Portal:Government of the United States

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The Federal Government of the United States (U.S. Federal Government) is the national government of the United States, a federal republic in North America, composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and several island possessions. The federal government is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the U.S. Constitution in the Congress, the President, and the federal courts, respectively. The powers and duties of these branches are further defined by acts of congress, including the creation of executive departments and courts inferior to the Supreme Court.

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NASA insignia
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the executive branch agency responsible for the nation's civilian space program and aeronautics and aerospace research. Since February 2006, NASA's self-described mission statement is to "pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery and aeronautics research." NASA was established by the National Aeronautics and Space Act on in July 1958, replacing its predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). NASA has led U.S. efforts for space exploration since, including the Apollo moon-landing missions, the Skylab space station, and later the Space Shuttle. Currently, NASA is supporting the International Space Station and has been developing the manned Orion spacecraft. NASA science is focused on better understanding Earth through the Earth Observing System, advancing heliophysics through the efforts of the Science Mission Directorate's Heliophysics Research Program, exploring bodies throughout the Solar System with advanced robotic missions such as New Horizons, and researching astrophysics topics, such as the Big Bang, through the Great Observatories and associated programs.

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LOC Main Reading Room Highsmith.jpg
The reading room of the Library of Congress
Photo credit: Carol M. Highsmith

Current Administration

Obama Administration activity

In the news

18 May 2019 – Efforts to impeach Donald Trump
Justin Amash from Michigan's 3rd congressional district becomes the first Republican U.S. Representative to support the impeachment of President Donald Trump. (Fox News)
17 May 2019 – LGBT rights in the United States
The U.S. House of Representatives passes the Equality Act, which prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. (Business Insider)
16 May 2019 – Immigration policy of Donald Trump
U.S. President Donald Trump proposes a new immigration plan based on merits such as college degrees and skilled trades and less on family ties. (The New York Times)
10 May 2019 – Tax returns of Donald Trump
The United States House Committee on Ways and Means subpoenas United States Secretary of the Treasury Steven Mnuchin and Commissioner of Internal Revenue Charles Rettig to provide President Donald Trump's federal tax returns for the last six years. (The New York Times)
9 May 2019 –
The United States House of Representatives votes to overturn President Donald Trump’s move on the Affordable Care Act. (The Hill)
8 May 2019 – Brazil–United States relations
U.S. President Donald Trump notifies the Congress that he will designate Brazil as a Major non-NATO ally in light of recent commitments to increase defense cooperation between both countries. (White House)

Current legislation


Pending cases

Supreme Court cases

Lower courts


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