New York's 16th congressional district

New York's 16th congressional district
New York US Congressional District 16 (since 2013).tif
New York 's 16th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Eliot Engel
DBronx
Median income$69,463[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+24[2]

New York's 16th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives represented by Eliot Engel.

The 16th district includes the northern Bronx and the southern half of Westchester County, including the suburban cities of Mount Vernon, Yonkers, New Rochelle, and Rye.

From 2003 to 2013, the district included the neighborhoods of Bedford Park, East Tremont, Fordham, Hunts Point, Melrose, Highbridge, Morrisania, Mott Haven and University Heights. Yankee Stadium, Fordham University and the Bronx Zoo were located within the district. Before redistricting, the 2010 Census found that approximately 38% of constituents in New York's 16th lived at or below the federal poverty line, the highest poverty rate of any congressional district in the nation.[3] These neighborhoods were largely reassigned to the 15th district after redistricting, while the current 16th comprises most of the territory that had previously been the 17th District. The current 16th district, while still containing impoverished areas, such as some neighborhoods of Mount Vernon, also contains affluent areas, such as in Scarsdale and Rye, resulting in a more mixed-income demography.

In 2008, the previous version of this district gave Barack Obama his largest victory margin of any congressional district, a margin of 90% (95%-5%).[4] The current configuration of the 16th district is not as overwhelmingly Democratic as the previous version, but retains a Democratic majority.

Election results from presidential races[edit]

Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 81 - 15%
1996 President Clinton 94 - 4%
2000 President Gore 92 - 5%
2004 President Kerry 89 - 10%
2008 President Obama 95 - 5%
2012 President Obama 73.7 - 25.5%
2016 President H. Clinton 75.5 - 22.5%

List of members representing the district[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history Location
District created 1803
John Paterson (Continental Army General).jpg
John Paterson
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
Elected in 1802.
Retired.
1803–1813
[Data unknown/missing.]
Uri Tracy Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1807
Re-elected in 1804.
Lost re-election.
Reuben Humphreys.jpg
Reuben Humphrey
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1809
Elected in 1806.
[Data unknown/missing.]
District eliminated March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1813
MorrisSMiller.jpg
Morris S. Miller
Federalist March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Elected in 1812.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1813–1823
Oneida County and the ex-Oneida part of Oswego County
Thomas Ruggles Gold (New York Congressman).jpg
Thomas R. Gold
Federalist March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
Elected in 1814.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Henry R. Storrs Federalist March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1821
Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Lost renomination.
Vacant March 4, 1821 –
December 3, 1821
Elections were held in April 1821. It is unclear when results were announced or credentials issued.
JosephKirklandCongressman.jpg
Joseph Kirkland
Federalist December 3, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Elected in 1821.
[Data unknown/missing.]
John W. Cady Adams-Clay
Democratic-Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Elected in 1822.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1823–1833
Montgomery County
Henry Markell Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
[Data unknown/missing.]
Benedict Arnold Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
[Data unknown/missing.]
Nathan Soule Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
[Data unknown/missing.]
Abijah Mann Jr. Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
Arphaxed Loomis Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
[Data unknown/missing.]
Andrew W. Doig Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Chesselden Ellis Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
[Data unknown/missing.]
HughWhiteCongressmanNewYork.jpg
Hugh White
Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1851
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Wells Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
George A. Simmons Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
[Data unknown/missing.]
Opposition March 4, 1855 –
May 30, 1857
[Data unknown/missing.]
GW Palmer NY.jpg
George W. Palmer
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1861
[Data unknown/missing.]
VicePresident-WmAlWheeler.jpg
William A. Wheeler
Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
Orlando Kellogg.jpg
Orlando Kellogg
Republican March 4, 1863 –
August 24, 1865
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant August 24, 1865 –
December 3, 1866
Robert S. Hale.jpg
Robert S. Hale
Republican December 3, 1866 –
March 3, 1867
[Data unknown/missing.]
Orange Ferriss.jpg
Orange Ferriss
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Rogers Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
[Data unknown/missing.]
James S. Smart Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
[Data unknown/missing.]
Charles H. Adams - Brady-Handy.jpg
Charles H. Adams
Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
[Data unknown/missing.]
Terence J. Quinn - Brady-Handy.jpg
Terence J. Quinn
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
June 18, 1878
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant June 18, 1878 –
November 5, 1878
John Mosher Bailey.jpg
John Mosher Bailey
Republican November 5, 1878 –
March 3, 1881
[Data unknown/missing.]
Michael N. Nolan.jpg
Michael N. Nolan
Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thomas J. Van Alstyne.jpg
Thomas J. Van Alstyne
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Henry Ketcham.jpg
John H. Ketcham
Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1893
Redistricted from 13th district
William Ryan (Port Chester).jpg
William Ryan
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
[Data unknown/missing.]
Benjamin L. Fairchild.jpg
Benjamin L. Fairchild
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
[Data unknown/missing.]
William Lukens Ward.jpg
William L. Ward
Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Q. Underhill.jpg
John Q. Underhill
Democratic March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
[Data unknown/missing.]
Cornelius Amory Pugsley.jpg
Cornelius A. Pugsley
Democratic March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
[Data unknown/missing.]
Jacob Ruppert 1923.jpg
Jacob Ruppert
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1907
Redistricted from 15th district
Francis Burton Harrison.jpg
Francis B. Harrison
Democratic March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to 20th district
PeterJDooling.jpg
Peter J. Dooling
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1919
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to 15th district
Thomas F. Smith (NY).jpg
Thomas F. Smith
Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
Redistricted from 15th district
William Bourke Cockran (ca. 1903).jpg
William Bourke Cockran
Democratic March 4, 1921 –
March 1, 1923
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant March 1, 1923 –
November 6, 1923
John J O'Connor.jpg
John J. O'Connor
Democratic November 6, 1923 –
January 3, 1939
[Data unknown/missing.]
James H. Fay Congress.jpg
James H. Fay
Democratic January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
[Data unknown/missing.]
William T. Pheiffer (New York Congressman).jpg
William T. Pheiffer
Republican January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
[Data unknown/missing.]
James H. Fay Congress.jpg
James H. Fay
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
[Data unknown/missing.]
Ellsworth Buck.jpg
Ellsworth B. Buck
Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1949
Redistricted from 11th district
James J. Murphy.jpg
James J. Murphy
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
[Data unknown/missing.]
Adam Clayon Powell Jr.jpg
Adam Clayton Powell Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1963
Redistricted from 22nd district
Redistricted to 18th district
John M. Murphy.jpg
John M. Murphy
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1973
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to 17th district
Elizabeth Holtzman.jpg
Elizabeth Holtzman
Democratic January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1981
Unsuccessful Candidate for the United States Senate
Schumer-1987-.jpg
Chuck Schumer
Democratic January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to 10th district
Charles Rangel Official Portrait.jpg
Charles Rangel
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
Redistricted from 19th district
Redistricted to 15th district
Josieserrano.jpeg
José E. Serrano
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2013
Redistricted from 18th district
Redistricted to 15th district
Eliot Engel, official photo portrait.jpg
Eliot Engel
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
Redistricted from the 17th district. 2013–present
[Data unknown/missing.]

Election results[edit]

Note that in New York State electoral politics there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

US House election, 2010: New York District 16
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic José E. Serrano 58,478 90.8
Working Families José E. Serrano 3,164 4.9
total José E. Serrano 61,642 95.7 -0.9
Republican Frank Della Valle 2,257 3.5
Conservative Frank Della Valle 501 0.8
total Frank Della Valle 2,758 4.3 +0.9
Majority 58,884 91.4 -1.8
Turnout 64,400 100 -51.1
US House election, 2008: New York District 16
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic José E. Serrano 123,312 93.7
Working Families José E. Serrano 3,867 2.9
total José E. Serrano 127,179 96.6 +1.3
Republican Ali Mohamed 3,941 3.0
Conservative Ali Mohamed 547 0.4
total Ali Mohamed 4,488 3.4 -1.3
Majority 122,691 93.2 +2.6
Turnout 131,667 100 +123.6
US House election, 2006: New York District 16
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic José E. Serrano 53,179 90.3
Working Families José E. Serrano 2,945 5.0
total José E. Serrano 56,124 95.3 +0.1
Republican Ali Mohamed 2,045 3.5
Conservative Ali Mohamed 714 1.2
total Ali Mohamed 2,759 4.7 -0.1
Majority 53,365 90.6 +0.2
Turnout 58,883 100 -49.8
US House election, 2004: New York District 16
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic José E. Serrano 106,739 91.0
Working Families José E. Serrano 4,899 4.2
total José E. Serrano 111,638 95.2 +3.1
Republican Ali Mohamed 4,917 4.2
Conservative Ali Mohamed 693 0.6
total Ali Mohamed 5,610 4.8 -3.1
Majority 106,028 90.4 +6.3
Turnout 117,248 100 +112.9
US House election, 2002: New York District 16
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic José E. Serrano 50,716 92.1 -3.7
Republican Frank DellaValle 4,366 7.9 +4.2
Majority 46,350 84.1 -8.1
Turnout 55,082 100 -48.8
US House election, 2000: New York District 16
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic José E. Serrano 103,041 95.8 +0.4
Republican Aaron Justice 3,934 3.7 +0.2
Conservative Richard Retcho 571 0.5 -0.6
Majority 99,107 92.2 +0.2
Turnout 107,546 100 +52.4
US House election, 1998: New York District 16
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic José E. Serrano 67,367 95.4 -0.9
Republican Thomas W. Bayley, Jr. 2,457 3.5 +0.6
Conservative Owen Camp 756 1.1 +0.3
Majority 64,910 92.0 -1.4
Turnout 70,580 100 -28.9
US House election, 1996: New York District 16
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic José E. Serrano 95,568 96.3
Republican Rodney Torres 2,878 2.9
Conservative Owen Camp 787 0.8
Majority 92,690 93.4
Turnout 99,233 100

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°56′23″N 73°47′28″W / 40.93972°N 73.79111°W / 40.93972; -73.79111