Michigan's 2nd congressional district

Michigan's 2nd congressional district
Michigan US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 2nd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Bill Huizenga
RZeeland
Distribution
  • 74.26[1]% urban
  • 25.74% rural
Population (2016)734,965[2]
Median income$56,103[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+9[4]

Michigan's 2nd congressional district is a United States Congressional district in Western Michigan. From 2003 to 2013 It consisted of the counties of Benzie, Manistee, Wexford, Mason, Lake, Oceana, Newaygo, Muskegon, Ottawa, and the northern portion of Allegan and the northwest portion of Kent. The borders were altered slightly for redistricting in 2012.

The 2nd district has the largest concentration of Dutch Americans of any congressional district in the country.[5] John McCain won the district in 2008 with 51% of the vote, his best performance in any of Michigan's 15 congressional districts.[6] Rep. Hoekstra announced he would not seek re-election to Congress in 2010. Republican Bill Huizenga replaced Hoekstra after winning the 2010 General Election.

Major cities[edit]

Voting[edit]

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2016 President Trump 56 - 38%
2012 President Romney 56 - 43%
2008 President McCain 51 - 48%
2004 President Bush 60 - 39%
2000 President Bush 59 - 38%
1996 President Dole 50 - 41%
1992 President Bush 45 - 34%

History[edit]

The 2nd congressional district today is largely the same as it was after the 1992 redistricting. There have been some changes, but it still covers in general the same area.

Prior to the 1992 redistricting the 2nd district covered the northern half to two thirds of Livonia, Northville Township, the Wayne County portion of the city of Northville, Plymouth and Plymouth Township all in Wayne County. It also covered most of Washtenaw County, Michigan but not Ann Arbor or Ypsilanti. The only county entirely in the district was Hillsdale County. Most of Jackson county was in the district, but the some of that county's northern tier townships were in Michigan's 6th congressional district. About half of Lenawee County was in the district, and the far north-east portion of Branch county was also in the district.

In 1992, this district essentially became the 7th district, while the 2nd was redrawn to take in much of the territory of the old 9th district.

List of U.S. Representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years Congress Notes
District created March 4, 1843
Lucius Lyon.jpg Lucius Lyon Democrat March 4, 1843 - March 3, 1845 28th
No image.svg John Smith Chipman Democrat March 4, 1845 - March 3, 1847 29th
No image.svg Edward Bradley[7] Democrat March 4, 1847 - August 5, 1847 30th Died
Vacant August 5, 1847 –
December 6, 1847
Charles E Stuart.jpg Charles E. Stuart[7] Democrat December 6, 1847 - March 3, 1849 30th
No image.svg William Sprague Whig [8] March 4, 1849 - March 3, 1851 31st
Charles E Stuart.jpg Charles E. Stuart Democrat March 4, 1851 - March 3, 1853 32nd
No image.svg David A. Noble Democrat March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1855 33rd
Henry Waldron - Brady-Handy.jpg Henry Waldron Republican March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1861 34th
35th
36th
Fernando C. Beaman - Brady-Handy.jpg Fernando C. Beaman Republican March 4, 1861 - March 3, 1863 37th Redistricted to the 1st district
No image.svg Charles Upson Republican March 4, 1863 - March 3, 1869 38th
39th
40th
WilliamLStoughton.jpg William L. Stoughton Republican March 4, 1869 - March 3, 1873 41st
42nd
Henry Waldron - Brady-Handy.jpg Henry Waldron Republican March 4, 1873 - March 4, 1877 43rd
44th
Redistricted from the 1st district
No image.svg Edwin Willits Republican March 4, 1877 - March 3, 1883 45th
46th
47th
No image.svg Nathaniel B. Eldredge Democrat [9] March 4, 1883 - March 3, 1887 48th
49th
Edward P. Allen.jpg Edward P. Allen Republican March 4, 1887 - March 3, 1891 50th
51st
JamesSGorman.jpg James S. Gorman Democrat March 4, 1891 - March 3, 1895 52nd
53rd
No image.svg George Spalding Republican March 4, 1895 - March 3, 1899 54th
55th
H. C. Smith engraving.JPG Henry C. Smith Republican March 4, 1899 - March 3, 1903 56th
57th
Charles Elroy Townsend.jpg Charles E. Townsend Republican March 4, 1903 - March 3, 1911 58th
59th
60th
61st
WilliamWedemeyer.jpg William Wedemeyer Republican March 4, 1911 - January 2, 1913 62nd Died
Vacant January 2, 1913 –
March 3, 1913
SamuelBeakes.jpg Samuel Beakes Democrat March 4, 1913 - March 3, 1917 63rd
64th
No image.svgMark R. Bacon[10] Republican March 4, 1917 - December 13, 1917 65th Lost contested election
SamuelBeakes.jpg Samuel Beakes Democrat December 13, 1917 - March 3, 1919 65th Won contested election
Earl C. Michener (Michigan Congressman).jpgEarl C. Michener Republican March 4, 1919 - March 3, 1933 66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
No image.svg John C. Lehr Democrat March 4, 1933 - January 3, 1935 73rd
Earl C. Michener (Michigan Congressman).jpg Earl C. Michener Republican January 3, 1935 - January 3, 1951 74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
George Meader, bw photo portrait.jpgGeorge Meader Republican January 3, 1951 - January 3, 1965 82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
Weston E. Vivian.jpg Weston E. Vivian Democrat January 3, 1965 - January 3, 1967 89th
MarvinEsch.jpg Marvin L. Esch Republican January 3, 1967 - January 3, 1977 90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
Carl Pursell.jpg Carl Pursell Republican January 3, 1977 - January 3, 1993 95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Pete Hoekstra, official portrait, 111th Congress.jpgPete Hoekstra Republican January 3, 1993 - January 3, 2011 103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
Bill Huizenga 113th Congress.jpg Bill Huizenga Republican January 3, 2011 – Present 112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Incumbent

Living former Members[edit]

As of July 2019, there are four living former members. The most recent representative to die was Marvin L. Esch (served 1967–1977) on June 19, 2010. The most recently serving representative to die was Carl Pursell (served 1977–1993) on June 11, 2009.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Weston E. Vivian 1965–1967 (1924-10-25) October 25, 1924 (age 95)
Pete Hoekstra 1993–2011 (1953-10-30) October 30, 1953 (age 66)

Historical district boundaries[edit]

1993 - 2003
2003 - 2013

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ https://www2.census.gov/geo/relfiles/cdsld13/26/ur_cd_26.txt
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=26&cd=02
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=26&cd=02
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-10-07. Retrieved 2009-10-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ http://www.swingstateproject.com/diary/4161/presidential-results-by-congressional-district-20002008
  7. ^ a b Edward Bradley was elected November 3, 1846, but died August 5, 1847 in New York City, while en route to Washington, D.C. to take office; Charles E. Stuart was elected November 2, 1847, to fill the vacancy.
  8. ^ William Sprague was elected on a Free Soil Party ticket and was seated with the Whigs in Congress.
  9. ^ Nathaniel B. Eldredge was elected on a Democratic and Union ticket in 1884 to the 49th Congress.
  10. ^ : In the election of November 7, 1916, official returns showed Mark R. Bacon had won by 49 votes. Although there was no provision in state law at that time for recounting ballots in the election of federal officials, a separate examination of votes in Jackson County revealed that Samuel W. Beakes was entitled to 87 more votes. However, the board of state canvassers and the Michigan Supreme Court refused to allow a recount. Finally, the U.S. House Committee on Elections decided to conduct a recount, which gave Beakes the victory by 132 votes. The committee unanimously reported resolutions to the full House stating that Bacon had not been elected to the seat and was not entitled to it, and that, in fact, Beakes was the elected representative of the district. The House seated Beakes on December 13, 1917.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 43°23′51″N 86°19′08″W / 43.39750°N 86.31889°W / 43.39750; -86.31889