New York's 7th congressional district

wikipedia Wikipedia view on Wikipedia
New York's 7th congressional district
New York US Congressional District 7 (since 2013).tif
New York 's 7th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
U.S. Representative
  Nydia Velázquez
DBrooklyn
Median income$56,197[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+38[2]

New York's 7th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives in New York City. It includes parts of Brooklyn, Queens, and Manhattan. Democrat Nydia Velázquez represents the district in Congress.

The district includes the Queens neighborhoods of Maspeth, Ridgewood, and Woodhaven; the Brooklyn neighborhoods of Brooklyn Heights, Boerum Hill, Bushwick, Carroll Gardens, Cobble Hill, Dumbo, East New York, East Williamsburg, Greenpoint, Gowanus, Red Hook, Sunset Park, and Williamsburg; and parts of Manhattan’s Lower East Side and East Village.

Until 2012, the 7th consisted of parts of Northern Queens and Eastern portions of the Bronx. The Queens portion included the neighborhoods of College Point, East Elmhurst, Jackson Heights and Woodside. The Bronx portion of the district included the neighborhoods of Co-op City, Morris Park, Parkchester, Pelham Bay, and Throgs Neck as well as City Island.

Like many Congressional districts around the country, the New York Seventh's boundaries were gerrymandered so as to link disparate and widely separated neighborhoods with a large percentage of minority voters (see majority-minority districts). While no minority in the district constitutes an absolute majority, the boundaries group together heavily Puerto Rican neighborhoods in three separate New York City boroughs.

Voting[edit]

Components: past and present[edit]

2013–present:

Parts of Brooklyn, Manhattan and Queens[3][4]

1993–2013:

Parts of Bronx, Queens

1953–1993:

Parts of Queens

1913–1953:

Parts of Brooklyn

Various New York districts have been numbered "7" over the years, including areas in New York City and various parts of upstate New York.

List of members representing the district[edit]

The 7th District originally was the south Queens seat in the 1960s and 1970s (now the 6th District) and then became a central Queens seat (essentially the old 8th district) in the 1980s. Following the 1992 remap, much of the old 9th District was added. The 2002 remap placed much of the district in the Bronx, and it now resembles the 1970s era 10th District.

Representative Party Years Electoral history
District created March 4, 1793
John E. Van Alen Pro-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Elected in 1793.
Re-elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Retired.
Federalist March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1799
John Thompson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
Elected in 1798.
Retired.
David Thomas (Salem, New York).jpg
David Thomas
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Elected in 1800.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
Vacant March 4, 1803 –
October 17, 1803
John Cantine was Elected in 1802 but resigned before the term began.
Josiah Hasbrouck Democratic-Republican October 17, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
Elected April 26–28, 1803 to finish Cantine's term and seated October 17, 1803.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Martin G. Schuneman Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1807
Elected in 1804.
Retired.
Barent Gardenier Federalist March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1809
Re-elected in 1806.
Redistricted to the 5th district.
Kiliaen K Van Rensselaer Semirestored.png
Killian K. Van Rensselaer
Federalist March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1811
Redistricted from the 9th district and re-elected in 1808.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Harmanus Bleecker.jpg
Harmanus Bleecker
Federalist March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
Re-elected in 1810.
Retired.
Abraham J. Hasbrouck.jpg
Abraham J. Hasbrouck
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Elected in 1812.
Retired.
Samuel Rossiter Betts.jpg
Samuel R. Betts
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
Re-elected in 1814.
Retired.
Josiah Hasbrouck Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
Elected in 1816.
Retired.
Jacob H. De Witt.jpg
Jacob H. De Witt
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Vacant March 4 - December 3, 1821 Elections were held in April 1821. It is unclear when results were announced or credentials issued.
Charles Herman Ruggles.jpg
Charles H. Ruggles
Federalist December 3, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Lemuel Jenkins Crawford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Abraham Bruyn Hasbrouck.jpg
Abraham Bruyn Hasbrouck
Adams March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
George O. Belden Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Charles G. De Witt Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
John C. Brodhead Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Charles Bodle Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Nicholas Sickles.jpg
Nicholas Sickles
Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
John C. Brodhead Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Rufus Palen Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
John Van Buren Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Joseph H. Anderson Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1847
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
William Nelson Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1851
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Abraham P. Stephens Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
unsuccessful candidate for renomination
William A. Walker Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Thomas Child Jr. Whig March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
never qualified or attended session
Elijah Ward - Brady-Handy.jpg
Elijah Ward
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
George Briggs - Brady-Handy.jpg
George Briggs
Republican / Constitutional Union March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Elijah Ward - Brady-Handy.jpg
Elijah Ward
Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to 6th district
John Winthrop Chanler 2.jpg
John W. Chanler
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1869
unsuccessful candidate for renomination
Hervey Calkin.jpg
Hervey C. Calkin
Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Smith Ely Jr. - Brady-Handy.jpg
Smith Ely Jr.
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Thomas J. Creamer.jpg
Thomas J. Creamer
Democratic March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Smith Ely Jr. - Brady-Handy.jpg
Smith Ely Jr.
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
December 11, 1876
resigned to become Mayor of New York City
Vacant December 11, 1876 –
January 11, 1877
[Data unknown/missing.]
David Field - Brady-Handy.jpg
David Dudley Field II
Democratic January 11, 1877 –
March 3, 1877
did not run for election to a full term
Anthony Eickhoff.jpg
Anthony Eickhoff
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Edwin Einstein.jpg
Edwin Einstein
Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
P. Henry Dugro.jpg
P. Henry Dugro
Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
William Dorsheimer.jpg
William Dorsheimer
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
John J. Adams Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1887
redistricted from 8th district.
Retired.
Lloyd Bryce.jpg
Lloyd Bryce
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Edward J. Dunphy.jpg
Edward J. Dunphy
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to 8th district
Franklin Bartlett.jpg
Franklin Bartlett
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1897
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
JohnHGVehslage.jpg
John H.G. Vehslage
Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
unsuccessful candidate for renomination
Nicholas Muller - Brady-Handy.jpg
Nicholas Muller
Democratic March 4, 1899 –
December 1, 1902
resigned
Vacant December 1, 1902 –
January 7, 1903
[Data unknown/missing.]
Montague Lessler.jpg
Montague Lessler
Republican January 7, 1903 –
March 3, 1903
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
John J Fitzgerald.jpg
John J. Fitzgerald
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
December 31, 1917
redistricted from 2nd district
resigned
Vacant January 1, 1918 –
March 5, 1918
[Data unknown/missing.]
John James Delaney.jpg
John J. Delaney
Democratic March 5, 1918 –
March 3, 1919
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
James P Maher.jpg
James P. Maher
Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
redistricted from 5th district
Michael J. Hogan.jpg
Michael J. Hogan
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
John F. Quayle.jpg
John F. Quayle
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
November 27, 1930
died
Vacant November 27, 1930 –
November 3, 1931
Martin V. O'Malley.jpg Rep.-elect Matthew V. O'Malley died
John James Delaney.jpg
John J. Delaney
Democratic November 3, 1931 –
November 18, 1948
died
Vacant November 19, 1948 –
February 14, 1949
[Data unknown/missing.]
Louis B. Heller.jpg
Louis B. Heller
Democratic February 15, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to 8th district
James J. Delaney.jpg
James J. Delaney
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1963
redistricted from 6th district
redistricted to 9th district
Joseph P. Addabbo.jpg
Joseph P. Addabbo
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1983
redistricted from 5th district
redistricted to 6th district
Benjamin S. Rosenthal.jpg
Benjamin S. Rosenthal
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 4, 1983
redistricted from 8th district
died
Vacant January 5, 1983 –
February 28, 1983
[Data unknown/missing.]
Gary Ackerman, official 109th Congress photo.jpg
Gary Ackerman
Democratic March 1, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to 5th district
ThomasManton.jpg
Thomas J. Manton
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1999
redistricted from 9th district
retired
Josephcrowley.jpeg
Joseph Crowley
Democratic January 3, 1999 –
January 3, 2013
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 14th district
Nydia Velázquez.jpg
Nydia Velázquez
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
present
Redistricted from the 12th district.

Election results[edit]

Note that in New York State electoral politics there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

US House election, 1870: New York District 7[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Smith Ely, Jr. 12,464 74.2
Republican David Hunter McAlpin 3,403 20.3
Tammany Republican Benjamin A. Willis 929 5.5
Majority 9.061 53.9
Turnout 16,796 100
US House election, 1984: New York District 7
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Gary L. Ackerman 97,674 69.3
Republican Gustave A. Reifenkugel 43,370 30.7
Majority 54,304 38.6
Turnout 131,044 100
US House election, 1996: New York District 7
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Thomas J. Manton 78,848 71.1
Republican Rose Birtley 32,092 28.9
Majority 46,756 42.1
Turnout 110,940 100
US House election, 1998: New York District 7
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Joseph Crowley 50,924 69.0 −2.1
Republican James J. Dillon 18,896 25.6 −3.3
Conservative Richard Rethco 3,960 5.4 +5.4
Majority 32,028 43.4 +1.3
Turnout 73,780 100 −33.5
US House election, 2000: New York District 7
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Joseph Crowley 78,207 71.5 +2.5
Republican Rose Robles Birtley 24,592 22.5 −3.1
Conservative Robert E. Hurley 3,131 2.9 −2.5
Green Paul Gilman 1,999 1.8 +1.8
Right to Life Garafalia Christea 1,172 1.1 +1.1
Majority 53,615 49.1 +5.7
Turnout 109,101 100 +47.9
US House election, 2002: New York District 7
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Joseph Crowley 50,967 73.3 +1.8
Republican Kevin Brawley 18,572 26.7 +4.2
Majority 32,395 46.6 2.5
Turnout 69,539 100 −36.3
US House election, 2004: New York District 7
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Joseph Crowley 104,275 80.9 +7.6
Republican Joseph Cinquemani 24,548 19.1 −7.6
Majority 79,727 61.9 +15.3
Turnout 128,823 100 +85.2
US House election, 2006: New York District 7
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Joe Crowley 63,997 84.0 +3.1
Republican Kevin Brawley 12,220 16.0 −3.1
Majority 51,777 67.9 +6.0
Turnout 76,217 100 −40.8
US House election, 2008: New York District 7
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Joe Crowley 118,459 84.7 +0.7
Republican William E. Britt, Jr. 21,477 15.3 −0.7
Majority 96,982 69.3 +1.4
Turnout 139,936 100 +83.6
US House election, 2010: New York District 7
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Joe Crowley 71,247 80.6 −4.1
Republican Kenneth A. Reynolds 16,145 18.3 +3.0
Green Anthony Gronowicz 1,038 1.1 +1.1
Majority 55,102 62.3 −7.0
Turnout 88,430 100 -36.8

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003–2013

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]