Pe (Persian letter)

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Pe (پ) used to represent the phoneme /p/, is a letter in the Perso-Arabic alphabet, based on bā' (ب) with two additional diacritic dots. It is one of the four letters that the Persian alphabet, others being ژ ,چ and گ.

It is used in Persian and Kurdish and other Iranian languages, Uyghur, Urdu, Pashto language, Sindhi, Kashmiri, Kuryan, Shina language, and Turkic languages (before the Latin and Cyrillic scripts were adopted but not in Arabic, which usually replaces it with the letter bāʼ (ب).

However, it is one of two additional common foreign letters (the other being ڤ /v/) that are sometimes used in some Arabic dialects to represent foreign sounds, it represents /p/ in loanwords or when writing scientific words and it can be substituted by ب /b/ such as in protein (بروتين or پروتين).

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form:
پ ـپ ـپـ پـ

Character encodings[edit]

Character پ
Encodings decimal hex
Unicode 1662 U+067E
UTF-8 217 190 D9 BE
Numeric character reference پ پ

See also[edit]