New Unity

Unity

Vienotība
PresidentArvils Ašeradens
ChairpersonJānis Rozenbergs
General SecretaryArtis Kampars
Founded2010 (2010) (electoral alliance)
6 August 2011 (2011-08-06) (party)
Merger ofNew Era Party,
Civic Union,
Society for Other Politics
HeadquartersZigfrīds Anna Meierovics Boulevard 12-3 Riga LV-1050
Youth wingVienotības Jaunatnes organizācija[1]
Membership (2017)2,397[2]
IdeologyLiberal conservatism[3]
Liberalism[4]
Pro-Europeanism
Political positionCentre to centre-right[5]
European affiliationEuropean People's Party[6]
International affiliationNone
European Parliament groupEuropean People's Party
ColoursGreen
Saeima
8 / 100
European Parliament
2 / 8
Website
http://www.vienotiba.lv/

Unity[7] (Latvian: Vienotība) is a liberal-conservative[3] political party in Latvia. It is currently the largest party of the centre-right in Latvian politics and was the leading party in the Dombrovskis and Straujuma cabinets from its inception in 2010 until February 2016 and is a member of the current coalition since January 2019 with its member Krišjānis Kariņš as Prime Minister. Unity is a member of the European People's Party (EPP).

History[edit]

The party was founded as an electoral alliance of the New Era Party, Civic Union, and the Society for Political Change on 6 March 2010. It was reportedly founded in a bid to form a counterweight to the left-wing Harmony Centre alliance,[8] which had been strengthening in polls and elections, while the other right-wing parties (People's Party, For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK and LPP/LC) were below the electoral threshold of 5%.[9] On 6 August 2011 the alliance was transformed into a single political party.[10]

Its current president since 19 August 2017 is the current Minister for Economics of Latvia, Arvils Ašeradens,[11] who succeeded former European Commissioner Andris Piebalgs.[12] For the 2014 general election, Unity announced an electoral pact with the Reform Party, which was followed by a full absorption in March 2015.[13]

After the demise of the Straujuma cabinet in 2015, the party has suffered from internal conflicts and defections of MPs to other political parties, undermining its ratings.[14][15][16][17] lt was the largest parliamentary party in the Kučinskis cabinet and it held 5 ministerial portfolios in the 2016 to 2018 cabinet.

New Unity alliance (2018–present)[edit]

Before the 2018 elections the party formed the New Unity (Latvian: Jaunā Vienotība, JV) electoral party alliance (the party itself is still registered as Unity)[18] in April 2018 together with the regional Kuldīga County Party, For Valmiera and Vidzeme and For Tukums City and County parties, joined by the Jēkabpils Regional Party in June.[19][20] The Latgale Party, a previous partner of Unity, was uncertain whether to join New Unity, since a faction of the party supported a partnership with the Latvian Association of Regions,[21] ultimately signing a cooperation agreement in July.[22] An offer to join the list was also extended to the liberal Movement For! and the center-left Progressives party, but both parties eventually declined.[23]

While the JV list performed poorly, surpassing the 5% threshold only by 1.7% and becoming the smallest party in the parliament, the subsequent failure of the candidates for PM from the New Conservative Party and KPV LV to form a government by early January 2019 urged the President of Latvia, Raimonds Vējonis, to offer the opportunity to JV's candidate, former MEP Krišjānis Kariņš. The Kariņš cabinet, consisting of JV, the New Conservatives, KPV LV, Development/For!, the National Alliance was approved by the Saeima on 23 January 2019.[24][25][26]

Election results[edit]

Parliament (Saeima)[edit]

year votes % seats +/– Government
2010 301,424 31.9
33 / 100
Increase 15 Yes
2011 172,567 18.8
20 / 100
Decrease 13 Yes
2014 199,535 21.9
23 / 100
Increase 3 Yes
2018 56,542 6.7
8 / 100
Decrease 15 Yes

European Parliament[edit]

year votes % seats +/– EP Group
2014 204,979 46.2 (#1)
4 / 8
Increase 1 European People's Party
2019 124,193 26.2 (#1)
2 / 8
Decrease 2 European People's Party

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vienotiba/Youth, Unity (www.vienotiba.lv), retrieved on 13 March 2015
  2. ^ "What's up with Latvia's feeble civic engagement?". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. 3 January 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  3. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2018). "Latvia". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  4. ^ "Parliamentary elections in Latvia: the fragmentation of the political scene". Centre for Eastern Studies. 10 October 2018.
  5. ^ "13th Saeima elections: The parties (Part 4)". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. 17 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  6. ^ EPP/Latvia, European People's Party (www.epp.eu), retrieved on 28 March 2012
  7. ^ "Legal entity". Register of Enterprises of the Republic of Latvia. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  8. ^ Unity has potential, but faces rocky road Archived 17 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Latviansonline.com (14 March 2010). Retrieved on 19 September 2011.
  9. ^ Harmony Centre is Most Popular Latvian Party | Angus Reid Public Opinion Archived 9 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Angus-reid.com. Retrieved on 19 September 2011.
  10. ^ Apollo – Ziņas: Izveidota partija «Vienotība» Archived 8 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Apollo.lv. Retrieved on 19 September 2011.
  11. ^ "New leader at the helm of Unity party". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  12. ^ "New leader of Latvia's Unity party calls for reconciliation among members, fresh start". The Baltic Times. 5 June 2016. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  13. ^ 'Vienotība' un RP vienojas par kopīgu startu 12.Saeimas vēlēšanās, LETA, 27 December 2013, accessed 21 September 2014
  14. ^ "Kampars: Unity is accused of not taking interest in society's woes aka the arrogance created by Āboltiņa's symbol". Baltic News Network. 10 November 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  15. ^ "Unpopular MP booted from Unity party". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. 6 November 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  16. ^ "Political expert: Unity will not disappear just yet". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  17. ^ Kaža, Juris (14 August 2018). "Who is who in upcoming Latvian parliamentary elections". Re:Baltica. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  18. ^ "Legal entity". Uzņēmumu reģistra tīmekļvietne. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  19. ^ "Unity may become New Unity; Kariņš may become prime minister candidate". Baltic News Network. 21 April 2018. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  20. ^ DELFI (16 June 2018). "'Jaunajai Vienotībai' pievienojas Jēkabpils reģionālā partija". DELFI (in Latvian). Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  21. ^ Egle, Ināra (23 May 2018). "Latgales partija ir apjukusi ("The Latgale Party is confused")". Diena.lv. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  22. ^ "New Unity and Latgales party announce joint start at 13th Saeima elections". Baltic News Network. 2 July 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  23. ^ ""Par!" neiesaistīsies "Vienotības" piedāvātajā apvienībā ar reģionu partijām". Valmieras Ziņas (in Latvian). 19 February 2018. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  24. ^ "The Saeima approves the government formed by Arturs Krišjānis Kariņš". The Saeima of the Republic of Latvia. 23 January 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  25. ^ "Parliament approves Latvia's new coalition government". Xinhua. 23 January 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  26. ^ "Latvia gets a new government led by Krišjānis Kariņš". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. 23 January 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.

External links[edit]