Philippine Merchant Marine Academy

Philippine Merchant Marine Academy
Akademya ng Pangangalakal Pandagatan ng Pilipinas
Philippine Merchant Marine Academy.png
Former names
Escuela Nautica de Manila (1820-1899)
Nautical School of the Philippine Islands (1899)
Philippine Nautical School (1963)
MottoKawastuhan, Kababaang Loob, Kagitingan (Filipino)
Motto in English
Righteousness, Humility, Courage
TypeState College Marine and Quasi-Military Academy, Non-profit Coeducational Higher education institution
EstablishedApril 5, 1820,
Intramuros, Manila
SuperintendentCapt. Joel Abutal, MM, MSc
Location, ,
Entrance to PMMA in San Narciso, Zambales

The Philippine Merchant Marine Academy (PMMA) (Filipino: Akademya Pangkalakalang Pandagat ng Pilipinas) is the premier merchant marine academy in the Philippines. Operated by the Philippine government under the supervision of the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), the academy is located in San Narciso, in the province of Zambales. Students are called midshipmen but are often also referred to as cadets. Upon graduation students are commissioned as Ensigns (2nd Lieutenants) in the Philippine Navy Reserve. They have the option to start a career in the maritime industry or sign up for active military duty either in the Philippine Navy or the Philippine Coast Guard.


The academy offers courses for Bachelor of Science degrees in marine transportation and marine engineering. Both are four-year residency courses consisting of three-years of academic studies (first, second, and fourth years). The one year apprentice training (third year) is aboard commercial vessels plying the international sea lanes as deck or engine cadets. The academy also offers masters degree courses in shipping business management and maritime education.

The student body is referred to as the Corps of Midshipmen, and follows a rigid seniority system. Each year level is a "class." The fourth-year graduating students are called First Class Midshipmen (1CL), the third year is Second Class Midshipmen (2CL), the second year is Third Class Midshipmen (3CL) and the first year is the Fourth Class Midshipmen.The Fourth Class Midshipmen are also termed as plebes or bugs, while the other classes are termed as upperclassmen. Third Class Midshipmen are also called "Tiger of the Corps", while Second Class Midshipmen sails out of the seven seas around the world on different merchant marine vessels as per their compliance for a 1-year shipboard training aboard international/ocean-going vessels with their rank of Deck Cadet for BSMT Cadets and Engine Cadet for BSMarE Cadets. Lastly, the First Class Midshipmen are also called "King of The Barracks", "Dragon of the Corps" while they aspire to succeed in finishing their 3 years of being a cadet and a graduating class of their year.

Aspiring midshipmen must pass the entrance examinations and rigorous medical and physical examinations before admission. For example, males must be at least five feet three inches tall and have been circumcised, and females must be at least five feet one inch tall and never have given birth. A long list of diseases, including major orthodontic problems and wearing glasses, disqualify both sexes.[1] Successful applicants report to the academy for orientation, a month-long period of indoctrination and training which begins in the approved academic calendar of the following academic year. Probationary Midshipmen or "probies" who pass this orientation & indoctrination trainings undertake an oath-taking ceremony at the end and are assigned serial numbers, given uniforms, and incorporated as Fourth Class Midshipmen.

The curriculum involves both academics and military-style leadership and discipline, aimed at training marine officers to manage coastal and foreign trade, serve as shipping executives, port supervisors, and marine surveyors, and serve as naval officers in time of war or national emergency. The curriculum follows the guidelines of the 1995 STCW and the Policies, Standards and Guidelines for Maritime Education 1997 set by the Commission on Higher Education.

The PMMA is part of the Luzon Science Consortium.

Notable alumni[edit]

  • Lisandro Abadia, General, Chief of Staff AFP
  • Marcelo Azcárraga, Prime Minister of Spain
  • [[CMDR Carmelo Lopez Manzano, highest ranking Commander of the US Coast Guard during WW11 on covert missions from Admiral Nimitz supplying Gen. Douglas McArthurs Pacific Fleet with war munitions that helped the Americans to final victory. CMDR Manzano was Spanish-born and a bemedalled war hero]].
  • Román Basa]], Katipunan Supreme Council president
  • Juan Luna, artist and diplomatic agent
  • Ernesto Ogbinar, Rear Admiral, Flag Officer in Command PN
  • Jose Rancudo, Major General, Commanding General PAF
  • Hilario Ruiz, Rear Admiral, Flag Officer in Command PN
  • Rogelio Morales, first PMMA Superintendent, honored by the Bantayog ng mga Bayani for his heroism during the Philippines' Martial Law era.


External links[edit]