Minuscule 642

Minuscule 642
New Testament manuscript
TextActs of the Apostles, Catholic epistles, Pauline epistles
Date14th century
Now atLambeth Palace
Size21.1 cm by 14.8 cm
TypeByzantine text-type

Minuscule 642 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 552 (von Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on paper. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 14th century. The manuscript is lacunose.[2] Gregory labelled it by 217a and 273p; Scrivener labelled it by 185a and 255p.[3]


The codex contains the text of the Acts of the Apostles, Catholic epistles, Pauline epistles, on 209 paper leaves (size 21.1 cm by 14.8 cm),[2] with large lacunae (Acts 2:36–3:8; 7:3–59; 12:7–25; 14:8–27; 18:20–19:12; 22:7–23:11; 1 Corinthians 8:12–9:18; 2 Corinthians 1:1–10; Ephesians 3:2-Philemon 1:24; 2 Timothy 4:12-Tit 1:6; Hebrews 7:19–9:12).[4]

The writing is in one column per page, 22–26 lines per page.[2] It was written by four different hands. The breathings and accents are very irregular. Some words are half-written.[5]

N ephelkystikon is rare, and the itacisms are pretty numerous (πνεμα for πνευμα).[5]

It contains Prolegomena, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before every book, numbers of the κεφαλαια (chapters), lectionary markings at the margin, incipits, Menologion, subscriptions at the end of each book, and numbers of στιχοι at the margin.[4][3]

The order of books: Acts of the Apostles, Catholic epistles, and Pauline epistles. Epistle to the Hebrews is placed after Epistle to Philemon.[4]

According to the subscription at the end of the Epistle to the Romans, the Letter was written προς Ρωμαιους εγραφη απο Κορινθου δια Φοιβης της διακονου; the same subscription have manuscripts: 42, 90, 216, 339, 462, and 466*;[6]


The Greek text of the codex has the higher value in the Catholic epistles and much lower elsewhere. The text of the Catholic epistles Kurt Aland placed in Category III, the text of the Acts and the Pauline epistles Aland placed in Category V, it means it is a representative of the Byzantine text-type.[7]

According to Wachtel it has between 20% and 30% non-Byzantine readings in the Catholic Epistles.[8]


The manuscript is dated by the INTF to the 14th century.[9] The early history of the manuscript and the place of its origin is unknown.

The manuscript was brought from a Greek monastery to England by Joseph Dacre Carlyle (1759–1804), professor of Arabic, along with the manuscripts 471, 472, 473, 474, 475, 488, 470.[3]

The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scrivener (185a and 255p) and Gregory (217a and 273p). Gregory saw the manuscript in 1883.[4] In 1908 Gregory gave the number 642 to it.[1]

The manuscript currently is housed at Lambeth Palace (1185), at London.[2][9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 70.
  2. ^ a b c d K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 84.
  3. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 296.
  4. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 281.
  5. ^ a b F. H. A. Scrivener, An Exact Transcript of the Codex Augiensis (Cambridge and London, 1859), p. LX
  6. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament (2001), p. 477.
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  8. ^ Minuscule 642 (GA) at the Encyclopedia Textual Criticism
  9. ^ a b Handschriftenliste at the Münster Institute

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]