spent painting in Pisa in 1474 and the Sistine Chapel in Rome in 1481–82. Read more... Selected picture - Did you know... - ...that , the main character in the Poliphilo Renaissance book Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, was said to have felt "extreme delight," "incredible joy," and "frenetic pleasure and cupidinous frenzy" when he saw the buildings depicted in the book? Selected cuisine - ( Espresso , ( ) listen Italian: ) is [esˈprɛsso] coffee of Italian origin, brewed by forcing a small amount of nearly boiling water under pressure ( expressing) through finely ground coffee beans. Espresso is generally thicker than coffee brewed by other methods, has a higher concentration of suspended and dissolved solids, and has crema on top (a foam with a creamy consistency). As a result of the pressurized brewing process, the flavors and chemicals in a typical cup of espresso are very concentrated. Espresso is also the base for other drinks such as a caffè latte, cappuccino, caffè macchiato, caffè mocha, flat white, or caffè Americano.
Espresso has more
caffeine per unit volume than most coffee beverages, but because the usual serving size is much smaller, the total caffeine content is less than a mug of standard brewed coffee, contrary to a common belief. Although the actual caffeine content of any coffee drink varies by size, bean origin, roast method and other factors, a typical serving of espresso contains 120 to 170 milligrams of caffeine whereas a typical serving of drip coffee contains 150 to 200 mg. Read more... Categories Select [►] to view subcategories
Spanish Republican poster against "the Italian invader".
Roman Forum, the commercial, cultural, and political center of the city and the Republic which housed the various offices and meeting places of the government.
Italian Lombard kingdom (781–1014).
Giacomo Matteotti was murdered a few days after he openly denounced Fascist violence during the 1924 elections.
Commedia dell'arte troupe in a late 16th-century Flemish painting. Gelosi
mosaic depicts some of the Gladiators entertainments that would have been offered at the games.
Imperial ambitions of Fascist Italy in Europe, 1936.
Italian unification in 1860.
Fiat 600, iconic middle-class dream car and status symbol of the 1950-60s.
Italy has been a home for innovation in
science in the centuries since Galileo formulated his theories of planetary movement.
Ötzi the oldest mummy in the world discovered in the southern Alps (region of Trentino-Alto Adige) with extremely sophisticated equipment to that time. 4th millennium BCE.
Italy and the nearby islands in the 1st century BCE.
Umberto II, the last King of Italy, was exiled to Portugal.
Alcide De Gasperi, Prime Minister 1945–53, is revered as a founding father of modern Italy and Europe.
Italian prisoners in El Alamein, November 1942.
Attack of the far-right terrorist group NAR at the Bologna railway station on 2 August 1980, which caused the death of 85 people.
From left to right, Chamberlain, Daladier, Hitler, Mussolini and Italian Foreign Minister
Count Ciano at the signing of Munich Agreement.
Italian states (1815–1859).
The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci, possibly one of the most famous and iconic examples of Italian art
gelato ice cream dessert.
espresso comes from the Italian esprimere, which means "to express," and refers to the process by which hot water is forced under pressure through ground coffee.
Sergio Mattarella, President of the Italian Republic, elected on 3 February 2015.
Physician attire for protection from the Bubonic plague or Black death, 1656.
Mussolini reviewing adolescent soldiers, late 1944.
the EUR in Rome is a perfect example of modern Italian architecture
Mussolini and Hitler in June 1940.
Colosseum, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire.
Giuseppe Verdi, one of Italy's greatest opera composers. Portrait by
Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of Italy for almost ten years between 1994 and 2011.
Regional seat of
RAI in Cosenza.
Ancient Greek colonies and their
groupings in Southern Italy.
NW Greek Achaean Doric
Fiume cheering D'Annunzio and his Legionari, September 1919. At the time, Fiume had 22,488 (62% of the population) Italians in a total population of 35,839 inhabitants.
St. Peter's Basilica is the world's largest Christian church. It is the second church to stand above the crypt (tomb) believed to hold the body of Saint Peter, the first pope.
Map of Etruscan civilisation.
Roman Empire provided an inspiration for the medieval European. Although the Holy Roman Empire rarely acquired a serious geopolitical reality, it possessed great symbolic significance.
Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral in Florence, which has the biggest brick dome in the world, and is considered a masterpiece of Italian architecture and world architecture.
Secondary, widely spoken or understood.
Understood by some due to former colonisation.
Prada shop in Singapore. Topics Related portals Associated Wikimedia