New York's at-large congressional seat

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On three occasions in New York history, some members of the United States House of Representatives were elected statewide at-large. This was due to an increase of the number of representatives after the previous federal census, and the failure of the State Legislature to re-apportion the congressional districts in time for the next election.

In 1872 and 1882, one representative each was elected for the ensuing term. The Legislature then re-apportioned the congressional districts before the elections in 1874 and 1884.

From 1933 to 1945, two representatives elected at-large sat in the House because the Legislature could not agree on a re-apportionment of the districts. For the election to the 79th United States Congress, which was held in 1944, the congressional districts were finally re-apportioned.

List of members representing the district[edit]

1873–1875: One seat[edit]

New York gained one seat following the 1870 Census.

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Lyman Tremain - Brady-Handy.jpg
Lyman Tremain
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Elected in 1872.
Retired.

1883–1885: One seat[edit]

New York gained one seat following the 1880 Census.

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Henry Warner Slocum.jpg
Henry W. Slocum
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
Elected in 1882.
[Data unknown/missing.]

1933–1945: Two seats[edit]

New York gained two seats following the 1930 Census.

Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
John Fitzgibbons (New York Congressman).jpg
John Fitzgibbons
Democratic Elected in 1932.
Retired.
Elmer E. Studley (New York Congressman).jpg
Elmer E. Studley
Democratic Elected in 1932.
Retired.
January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1943
Matthew J. Merritt.jpg
Matthew J. Merritt
Democratic Elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Retired.
Caroline Love Goodwin O'Day.jpg
Caroline O'Day
Democratic Elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Retired.
January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
Winifred Claire Stanley.jpg
Winifred C. Stanley
Republican Elected in 1942.
Retired.

References[edit]