|General Secretary||Artis Kampars|
|Founded||2010 (electoral alliance)|
6 August 2011 (party)
|Merger of||New Era Party,|
Society for Other Politics
|Headquarters||Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics Boulevard 12-3 Riga LV-1050|
|Youth wing||Vienotības Jaunatnes organizācija|
|Political position||Centre to centre-right|
|European affiliation||European People's Party|
|European Parliament group||European People's Party|
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Unity (Latvian: Vienotība) is a liberal-conservative political party in Latvia. It is currently the largest party of the centre-right in Latvian politics and was the leading party in the Dombrovskis and Straujuma cabinets from its inception in 2010 until February 2016 and is a member of the current coalition since January 2019 with its member Krišjānis Kariņš as Prime Minister. Unity is a member of the European People's Party (EPP).
The party was founded as an electoral alliance of the New Era Party, Civic Union, and the Society for Political Change on 6 March 2010. It was reportedly founded in a bid to form a counterweight to the left-wing Harmony Centre alliance, which had been strengthening in polls and elections, while the other right-wing parties (People's Party, For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK and LPP/LC) were below the electoral threshold of 5%. On 6 August 2011 the alliance was transformed into a single political party.
Its current president since 19 August 2017 is the current Minister for Economics of Latvia, Arvils Ašeradens, who succeeded former European Commissioner Andris Piebalgs. For the 2014 general election, Unity announced an electoral pact with the Reform Party, which was followed by a full absorption in March 2015.
After the demise of the Straujuma cabinet in 2015, the party has suffered from internal conflicts and defections of MPs to other political parties, undermining its ratings. lt was the largest parliamentary party in the Kučinskis cabinet and it held 5 ministerial portfolios in the 2016 to 2018 cabinet.
New Unity alliance (2018–present)
Before the 2018 elections the party formed the New Unity (Latvian: Jaunā Vienotība, JV) electoral party alliance (the party itself is still registered as Unity) in April 2018 together with the regional Kuldīga County Party, For Valmiera and Vidzeme and For Tukums City and County parties, joined by the Jēkabpils Regional Party in June. The Latgale Party, a previous partner of Unity, was uncertain whether to join New Unity, since a faction of the party supported a partnership with the Latvian Association of Regions, ultimately signing a cooperation agreement in July. An offer to join the list was also extended to the liberal Movement For! and the center-left Progressives party, but both parties eventually declined.
While the JV list performed poorly, surpassing the 5% threshold only by 1.7% and becoming the smallest party in the parliament, the subsequent failure of the candidates for PM from the New Conservative Party and KPV LV to form a government by early January 2019 urged the President of Latvia, Raimonds Vējonis, to offer the opportunity to JV's candidate, former MEP Krišjānis Kariņš. The Kariņš cabinet, consisting of JV, the New Conservatives, KPV LV, Development/For!, the National Alliance was approved by the Saeima on 23 January 2019.
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|2014||204,979||46.2 (#1)|| |
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|1||European People's Party|
|2019||124,193||26.2 (#1)|| |
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|2||European People's Party|
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