Maryland's 1st congressional district

Maryland's 1st congressional district
Maryland US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Maryland's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Andy Harris
RCockeysville
Area3,653.1 sq mi (9,461 km2)
Distribution
  • 64.1% urban
  • 35.9% rural
Population (2000)662,062
Median income$73,206[1]
Ethnicity
Occupation
Cook PVIR+14[2]

Maryland's 1st congressional district encompasses the entire Eastern Shore of Maryland, including Salisbury, as well as parts of Baltimore, Harford and Carroll counties.

The district is currently represented by Republican Andy Harris, who defeated Democratic incumbent Frank M. Kratovil, Jr. in 2010. The district was the subject of a 2014 boycott following legislation Harris introduced nullifying a District of Columbia law de-criminalizing possession of marijuana.[3]

Election results from presidential races[edit]

Year Office Results
2008 President McCain 59.6–38.4%
2012 President Romney 60.3–37.8%
2016 President Trump 61.9–33.5%

List of members representing the district[edit]

# Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history Location
1 Michael J. Stone Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
1st Elected in 1789.
Lost re-election.
1789 – 1833
Calvert, Charles, and St. Mary's counties in Southern Maryland.
2 Philip Key Pro-Administration March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
2nd Elected in 1790.
Lost re-election.
3 George Dent Pro-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
3rd
4th
5th
6th

Elected in 1792.
Re-elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Retired.
Federalist March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1801
4 John Campbell Federalist March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1811
7th
8th
9th
10th
11th
Elected in 1801.
Re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Retired.
5 Philip Stuart Federalist March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1819
12th
13th
14th
15th
Elected in 1810.
Elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Retired.
6 Raphael Neale Federalist March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1823
16th
17th
18th
Elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
Lost re-election.
Adams-Clay Federalist March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
7 Clement Dorsey Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1831
19th
20th
21st
Elected in 1824.
[Data unknown/missing.]
8 Daniel Jenifer Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
22nd [Data unknown/missing.]
9 Littleton Dennis Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
April 14, 1834
23rd [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
1833 – 1843
Dorchester, Somerset, and Worcester counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland
Vacant April 14, 1834 –
May 29, 1834
10 John N. Steele Whig May 29, 1834 –
March 3, 1837
23rd
24th
Elected to finish Dennis's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
11 John Dennis Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
25th
26th
[Data unknown/missing.]
12 Isaac D. Jones Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th [Data unknown/missing.]
13 John Causin Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th [Data unknown/missing.] 1843 – 1853
Anne Arundel (except for Howard District), Calvert, Charles, Montgomery, Prince George's, and St. Mary's counties in Central Maryland and Southern Maryland.
14 John G. Chapman Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1849
29th
30th
[Data unknown/missing.]
15 Richard Bowie Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
31st
32nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
16 John R. Franklin Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd [Data unknown/missing.] 1853 – 1863
Caroline, Dorchester, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, and Worcester counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.
17 JamesAugustusStewart.jpg
James A. Stewart
Democratic March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1861
34th
35th
36th
[Data unknown/missing.]
18 John W Crisfield - Congressman from Maryland.jpg
John W. Crisfield
Unionist Party March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th [Data unknown/missing.]
19 John A J Creswell Brady-Handy Photograph Collection.tif
John A. J. Creswell
Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th [Data unknown/missing.] 1863 – 1873
Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, and Worcester counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.
20 Hiram McCollough - photo portrait seated.jpg
Hiram McCullough
Democratic March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1869
39th
40th
[Data unknown/missing.]
21 Samuel Hambleton Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1873
41st
42nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
22 WILSON, Ephraim King, (1821 - 1891).jpg
Ephraim King Wilson II
Democratic March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd [Data unknown/missing.] 1873 – 1883
Caroline, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.
23 Philip Francis Thomas, sitting.jpg
Philip Thomas
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th [Data unknown/missing.]
24 Daniel M. Henry Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
45th
46th
[Data unknown/missing.]
25 George W. Covington Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1885
47th
48th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
1883 – 1893
[Data unknown/missing.]
26 Charlesgibson.jpg
Charles H. Gibson
Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1891
49th
50th
51st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
27 Henry Page Democratic March 4, 1891 –
September 3, 1892
52nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become a judge of the Maryland Court of Appeals.
Vacant September 3, 1892 –
November 8, 1892
28 John B. Brown Democratic November 8, 1892 –
March 3, 1893
Elected to finish Page's term.
Retired.
29 Robert Bratton Democratic March 4, 1893 –
May 10, 1894
53rd [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
1893 – 1903
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant May 10, 1894 –
November 6, 1894
30 Winder Laird Henry Democratic November 6, 1894 –
March 3, 1895
Elected to finish Bratton's term.
Retired.
31 JoshuaWeldonMiles.jpg
Joshua W. Miles
Democratic March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
54th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
32 Isaac A. Barber Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
55th [Data unknown/missing.]
33 John Walter Smith, photo portrait head and shoulders.jpg
John Walter Smith
Democratic March 4, 1899 –
January 12, 1900
56th [Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become Governor of Maryland.
Vacant January 12, 1900 –
November 6, 1900
34 Josiah L. Kerr Republican November 6, 1900 –
March 3, 1901
Elected to finish Smith's term.
Retired.
35 WilliamHJackson.jpg
William Humphreys Jackson
Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1905
57th
58th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
1903 – 1913
Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.
36 Thomas Alexander Smith of Maryland.jpg
Thomas A. Smith
Democratic March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
59th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
37 WilliamHJackson.jpg
William Humphreys Jackson
Republican March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1909
60th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
38 JamesHarryCovington.jpg
J. Harry Covington
Democratic March 4, 1909 –
September 30, 1914
61st
62nd
63rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to practice law in Washington, D.C.
1913 – 1933
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant September 30, 1914 –
November 3, 1914
63rd
39 JessePrice.jpg
Jesse Price
Democratic November 3, 1914 –
March 3, 1919
63rd
64th
65th
Elected to finish Covington's term.
Lost re-election.
40 William Noble Andrews.jpg
William N. Andrews
Republican March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
66th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
41 Thomas Alan Goldsborough Democratic March 4, 1921 –
April 5, 1939
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become associate justice of the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia.
1933 – 1943
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant April 5, 1939 –
June 8, 1939
76th
42 David Jenkins Ward Democratic June 8, 1939 –
January 3, 1945
76th
77th
78th
Elected to finish Goldsborough's term.
Lost re-election.
1943 – 1953
[Data unknown/missing.]
43 Dudley Roe Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
79th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
44 EdwardTylorMiller.jpg
Edward T. Miller
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1959
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
1953 – 1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
45 Thomas F. Johnson (Maryland Congressman).jpg
Thomas F. Johnson
Democratic January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1963
86th
87th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
46 RogersClarkBallardMorton.jpg
Rogers Morton
Republican January 3, 1963 –
January 29, 1971
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
1963 – 1973
Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, and parts of Baltimore County in Central Maryland.
Vacant January 29, 1971 –
May 25, 1971
92nd
47 William Oswald Mills.jpg
William O. Mills
Republican May 25, 1971 –
May 24, 1973
92nd
93rd
Elected to finish Morton's term.
Died by suicide.
1973 – 1983
Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, and Anne Arundel, Calvert, Charles, and St. Mary's counties in Southern Maryland and parts of Baltimore County, Harford County and Baltimore City in Central Maryland.
Vacant May 24, 1973 –
August 21, 1973
93rd
48 Robert Bauman US Congress photo portrait.jpg
Robert Bauman
Republican August 21, 1973 –
January 3, 1981
93rd
94th
95th
96th
Elected to finish Oswald's term.
Lost re-election.
49 Roy Dyson 97th Congress 1981.jpg
Roy Dyson
Democratic January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1991
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
1983 – 1993
[Data unknown/missing.]
50 Wayne Gilchrest of Maryland, official portrait.jpg
Wayne Gilchrest
Republican January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 2009
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Re-elected in 2006.
Lost renomination.
1993 – 2003
[Data unknown/missing.]
2003 – 2013
Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, and parts of Anne Arundel County in Southern Maryland and Baltimore County in Central Maryland.
United States House of Representatives, Maryland District 1 map.png
51 Official FK Picture.JPG
Frank Kratovil
Democratic January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
111th Elected in 2008.
Lost re-election.
52 Andy Harris, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Andy Harris
Republican January 3, 2011 –
present
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
2013 – Present
Maryland US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif

Living former members[edit]

There are currently four living former members who represented the district. The most recent to die was Thomas Francis Johnson (served 1959–1963) on February 1, 1988. The most recently serving representative to die was William Oswald Mills (served 1971–1973), who died in office on May 24, 1973.

Representative Years served Date of birth
Robert E. Bauman 1973–1981 (1937-04-04) April 4, 1937 (age 82)
Roy Dyson 1981–1991 (1948-11-15) November 15, 1948 (age 71)
Wayne Gilchrest 1991–2009 (1946-04-15) April 15, 1946 (age 73)
Frank Kratovil 2009–2011 (1968-05-29) May 29, 1968 (age 51)

Recent election results[edit]

2000 Marylands's 1st congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Wayne Gilchrest (Incumbent) 165,293 64.40%
Democratic Bennett Bozman 91,022 35.46%
Green David M. Gross 73 0.03%
N/A Write-ins 294 0.11%
Total votes 256,682 100.00%
Republican hold
2002 Marylands's 1st congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Wayne Gilchrest (Incumbent) 192,004 76.83%
Democratic Amy D. Tamlyn 57,986 23.20%
Total votes 249,900 100.00%
Republican hold
2004 Marylands's 1st congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Wayne Gilchrest (Incumbent) 245,149 75.89% −0.94%
Democratic Kostas Alexakis 77,872 24.11% +0.91%
Total votes 323,021 100.00% ?
Republican hold Swing ?
2006 Marylands's 1st congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Wayne Gilchrest (Incumbent) 185,177 68.80% −7.09%
Democratic Jim Corwin 83,738 31.11% +7.00%
Write-ins 232 0.09% +0.09%
Total votes 269,147 100.00% ?
Republican hold Swing ?
Maryland's 1st Congressional District: 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Frank Kratovil 177,065 49.12% +18.01%
Republican Andy Harris 174,213 48.33% −20.47%
Libertarian Richard J. Davis 8,873 2.46% +2.46%
No party Write-ins 329 0.09%
Total votes 360,480 100.00%
Democratic gain from Republican
Maryland's 1st Congressional District: 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Andrew P. Harris 155,118 54.08% +5.75%
Democratic Frank Kratovil (Incumbent) 120,400 41.98% −7.14%
Libertarian Richard J. Davis 10,876 3.79% +1.33%
No party Write-ins 418 0.15%
Total votes 286,812 100.00%
Republican gain from Democratic
Maryland's 1st Congressional District: 2012[4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Andrew P. Harris (Incumbent) 214,204 63.4%
Democratic Wendy Rosen 92,812 27.5%
Democratic John LaFerla (write-in) 14,858 4.4%
Libertarian Muir Wayne Boda 12,857 3.8%
N/A Others (write-in) 3,029 0.9%
Total votes 337,760 100%
Republican hold
Maryland's 1st Congressional District: 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Andrew P. Harris (Incumbent) 176,324 70.4%
Democratic Bill Tilghman 73,843 29.5%
N/A Others (write-in) 233 0.1%
Total votes 250,418 100%
Republican hold
Maryland's 1st Congressional District: 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Andrew P. Harris (Incumbent) 242,574 67.0%
Democratic Joe Werner 103,622 28.6%
Libertarian Matt Beers 15,370 4.2%
N/A Others (write-in) 531 0.1%
Total votes 362,097 100%
Republican hold
Maryland's 1st Congressional District: 2018
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Andrew P. Harris (Incumbent) 183,662 60.0%
Democratic Jesse Colvin 116,631 38.1%
Libertarian Jenica Martin 5,744 1.9%
N/A Others (write-in) 149 0.0%
Total votes 306,186 100%
Republican hold

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ Trip Gabriel (July 13, 2014). "Marijuana Is at Center of Feud in Capital". The NY Times. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  4. ^ "Unofficial 2012 Presidential General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 12, 2012.

Coordinates: 38°54′N 76°06′W / 38.9°N 76.1°W / 38.9; -76.1