Ohio's 9th congressional district

Ohio's 9th congressional district
Ohio US Congressional District 9 (since 2013).tif
Ohio's 9th congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Marcy Kaptur
DToledo
Distribution
  • 86.02% urban
  • 13.98% rural
Population (2016)706,201
Median income$43,182[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+14[2]

Ohio's 9th congressional district has been represented by Representative Marcy Kaptur (D) since 1983.

This district is in the northern part of the state, bordering Michigan and Ontario, Canada (via Lake Erie), and includes portions of Cuyahoga, Erie, Lorain, Lucas, and Ottawa counties. Due to redistricting by the Republican-controlled state legislature following the 2010 state elections, the 9th district absorbed part of western Cuyahoga County[3] pitting 10th district Democratic incumbent Dennis Kucinich against Kaptur in the 2012 Democratic primary.[4][5][6]

The redesigned 9th district has been called "The Snake by the Lake" (due to its long and skinny appearance on the map)[7] and one of the "Top 5 Ugliest Districts" due to gerrymandering. The two portions of the district are only connected via a bridge between Erie and Ottawa counties, as well as Crane Creek State Park. Some Ohio Democrats argued that when the beach floods, the reconfigured 9th is not contiguous.[8]

It was one of several districts challenged in a 2018 lawsuit seeking to overturn Ohio's congressional map as unconstitutional gerrymandering.[9] According to the lawsuit, the 9th "eats its way across the southern border of Lake Erie" while fragmenting Cleveland and Toledo.[10]

List of largest municipalities[edit]

All or part of ten cities (whose population is greater than 5,000) are in the district.

The largest municipalities[11] represented in this district include:

Election results from presidential races[edit]

Year Office Result
2000 President Al Gore 55% - George W. Bush 41%
2004 President John Kerry 58% - George W. Bush 42%
2008 President Barack Obama 66.8% - John McCain 31.6%
2012 President Barack Obama 67.6% - Mitt Romney 30.9%
2016 President Hillary Clinton 58.7% - Donald Trump 36.5%

List of members representing the district[edit]

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1823
Philemon Beecher Adams-Clay
Democratic-Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th
19th
20th
Elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Lost re-election.
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
William W. Irvin.jpg
William W. Irvin
Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
21st
22nd
Elected in 1828.
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Chaney (congressman).jpg
John Chaney
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
23rd
24th
25th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
William Medill.png
William Medill
Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
26th
27th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Elias Florence.jpg
Elias Florence
Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th [Data unknown/missing.]
Augustus L. Perrill Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29th [Data unknown/missing.]
Thomas O. Edwards Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
30th [Data unknown/missing.]
Edson B. Olds.jpg
Edson B. Olds
Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
31st
32nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 12th district.
Frederick W. Green Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Redistricted from the 6th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Cooper K. Watson - bench and bar.jpg
Cooper K. Watson
Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lawrence W. Hall Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
35th [Data unknown/missing.]
John Carey (congressman).JPG
John Carey
Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th [Data unknown/missing.]
Warren P. Noble 1897.jpg
Warren P. Noble
Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1865
37th
38th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland.jpg
Ralph P. Buckland
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1869
39th
40th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Edward F. Dickinson Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
41st [Data unknown/missing.]
Charles foster.jpg
Charles Foster
Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 10th district.
James Wallace Robinson 1897.jpg
James W. Robinson
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd [Data unknown/missing.]
Earley F. Poppleton Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th [Data unknown/missing.]
JSJones.jpg
John S. Jones
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45th [Data unknown/missing.]
George L. Converse.png
George L. Converse
Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
46th [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 12th district.
James S. Robinson by Howe.jpg
James S. Robinson
Republican March 4, 1881 –
January 12, 1885
47th
48th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become Ohio Secretary of State.
Vacant January 12, 1885 –
March 3, 1885
48th
William C. Cooper 005.png
William C. Cooper
Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1891
49th
50th
51st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Joseph Hodson Outhwaite.jpg
Joseph H. Outhwaite
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd Redistricted from the 13th district.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
Byron Foster Ritchie.jpg
Byron F. Ritchie
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53rd [Data unknown/missing.]
James H. Southard 1899.jpg
James H. Southard
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1907
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Isaac R. Sherwood 1910.jpg
Isaac R. Sherwood
Democratic March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1921
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
[Data unknown/missing.]
William W. Chalmers npcc.21435.jpg
William W. Chalmers
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67th [Data unknown/missing.]
Isaac R. Sherwood from Ohio in the War.png
Isaac R. Sherwood
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68th [Data unknown/missing.]
William W. Chalmers npcc.21435.jpg
William W. Chalmers
Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1931
69th
70th
71st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Wilbur M. White WWI.jpg
Wilbur M. White
Republican March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
72nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Warren J. Duffey (1913).jpg
Warren J. Duffey
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
July 7, 1936
73rd
74th
Elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Died.
Vacant July 7, 1936 –
January 3, 1937
74th
John F. Hunter Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1943
75th
76th
77th
Elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Lost re-election.
Homer A. Ramey 1921.jpg
Homer A. Ramey
Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
78th
79th
80th
Elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Lost re-election.
Thomas Henry Burke Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1951
81st Elected in 1948.
Lost renomination.
Frazier Reams.jpg
Frazier Reams
Independent January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1955
82nd
83rd
Elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Lost re-election.
Thomas W. L. Ashley 95th Congress 1977.jpg
Thomas L. Ashley
Democratic January 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1981
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
Elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Lost re-election.
Ed Weber 97th Congress 1981.jpg
Ed Weber
Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
97th Elected in 1980.
Lost re-election.
Marcy Kaptur, official photo portrait, color.jpg
Marcy Kaptur
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
Present
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.

Election results[edit]

The following chart shows historic election results. Bold type indicates victor. Italic type indicates incumbent.

Year Democratic Republican Other
1920 Isaac R. Sherwood: 38,292 Green tickY William W. Chalmers (Incumbent): 49,732 Karl E. Pauli: 47
1922 Green tickY Isaac R. Sherwood: 45,059 William W. Chalmers (Incumbent): 42,712 (none)
1924 Isaac R. Sherwood (Incumbent): 48,482 Green tickY William W. Chalmers: 54,792 Millard Price (Prohibition): 2,159
John Kocinski: 747
1926 C. W. Davis: 23,947 Green tickY William W. Chalmers (Incumbent): 47,331 George F. Parrish (TRI): 1,110
Millard Price (Socialist): 1,018
1928 William P. Clarke: 50,601 Green tickY William W. Chalmers (Incumbent): 82,560 Charles V. Stephenson (Workers): 190
1930 Scott Stahl: 36,375 Green tickY Wilbur M. White: 49,498 (none)
1932 Green tickY Warren J. Duffey: 56,755 Wilbur M. White (Incumbent): 54,078 Silas E. Hurin: 4,200
Clyde E. Kiker: 2,135
Karl Pauli (Socialist): 1,314
Eugene Stoll (Communist): 620
1934 Green tickY Warren J. Duffey (Incumbent): 61,037 Frank L. Mulholland: 35,732 Kenneth Eggert (Communist): 684
Karl Pauli (Socialist): 510
1936 Green tickY John F. Hunter: 75,737 Raymond E. Hildebrand: 55,043 Earl O. Lehman: 3,739
1938 Green tickY John F. Hunter (Incumbent): 56,306 Homer A. Ramey: 55,441 (none)
1940 Green tickY John F. Hunter (Incumbent): 86,956 Wilbur M. White: 71,927 (none)
1942 John F. Hunter (Incumbent): 44,027 Green tickY Homer A. Ramey: 47,377 (none)
1944 John F. Hunter: 77,693 Green tickY Homer A. Ramey (Incumbent): 82,735 (none)
1946 Michael DiSalle: 59,057 Green tickY Homer A. Ramey (Incumbent): 59,394 (none)
1948 Green tickY Thomas H. Burke: 85,409 Homer A. Ramey (Incumbent): 73,394 (none)
1950 Thomas H. Burke (Incumbent): 45,268 Homer A. Ramey: 43,301 Green tickY Frazier Reams (Independent): 51,024
1952 Thomas H. Burke: 61,047 Gilmore Flues: 46,989 Green tickY Frazier Reams (Independent, Incumbent): 74,821
1954 Green tickY Thomas L. Ashley: 48,471 Irving C. Reynolds: 39,933 Frazier Reams (Independent, Incumbent): 44,656
1956 Green tickY Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): Harvey G. Straub: 81,562 (none)
1958 Green tickY Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 102,115 William K. Gernheuser: 63,660 (none)
1960 Green tickY Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 108,688 Howard C. Cook: 82,433 (none)
1962 Green tickY Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 86,443 Martin A. Janis: 64,279 (none)
1964 Green tickY Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 109,167 John O. Celusta: 64,401 (none)
1966 Green tickY Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 83,261 Jane M. Kuebbeler: 53,777 (none)
1968 Green tickY Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 85,280 Ben Marsh: 63,290 (none)
1970 Green tickY Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 82,777 Allen H. Shapiro: 33,947 (none)
1972 Green tickY Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 110,450 Joseph C. Richards: 49,388 (none)
1974 Green tickY Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 64,831 Carty Finkbeiner: 57,892 (none)
1976 Green tickY Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 91,040 Carty Finkbeiner: 73,919 Edward S. Emery: 1,533
Lynn Galonsky: 1,477
1978 Green tickY Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 71,709 John C. Hoyt: 34,326 Edward S. Emery: 2,563
Michael James Lewinski: 4,530
1980 Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 68,728 Green tickY Ed Weber: 96,927 Edward S. Emery: 4,357
Toby Elizabeth Emmerich: 2,411
1982 Green tickY Marcy Kaptur: 95,162 Ed Weber (Incumbent): 64,459 David Muir (Libertarian): 1,217
Susan A. Skinner: 1,785
James J. Somers: 1,594
1984 Green tickY Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 117,985 Frank Venner: 93,210 Other: 3,714
1986 Green tickY Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 105,646 Mike Shufeldt: 30,643 (none)
1988 Green tickY Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 157,557 Al Hawkins: 36,183 (none)
1990 Green tickY Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 117,681 Jerry D. Lammers: 33,791 (none)
1992 Green tickY Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 178,879 Ken D. Brown: 53,011 Edward Howard: 11,162
1994 Green tickY Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 118,120 R. Randy Whitman: 38,665 (none)
1996 Green tickY Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 170,617 R. Randy Whitman: 46,040 Elizabeth A. Slotnick (Natural Law): 4,677
1998 Green tickY Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 130,793 Edward S. Emery: 30,312 (none)
2000 Green tickY Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 168,547 Dwight E. Bryan: 49,446 Galen Fries (Libertarian): 4,239
Dennis Slotnick (Natural Law): 3,096
2002 Green tickY Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 132,236 Edward S. Emery: 46,481 (none)
2004 Green tickY Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 199,528 Larry A. Kaczala: 93,930 (none)
2006 Green tickY Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 153,880 Brad Leavitt: 55,119 (none)
2008 Green tickY Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 210,822 Brad Leavitt: 73,610 (none)
2010 Green tickY Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 121,819 Rich Iott: 83,423 (none)
2012 Green tickY Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 217,775 Joe Wurzelbacher: 68,666 Sean Stipe (Libertarian): 11,725
2014[12] Green tickY Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 106,338 Richard May: 50,792 Cory Hoffman, George A. Skalsky (Both Write-in): 0

Accusations of gerrymandering[edit]

The current district lines were drawn in 2011, following the redistricting based on the 2000 census.[11] The boundaries of the 9th district have been cited as a signature example of the partisan gerrymandering of the Ohio redistricting.[9] A lawsuit challenging the redistricting referred to the shape of District 9 as "the snake on the lake,"[13][7] and it has been referred to as one of the United States' "Top 5 Ugliest Districts" due to gerrymandering.[8]

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=39&cd=09
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ "Ohio's 9th congressional district elections, 2012". Ballotpedia. Retrieved February 12, 2012.
  4. ^ Alex M. Parker (February 9, 2012). "Friendly Fire Coming in House Re-Elections?". U.S. News and World Report.
  5. ^ Andrea Billups (February 6, 2012). "Kaptur, Kucinich face off in Ohio". The Washington Times.
  6. ^ Kevin Milliken (January 16, 2012). "Kaptur, Kucinich square off for one congressional seat". La Prensa.
  7. ^ a b "Kill the Snake by the Lake", Toledo Blade, Jan. 16, 2018. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  8. ^ a b Shira Toeplitz (November 10, 2011). "Top 5 Ugliest Districts: Partisan Gerrymandering 101". Roll Call.
  9. ^ a b Todd Ruger, "Voters Challenge Ohio Congressional Map as Partisan Gerrymander", Roll Call, May 23, 2018. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  10. ^ Ohio A. Philip Randolph Institute et al., v. John Kasich, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO, filed 05/23/2018. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  11. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000.
  12. ^ http://www.sos.state.oh.us/SOS/elections/Research/electResultsMain/2014Results.aspx
  13. ^ Ohio A. Philip Randolph Institute et al., v. John Kasich, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO, filed 05/23/2018. Retrieved 7 August 2018.

Coordinates: 41°30′N 82°54′W / 41.500°N 82.900°W / 41.500; -82.900