The grapheme Ň (minuscule: ň) is a letter in the Czech, Slovak and Turkmen alphabets. It is formed from Latin N with the addition of a caron (háček in Czech and mäkčeň in Slovak) and follows plain N in the alphabet. Ň and ň are at Unicode codepoints U+0147 and U+0148, respectively.
In Czech and Slovak, ň represents /ɲ/, the palatal nasal, as in English canyon. Thus, it has the same function as Serbo-Croatian nj, French gn, Hungarian ny, Polish ń, Portuguese nh, Spanish ñ and Russian and Ukrainian нь.
In the 19th century, it was used in Croatian for the same sound.
In Slovakian, ne is pronounced ňe. In Czech, this syllable is written ně. In Czech and Slovakian, ni is pronounced ňi. In Russian, Ukrainian and similar languages, soft vowels (е, и, ё, ю, я) also change previous н to нь in pronunciation.
In Turkmen, ň represents the sound /ŋ/, the velar nasal, as in English thing. In Turkmen's Cyrillic script, this corresponds to the letter En with descender (Ң ң). In Janalif, it corresponds to the letter Ꞑ. In other Turkic languages with the velar nasal, it corresponds to the letter Ñ.
It is also used in Southern Kurdish to represent the same thing.
|Unicode name||LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N WITH CARON||LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH CARON|
|UTF-8||197 135||C5 87||197 136||C5 88|
|Numeric character reference||Ň||Ň||ň||ň|
- "Unicode Character 'LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N WITH CARON' (U+0147)". FileFormat.Info. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- "Unicode Character 'LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH CARON' (U+0148)". FileFormat.Info. Retrieved 27 July 2010.