Owen Palmer Robertson (born August 31, 1937 in Jackson, Mississippi) is an American Christian theologian and biblical scholar. He taught at Reformed Theological Seminary, Westminster Theological Seminary, Covenant Theological Seminary, Knox Theological Seminary as well as at the African Bible Colleges of Malawi and Uganda. He also served as principal of the latter institution. Robertson was the first elected male SGA president of Belhaven College (now Belhaven University) in 1957.
Robertson is perhaps best known for his book The Christ of the Covenants. His definition of a biblical covenant being "a bond in blood, sovereignly administered" has been widely discussed.
Robertson lives in Uganda with his family: his wife, Joanna, and his sons Elliot, Daniel, and Murráy.
In 2008, a Festschrift was published in his honor. The Hope Fulfilled: Essays in Honor of O. Palmer Robertson (ISBN 1596381159) included contributions by Bruce Waltke, Richard Gaffin, George W. Knight III, Simon J. Kistemaker, Robert L. Reymond, and Morton H. Smith.
- Dodds, Jane Kincannon Robertson. "Biographical Sketch: O. Palmer Robertson, the Sojourner". The Hope Fulfilled: Essays in Honor of O. Palmer Robertson (PDF).
- "The Current Justification Controversy". Trinity Foundation. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- Ferry, Brenton C. "The Hope Fulfilled: Essays in Honor of O. Palmer Robertson". Orthodox Presbyterian Church. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- Longman, Tremper (1988). How to Read the Psalms. p. 56.
- Smith, Ralph Allan (2003). The Eternal Covenant: How the Trinity Reshapes Covenant Theology. p. 16.
- Jeon, Jeong Koo (2004). Covenant Theology: John Murray's and Meredith G. Kline's Response to the Historical Development of Federal Theology in Reformed Thought. p. 281.