National Corporate Party

National Corporate Party
LeaderEoin O'Duffy
Founded1935 (1935)
Dissolved1937 (1937)
Split fromFine Gael
HeadquartersDublin
Paramilitary wingGreenshirts
IdeologyIrish republicanism
Fascist corporatism
Clerical fascism
Political positionFar-right
International affiliationFascist International
Colours     Green
Party flag
Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg
St Patrick's saltire

The National Corporate Party was a fascist political party in Ireland founded by Eoin O'Duffy in June 1935 at a meeting of 500.[1][2] It split from Fine Gael when O'Duffy was removed as leader of that party, which had been founded by the merger of O'Duffy's Blueshirts, formally known as the National Guard or Army Comrades Association, with Cumann na nGaedheal, and the National Centre Party.[3]

The National Corporate Party wished to establish a corporate state in Ireland and was strongly anti-communist.[3] Its military wing was the Greenshirts.[3] Around eighty of the Blueshirts later became Greenshirts. The party raised funds through public dances.[4] Unlike the Blueshirts, whose aim had been the establishment of a corporate state while remaining within the British Commonwealth in order to appease moderates within Fine Gael, the National Corporate Party was committed to the establishment of a republic outside of the British Empire with O'Duffy presenting his party as the true successor to the ideals of the Easter Rising.[5] The party also committed itself to the preservation and promotion of the Irish language and Gaelic culture, something that would be echoed by a later fascist party in Ireland, Ailtirí na hAiséirghe.[6]

It failed to gain much support however, with the majority of Fine Gael members remaining loyal to that party and O'Duffy only securing a handful of loyal supporters for his group.[7]

O'Duffy left Ireland in 1936 to led a volunteer Irish Brigade in the Spanish Civil War, an action which led to further decline in the National Corporate Party.[7] He retired on his return in 1937. Without him, both the Greenshirts and National Corporate Party faded away. The party was defunct by 1937.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://books.google.ie/books?id=qps14mSlghcC&pg=PA234&dq=national+corporate+party&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiAn4nclLXcAhUHe8AKHeCPBvMQ6AEIJTAA#v=onepage&q=national%20corporate%20party&f=false
  2. ^ http://www.historyireland.com/20th-century-contemporary-history/eoin-oduffys-blueshirts-and-the-abyssinian-crisis/
  3. ^ a b c d Barberis, Peter, John McHugh and Mike Tyldesley, 2005. Encyclopedia of British and Irish Political Organisations. London: Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 0-8264-5814-9, ISBN 978-0-8264-5814-8
  4. ^ https://irishelectionliterature.com/2013/05/27/a-number-of-ads-for-events-to-do-with-eoin-oduffys-national-corporate-party/
  5. ^ Martin White, The Greenshirts: Fascism in the Irish Free State, 1935-45, p. 59 & 60
  6. ^ Martin White, The Greenshirts: Fascism in the Irish Free State, 1935-45, p. 64
  7. ^ a b John M. Regan, The Irish Counter-Revolution 1921-1936, Gill & Macmillan, 1999, p. 370

Sources[edit]