|New York's 3rd congressional district|
New York's 3rd congressional district since January 3, 2013
New York's 3rd congressional district is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives in the State of New York. It is represented by Democrat Tom Suozzi, who has been in office since 2017.
The district includes most of the North Shore of Long Island. It expands from northwestern Suffolk County, across northern Nassau County and into far northeastern Queens. Long Island communities in the district include Manhasset, Huntington, Northport, Commack, Dix Hills, Plainview, Bethpage, Hicksville, Syosset, Glen Cove, Roslyn, Port Washington and Great Neck. Queens neighborhoods in the district include Little Neck, Whitestone, Glen Oaks and Floral Park.
From 2003 to 2013, the district included southwestern Suffolk County and the eastern half of Nassau County, with some parts as far west as Island Park and Long Beach. Much of this area is now the 2nd congressional district; in effect, former Democratic U.S. Representative Steve Israel traded district numbers with Republican Peter T. King.
Recent statewide election results
History of the district
This district historically has been centered in northeast Nassau County, but has added other areas from time to time. In the 1960s the district encompassed the northern half of Nassau County and a small corner of Queens. In the 1970s North Hempstead town was added to the 6th District and the 3rd moved into Huntington in Suffolk County and parts of southeast Nassau County. In the 1980s most of eastern Nassau was added to the 4th District, and the 3rd was composed of northwest Nassau, a narrow corridor along LI Sound, and northwest Suffolk. After the 1992 redistricting the North Shore was transferred to the new 5th District and the 3rd consisted of inland areas of northern and eastern Nassau County, and the Nassau County south shore. An even narrower corridor linked the northwest Nassau and northwest Suffolk portion of the 5th District, leaving most of Oyster Bay in the 3rd. The 2002 remap removed some areas of eastern Nassau, but added south shore towns in Suffolk County and the shore areas of northeast Nassau. In 2012, the district moved from the South Shore to the North Shore and re-entered Queens for the first time since the 1960s.
List of members representing the district
1789–1805: one seat
|March 4, 1789 – |
March 3, 1793
|Elected in 1789.|
Re-elected in 1790.
Philip Van Cortlandt
|March 4, 1793 – |
March 3, 1795
|Elected in 1793.|
Re-elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1800.
Redistricted to the 4th district.
|March 4, 1795 –|
March 3, 1803
Samuel L. Mitchill
|March 4, 1803 – |
November 22, 1804
|8th||Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1802.|
Resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
|Vacant||November 22, 1804 –|
February 14, 1805
George Clinton Jr.
|February 14, 1805 – |
March 3, 1805
|8th||Elected to finish Mitchell's term.|
Also elected in the combined 2nd and 3rd districts, see below.
1805–1809: Two seats on general ticket with 2nd district
Gurdon S. Mumford is usually[by whom?] listed as member from the 2nd district, and George Clinton Jr. from the 3rd district, because Clinton was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the election of Mitchill to the U.S. Senate, and Mitchill had been elected previously in the 3rd district. However, in 1804 Mitchill was already re-elected on the 2nd/3rd general ticket, and both Clinton and Mumford were elected in special elections, receiving votes in both districts.
|Seat A||Seat B|
|Representative||Party||Electoral history||Representative||Party||Electoral history|
|March 4, 1805 – |
March 3, 1809
|Gurdon S. Mumford||Democratic-Republican||Daniel D. Tompkins was elected in 1804 but declined the seat when appointed to the New York Supreme Court. |
Elected to begin Tompkins's term.
Re-elected in 1806.
George Clinton Jr.
|Democratic-Republican||Samuel L. Mitchill (of the 3rd district) was re-elected in 1804 but resigned November 22, 1804 when elected U.S. Senator.|
Elected to begin Mitchell's term.
Re-elected in 1806.
The districts were separated in 1809.
1809–1823: one seat
|March 4, 1809 – |
March 3, 1811
|11th||Elected in 1808.|
Pierre Van Cortlandt Jr.
|March 4, 1811 – |
March 3, 1813
|12th||Elected in 1810.|
|Peter Denoyelles||Democratic- |
|March 4, 1813 – |
March 3, 1815
|13th||Elected in 1812.|
|Jonathan Ward||Democratic- |
|March 4, 1815 – |
March 3, 1817
|14th||Elected in 1814.|
|March 4, 1817 – |
March 3, 1821
|Elected in 1816.|
Re-elected in 1818.
|Vacant||March 4, 1821– |
December 3, 1821
|Elections were held in April 1821. It is unclear when results were announced or credentials issued.|
|Jeremiah H. Pierson||Democratic- |
|December 3, 1821 – |
March 3, 1823
1823–1843: three, then four, seats
Starting in 1823, three seats were elected at-large district-wide on a general ticket. In 1833, a fourth seat was apportioned to the district, also elected district-wide at-large on the same general ticket.
The single-seat district was restored in 1843.
Recent election results
In New York State there are numerous parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").
|Republican||Peter T. King||127,972||55.3|
|Right to Life||John J. O'Shea||4,129||1.8|
|Liberal||John A. DePrima||1,807||0.8|
|Republican||Peter T. King||117,258||64.3||+9.0|
|Democratic||Kevin N. Langberg||63,628||34.9||−7.2|
|Liberal||Thomas R. DiLavore||1,497||0.8||+0.0|
|Republican||Peter T. King||143,126||59.5||−4.8|
|Republican||Peter T. King||121,537||71.9||+12.4|
|Democratic||Stuart L. Finz||46,022||27.2||−12.6|
|Republican||Peter T. King||171,259||63.0||−8.9|
|Democratic||Blair H. Mathies, Jr.||100,737||37.0||+9.8|
|Republican||Peter T. King||101,787||56.0||−7.0|
|Republican||Peter T. King||135,648||64.0||+8.0|
|Republican||Peter T. King||126,142||72.0||+8.0|
Historical district boundaries
- List of United States congressional districts
- New York's congressional districts
- United States congressional delegations from New York
- "New York congressional districts by urban and rural population and land area". United States Census Bureau. June 8, 2017. Archived from the original on November 21, 2019. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-03-05. Retrieved 2010-03-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
- National atlas congressional maps