Nelson Taylor

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Nelson Taylor
Nelson Taylor.jpg
Member of the United States House of Representatives from New York's 5th district
In office
March 4, 1865 – March 3, 1867
Preceded byFernando Wood
Succeeded byJohn Morrissey
Member of the California Senate from San Joaquin, California
In office
Succeeded byWilliam D. Fairhead
Personal details
Born(1821-06-08)June 8, 1821
South Norwalk, Connecticut
DiedJanuary 16, 1894(1894-01-16) (aged 72)
South Norwalk, Connecticut
Resting placeRiverside Cemetery, Norwalk, Connecticut
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Mary Ann Taylor (1823 – 1908)
ChildrenNelson Taylor Jr. (1854 – 1912)
Military service
AllegianceUnited States of America
Branch/serviceUnited States Army
Union Army
RankUnion Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Brigadier General
Commands72nd New York Infantry
Excelsior Brigade
Battles/warsMexican–American War
American Civil War

Nelson Taylor (June 8, 1821 – January 16, 1894) was a U.S. Representative from New York and a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.


Born in South Norwalk, Connecticut, Taylor attended the common schools. He enlisted for the Mexican–American War as a captain in the First Regiment, New York Volunteer Infantry, August 1, 1846, and was sent to California in 1846 just before the outbreak of the war. He was honorably mustered out September 18, 1848. He remained in California and engaged in business at Stockton. He served as member of the California Senate from San Joaquin 1850-1856. He served as president of the board of trustees of the State insane asylum 1850-1856.

Taylor was elected sheriff of San Joaquin County in 1855. He moved to New York City. He was graduated from the law department of Harvard University in 1860. He was admitted to the bar and practiced. He was an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for election in 1860 to the Thirty-seventh Congress. He was commissioned colonel of the 72nd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, July 23, 1861, and commanded the Excelsior Brigade during the autumn of 1862. He was a Brigadier general of Volunteers September 7, 1862. He resigned from the service January 19, 1863. He resumed the practice of law in New York City.

Taylor was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-ninth Congress (March 4, 1865 – March 3, 1867). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1866 to the Fortieth Congress. He moved to South Norwalk, Connecticut, in 1869 and continued the practice of law. He served several times as city attorney. He died in South Norwalk, Connecticut, January 16, 1894. He was interred in Riverside Cemetery.

He was the father of Nelson Taylor Jr., the mayor of South Norwalk, Connecticut in 1885, and Connecticut State Senator until 1888.

See also[edit]


 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Fernando Wood
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 5th congressional district

Succeeded by
John Morrissey