Pennsylvania's 13th congressional district

Pennsylvania's 13th congressional district
Pennsylvania Congressional District 13.png
Boundaries since January 2019; below statistics, except PVI, apply to old boundaries
Representative
  John Joyce
RAltoona
Distribution
  • 98.46% urban
  • 1.54% rural
Population (2000)646,435
Median income49,319
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+22[1]

The 13th Congressional District of Pennsylvania is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. The district contains all of Blair County, Huntingdon County, Bedford County, Fulton County, Franklin County, and Adams County. It also includes most of Somerset County, and parts of Westmoreland County, Cambria County, and Cumberland County. Republican John Joyce has represented the district since 2019.

Prior to February 2018, the district was located in southeastern Pennsylvania, covering eastern Montgomery County and Northeast Philadelphia. The district traditionally included most of Montgomery County, but was redrawn in 2002 to include part of Philadelphia, and altered again in 2012. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania redrew the district in February 2018 after ruling the previous map unconstitutional. The old 13th district became the 4th district, and what was the ninth district in the southwest part of the state was modified and redesignated the 13th district, for the 2018 elections and representation thereafter.[2]

The district had long been a Republican stronghold, like many suburban districts in the Northeast. However, the brand of Republicanism in this district was a moderate one, and the district (like the Philadelphia suburbs as a whole) became friendlier to Democrats during the 1990s as the national party veered to the right. The district has not voted Republican for President since 1988. In 1992, the district elected its first Democratic representative in 86 years, Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky. She was swept out in 1994 by Republican Jon D. Fox, but Joe Hoeffel regained the seat for the Democrats in 1998. It was in Democratic hands from then until the 2018 redistricting, and became even more Democratic since being pushed into Philadelphia after the 2000 census.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 647,435 people, 250,845 households, and 169,848 families residing in the district. The racial makeup of the district was 87.16% White, 6.05% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 4.05% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 1.32% from other races, and 1.24% from two or more races. 3.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 250,845 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51] and the average family size was 3.09.

In the district, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.

The median income for a household in the district was $49,319, and the median income for a family was $61,108. Males had a median income of $36,441 versus $23,719 for females. The per capita income for the district was $25,053. About 5.1% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.

List of members representing the district[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
District created in 1813
Vacant March 4, 1813 –
May 13, 1813
Member-elect John Smilie was redistricted from the 9th district and re-elected in 1812 but died December 30, 1812.
Isaac Griffin Democratic-Republican May 13, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
Elected to finish John Smilie's term.
Re-elected in 1814.
Retired.
Christian Tarr Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1821
Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Lost re-election.
Andrew Stewart Democratic-Republican March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Elected in 1820.
Redistricted to the 14th district.
JohnTod.jpg
John Tod
Jacksonian Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
????, 1824
Redistricted from the 8th district and re-elected in 1822.
Resigned to become judge of Court of Common Pleas of 16th judicial district.
Vacant ?????, 1824 –
December 6, 1824
Alexander Thomson Jacksonian Democratic-Republican December 6, 1824 –
March 3, 1825
Elected October 12, 1824 to finish Tod's term.
Elected the same day in 1824 to the next term.
Resigned.
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
May 1, 1826
Vacant May 1, 1826 –
December 4, 1826
Chauncey Forward Jacksonian December 4, 1826 –
March 3, 1831
Elected October 10, 1826 to finish Thomson's term and seated December 4, 1826.
Elected the same day in 1826 to the next term.
Re-elected in 1828.
Retired.
George Burd Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Elected in 1830.
Redistricted to the 18th district.
Jesse Miller Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
October 30, 1836
Elected in 1832.
Resigned to become the First Auditor of the United States Department of the Treasury.
Vacant October 30, 1836 –
December 5, 1836
James Black Jacksonian December 5, 1836 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
Charles McClure Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
[Data unknown/missing.]
William Sterrett Ramsey Democratic March 4, 1839 –
October 17, 1840
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant October 17, 1840 –
December 7, 1840
Charles McClure Democratic December 7, 1840 –
March 3, 1841
[Data unknown/missing.]
Amos Gustine Democratic May 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Henry Frick Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 1, 1844
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant March 1, 1844 –
April 5, 1844
James Pollock Pennsylvania Governor.jpg
James Pollock
Whig April 5, 1844 –
March 3, 1849
[Data unknown/missing.]
Joseph Casey Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
James Gamble Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 15th district.
AsaPacker.png
Asa Packer
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1857
[Data unknown/missing.]
William H. Dimmick Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1861
[Data unknown/missing.]
Philip Johnson congressman.jpg
Philip Johnson
Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 11th district.
Henry Wells Tracy.jpg
Henry W. Tracy
Independent Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
[Data unknown/missing.]
Ulysses Mercur - Brady-Handy.jpg
Ulysses Mercur
Republican March 4, 1865 –
December 2, 1872
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become associate justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania
Vacant December 2, 1872 –
December 24, 1872
Frank Charles Bunnell.jpg
Frank C. Bunnell
Republican December 24, 1872 –
March 3, 1873
[Data unknown/missing.]
James D. Strawbridge Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
[Data unknown/missing.]
James Bernard Reilly - Brady-Handy.jpg
James B. Reilly
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
John W. Ryon Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
[Data unknown/missing.]
Charles N. Brumm, Pennsylvania Congressman.jpg
Charles N. Brumm
Greenback March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1885
[Data unknown/missing.]
Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1889
[Data unknown/missing.]
James Bernard Reilly - Brady-Handy.jpg
James B. Reilly
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1895
[Data unknown/missing.]
Charles N. Brumm, Pennsylvania Congressman.jpg
Charles N. Brumm
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1899
[Data unknown/missing.]
James W. Ryan Democratic March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
[Data unknown/missing.]
George R. Patterson (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
George R. Patterson
Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 12th district.
Marcus C.L. Kline Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1907
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Hoover Rothermel.jpg
John H. Rothermel
Democratic March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1915
[Data unknown/missing.]
Arthur G. Dewalt Democratic March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1921
[Data unknown/missing.]
Fred B. Gernerd Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
[Data unknown/missing.]
George F. Brumm Republican March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1927
[Data unknown/missing.]
Cyrus M. Palmer Republican March 4, 1927 –
March 3, 1929
[Data unknown/missing.]
George F. Brumm Republican March 4, 1929 –
May 29, 1934
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant May 29, 1934 –
January 3, 1935
JamesHGildea.jpg
James H. Gildea
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1939
[Data unknown/missing.]
IvorFenton.png
Ivor D. Fenton
Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1945
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 12th district.
Daniel K. Hoch Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
Redistricted from the 14th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Frederick A. Muhlenberg, FAIA.jpg
Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
George M. Rhodes.jpg
George M. Rhodes
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 14th district.
Samuel K. McConnell Jr. (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Samuel K. McConnell Jr.
Republican January 3, 1953 –
September 1, 1957
Redistricted from the 16th district.
Resigned.
Vacant September 1, 1957 –
November 5, 1957
John A. Lafore Jr. Republican November 5, 1957 –
January 3, 1961
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination.
RichardSchweiker.jpg
Richard S. Schweiker
Republican January 3, 1961 –
January 3, 1969
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Laurece Coughlin.png
R. Lawrence Coughlin
Republican January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1993
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
MarjorieMargolies-Mezvinsky2.jpg
Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Jon Fox.jpg
Jon D. Fox
Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 1999
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Joe Hoeffel portrait.jpg
Joe Hoeffel
Democratic January 3, 1999 –
January 3, 2005
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Allysonschwartz.jpg
Allyson Schwartz
Democratic January 3, 2005 –
January 3, 2015
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for Governor of Pennsylvania
Brendan Boyle House Portrait.jpg
Brendan Boyle
Democratic January 3, 2015 –
January 3, 2019
Re-districted to 2nd district.
John Joyce, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
John Joyce
Republican January 3, 2019 –
present
Incumbent

Recent election results[edit]

Year Election Winner Party Votes % Nominated opponent Party Votes %
2000 General Joseph M. Hoeffel Democratic 146,026 53% Stewart Greenleaf Republican 126,501 46%
2002 General Joseph M. Hoeffel Democratic 107,945 51% Melissa Brown Republican 100,295 47%
2004 General Allyson Schwartz Democratic 171,763 56% Melissa Brown Republican 127,205 41%
2006 General Allyson Schwartz Democratic 147,368 66% Raj Bhakta Republican 75,492 34%
2008 General Allyson Schwartz Democratic 196,868 63% Marina Kats Republican 108,271 35%
2010 General Allyson Schwartz Democratic 117,798 56% Dee Adcock Republican 91,195 44%
2012 General Allyson Schwartz Democratic 209,901 69% Joe Rooney Republican 93,918 31%
2014 General Brendan Boyle Democratic 123,601 67% Dee Adcock Republican 60,549 33%
2016 General Brendan Boyle Democratic 239,316 100% None
2018 General John Joyce Republican 178,533 70% Brent Ottaway Democratic 74,733 29%

Historical district boundaries[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New Pennsylvania Map Is a Major Boost for Democrats". The Cook Political Report. February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  2. ^ Cohn, Nate; Bloch, Matthew; Quealy, Kevin (February 19, 2018). "The New Pennsylvania House Districts Are In. We Review the Mapmakers' Choices". The Upshot. The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°07′26″N 75°09′36″W / 40.12389°N 75.16000°W / 40.12389; -75.16000