Sterling graduated from Yale College in 1804. Then he studied law at Litchfield Law School, was admitted to the bar in 1809, and commenced practice in Adams, New York, but the same year removed to Watertown and continued the practice of law there. He married Betsey Bronson (1795–1831), and they had five children of whom only John C. Sterling (1820–1903) survived infancy.
Micah Sterling was Treasurer of the Village of Watertown in 1816, and was a director of the Jefferson County Bank. He was elected as a Federalist to the 17th United States Congress, holding office from December 3, 1821, to March 3, 1823. Afterwards he resumed the practice of law.
After the death of his first wife, he married Ruth Benedict (1801–1870), and their son was Lewis Benedict Sterling (1836–1899). Micah Sterling was a member of the New York State Senate (5th D.) from 1836 to 1839, sitting in the 59th, 60th, 61st and 62nd New York State Legislatures.
Congressman Ansel Sterling was his brother.
- United States Congress. "Micah Sterling (id: S000871)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough (pages 71, 131f and 146; Weed, Parsons and Co., 1858)
|U.S. House of Representatives|
|Preceded by |
William Donnison Ford
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from New York's 18th congressional district
Henry C. Martindale
|New York State Senate|
|Preceded by |
| New York State Senate |
Fifth District (Class 1)