Pope Cyril II of Alexandria

Saint

Cyril II of Alexandria
Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark
Papacy began18 March 1078
Papacy ended6 June 1092
PredecessorChristoldoulos
SuccessorMichael IV
Personal details
BornEgypt
Died6 June 1092
Egypt
BuriedMonastery of Saint Macarius the Great
NationalityEgyptian
DenominationCoptic Orthodox Christian
ResidenceThe Hanging Church
Sainthood
Feast day6 June (12 Paoni in the Coptic Calendar)

Pope Cyril II of Alexandria, 67th Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.

Patriarch Cyril attempted to ordain a properly consecrated bishop to be the new Abuna of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, but Badr al-Jamali, the Vizir of Caliph Al-Mustansir, forced him to ordain instead Abba Sawiros. Although at first warmly welcomed when he reached Ethiopia, the Caliph's candidate began to openly favor Islam in that Christian country by building seven mosques, ostensibly for the use of Muslim traders. This led to a general uproar in Ethiopia. Abuna Sawiros justified his acts by saying a refusal to build these mosques would result in a persecution in Egypt; nevertheless, the Abuna was imprisoned, the seven mosques destroyed, and restrictions placed on the Muslim traders. Reciprocal acts followed in Egypt, and a rupture in the relations between the two countries.[1]

Sainthood[edit]

There had been a leadership dispute upon the selection of St. Cyril II as patriarch. According to the Coptic Church, a council of forty-seven bishops was assembled to depose him, and supported by a Muslim overseer of an orchard called Yaseeb. According to the Coptic Church, the Pope told the overseer 'If the Governor has authority, Christ has authority over the heaven and earth.' then dismounted his horse and made a matonia before him. Because of the Pope's words, it is claimed, the governor became enraged with the overseer, and beheaded him at the same place and at the same time as the matonia had been performed. This supposedly prevented a split in the church, and St. Cyril II and the dissenting bishops were reconciled.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ J. Spencer Trimingham, Islam in Ethiopia (Oxford: Geoffrey Cumberlege for the University Press, 1952), pp. 65f.
  2. ^ http://www.copticchurch.net/classes/synex.php?month=10&day=12&btn=View&lang= Lives of Saints Paona 12 3. The Departure of St. Kyrillos the Second, the 67th Pope of Alexandria.
Preceded by
Christodolos
Coptic Pope
1078–1092
Succeeded by
Michael IV