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Moral particularism is an applied ethics view that there are no moral principles and that moral judgement is determined by relevant factors in a particular context. This stands in stark contrast to other prominent moral theories, such as deontology or utilitarianism. Deontology states that people have a set of duties (that are to be considered or respected); utilitarianism states that people are to respect the happiness or the preferences of others in their actions.
The term "particularism" was coined to designate this position by R. M. Hare, in 1963 (Freedom and Reason, Oxford: Clarendon, p. 18).
A criticism of moral particularism is that it is inherently irrational; as to be rational in relation to moral thought that you have to be consistent and apply that consistently to moral issues which Moral Particularism does not.
- Hooker B, Little MO (eds.) (2001). Moral particularism. OUP.
- Dancy, Jonathan (2004). Ethics without principles, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- "Moral Particularism". Internet Encyclopedia Of Philosophy. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
- "Moral Particularism and the Role of Imaginary Cases". European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
- "Moral Particularism". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
- Dancy, Jonathan (2005). "Moral particularism", in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
- Tsu, Peter Shiu-Hwa. "Moral Particularism", in the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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