New Jersey's 11th congressional district

New Jersey's 11th congressional district
New Jersey's 11th congressional district (2013).svg
District map as of 2013
Representative
  Mikie Sherrill
DMontclair
Distribution
  • 96.21% urban
  • 3.79% rural
Population (2017)729,569[1]
Median income$112,348[2]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+3[3]

New Jersey's 11th Congressional District is a suburban district in northern New Jersey.[4] The district includes portions of Essex, Morris, Passaic, and Sussex Counties;[5] it is centered in Morris County.[6] The district is one of the 10 most affluent congressional districts in the United States.[7] As of February 2019, the typically Republican-leaning[8] district is represented by Democrat Mikie Sherrill.[9]

Counties and municipalities in the district[edit]

For the 113th and successive Congresses (based on redistricting following the 2010 Census), the district contains all or portions of four counties and 54 municipalities.[10][11]

Essex County:

Bloomfield (part; also 10th), Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Montclair (part; also 10th), North Caldwell, Nutley, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell, West Orange (part; also 10th).

Morris County:

Boonton Town, Boonton Township, Butler, Chatham Borough, Chatham Township, Denville, East Hanover, Florham Park, Hanover, Harding, Jefferson Township, Kinnelon, Lincoln Park, Madison, Mendham Borough, Mendham Township, Montville, Morris Plains, Morris Township, Morristown Town, Mountain Lakes, Parsippany-Troy Hills, Pequannock, Randolph Township, Riverdale, Rockaway Borough, Rockaway Township and Victory Gardens.

Passaic County:

Bloomingdale, Little Falls, North Haledon, Pompton Lakes, Totowa, Wanaque, Wayne and Woodland Park.

Sussex County:

Byram Township, Hopatcong, Ogdensburg, Sparta Township and Stanhope.

History[edit]

The 11th congressional district (together with the 12th) was created in 1913 based on the results of the 1910 United States Census.[citation needed]

Prior to a redistricting in the early 1980s, the 11th congressional district was centered in Essex County.[citation needed] The congressional seat was held by Democrats for almost 36 years.[citation needed] The early 1980s redistricting, conducted under a Republican-dominated legislature, shifted the focus of the district to the Republican-dominated Morris County.[citation needed] In 1984, Republican Dean Gallo defeated 22-year incumbent Democrat Joseph Minish.[citation needed] The district became one of the most reliably Republican districts in the Northeast.[citation needed]

2018 election[edit]

In January 2018, 12-term incumbent Republican Rodney Frelinghuysen announced that he would not seek re-election; earlier, leading political observers had rated the district as a "toss-up" in the November 2018 election.[12][13] Mikie Sherrill, a former Navy helicopter pilot and federal prosecutor, was the Democratic nominee in 2018. Assemblymember Jay Webber of New Jersey's 26th Assembly District was the Republican nominee. Attorney Ryan Martinez was the Libertarian Party nominee.[14] On November 6th, 2018, Sherrill prevailed by an unexpectedly large margin,[15] defeating Webber 56.8%-42.1%. The district shifted 33% towards the Democrats; this was the largest partisan swing of any congressional district in the nation in 2018.[16]

Recent election results in statewide races[edit]

Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 54 - 43%
2004 President Bush 58 - 42%
2008 President McCain 54 - 45%
2012 President Romney 52 - 47%
2016 President Trump 48.8 - 47.9%

List of members representing the district[edit]

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
District Home Electoral history Counties/Towns
District created March 4, 1913
John J. Eagan (New Jersey Congressman).jpg
John J. Eagan
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
63rd
64th
65th
66th
Weehawken [Data unknown/missing.] Parts of Hudson (Guttenberg, Hoboken, North Bergen, Secaucus, Union City, Weehawken, West New York)
ArchibaldEOlpp.jpg
Archibald E. Olpp
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67th Secaucus [Data unknown/missing.]
John J. Eagan (New Jersey Congressman).jpg
John J. Eagan
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68th Weehawken [Data unknown/missing.]
Oscar L. Auf der Heide (New Jersey Congressman).jpg
Oscar L. Auf der Heide
Democratic March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1933
69th
70th
71st
72nd
West New York Redistricted to the 14th district.
Peter A. Cavicchia (New Jersey Congressman).png
Peter Angelo Cavicchia
Republican March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1937
73rd
74th
Newark Redistricted from the 9th district. Parts of Essex (the Oranges and parts of Newark)
EdwardLONeill.jpg
Edward L. O'Neill
Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
75th Newark [Data unknown/missing.]
Albert L. Vreeland Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1943
76th
77th
East Orange [Data unknown/missing.]
Frank Sundstrom Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
78th
79th
80th
East Orange [Data unknown/missing.]
Hugh Addonizio.jpg
Hugh Joseph Addonizio
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
June 30, 1962
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Newark Resigned after being elected Mayor of Newark.
Vacant June 30, 1962 –
January 3, 1963
Joseph Minishs.jpg
Joseph Minish
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
West Orange Lost re-election after redistricting.
January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1967
Parts of Essex (Maplewood, the Oranges, Verona, and parts of Newark)
January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1973
Parts of Essex (Maplewood, the Oranges, and parts of Newark)
January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1983
Parts of Essex, Passaic (Little Falls and West Paterson),}} and Union (Hillside)}}
January 3, 1983 –

January 3, 1985

Parts of Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Morris, and Passaic
Dean Gallo.jpg
Dean Gallo
Republican January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1993
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
Parsippany-Troy Hills Died. Parts of Essex, Morris, Sussex, and Warren
January 3, 1993 –
November 6, 1994
Morris and parts of Essex, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex
Vacant November 6, 1994 –
January 3, 1995
Rodney Frelinghuysen official photo, 114th Congress.jpg
Rodney Frelinghuysen
Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2003
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
Harding Elected in 1994.

Retired.
January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2013
NJ11congressdistrict Morris and parts of Essex, Passaic, Somerset, and Sussex
January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2019
Parts of Essex, Morris, Passaic, and Sussex
Mikie Sherrill, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Mikie Sherrill
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
Present
116th Montclair Incumbent.

Living former members of the House[edit]

As of January 2019, there is one living former member. The most recent representative to die was Joseph Minish (served 1963–1985) on November 24, 2007. The most recently serving representative to die was Dean Gallo (served 1985–1994), who died in office on November 6, 1994.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Rodney Frelinghuysen 1995–2019 (1946-04-29) April 29, 1946 (age 73)

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=34&cd=11
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=34&cd=11
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ https://www.njspotlight.com/stories/18/10/01/11th-district-leans-republican-but-democrats-think-sherrill-can-flip-it/
  5. ^ https://www.state.nj.us/transportation/gis/maps/congressional1220.pdf
  6. ^ https://www.njherald.com/20181107/democrats-take-11th-district-as-sherrill-wins#
  7. ^ https://finance.yahoo.com/news/midterms-one-party-controls-wealthiest-184200649.html
  8. ^ https://www.njherald.com/20181107/democrats-take-11th-district-as-sherrill-wins
  9. ^ Salant, Jonathan D. (January 29, 2018). "https://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2018/11/voters_decide_the_11th_congressional_district_race.html". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 29 January 2018. External link in |title= (help)
  10. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed November 6, 2016.
  11. ^ https://www.state.nj.us/transportation/gis/maps/congressional1220.pdf
  12. ^ "2018 House Race Ratings". The Cook Political Report. March 8, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  13. ^ "Roll Call's 2018 Election Guide". The Economist Group. March 12, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  14. ^ New Jersey primary results accessed June 6, 2018 https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/06/05/us/elections/results-new-jersey-primary-elections.html
  15. ^ https://www.politico.com/election-results/2018/new-jersey/#NJ-11
  16. ^ https://www.politico.com/election-results/2018/new-jersey/#NJ-11

Coordinates: 40°54′N 74°36′W / 40.90°N 74.60°W / 40.90; -74.60