Maojia dialect

Maojia
Native toChina
RegionHunan, Guangxi
EthnicityMiao
Native speakers
(200,000 cited 1991)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)
GlottologNone

Maojia (猫家 mau˥ka˥[1]) is a mixed language in Southern China. Maojiahua is an unclassified Sinitic language that has undergone influence from Hmongic languages.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Maojiahua is spoken by about 200,000 people of Au-Ka (Aoka 奥卡) Miao ethnicity in Chengbu, Suining, Wugang and Suining in southwest part of Hunan Province, as well as in Ziyuan and Longsheng in north part of Guangxi Province.[3]

According to Chen Qiguang (2013:32),[1] "Maojia" (mau˥ka˥), also known as "Qingyi Miao 青衣苗", is spoken mostly in Chengbu County, Hunan, and also in Suining, Wugang, Longsheng, and Ziyuan counties. There is a total of about 120,000 speakers. The representative dialect given in Chen (2013) is that of Xintang Village 信塘村, Yangshi Township 羊石乡, Chengbu Miao Autonomous County, Hunan Province. Li (2004) covers various dialects of Qingyi Miao in detail.

Vocabulary[edit]

Below are selected words of likely non-Chinese origin from the Qingyi Miao dialect of Wutuan Town 五团镇, Chengbu County 城步县, Hunan (Li 2004).

English gloss Chinese gloss Qingyi Miao
eat y˨˩
oil lu˥˨
meat nai˦
pig te˥
small nɑ˥
child 孩子 nɑŋ˥li˧˨
nose 鼻子 pi˥˨haŋ˨˩˧
spider 蜘蛛 kiou˥ɕi˥
stinkbug 臭虫 pie˥
star 星星 se˥le˧˨
dust 灰尘 tʰoŋ˥din˦
this ko˨˩
that mi˦
one ɑ˦
thick (of soup) no˥˨
secret nin˨˩˧
earthworm 蚯蚓 din˨˩kai˧˨
sponge gourd (Luffa aegyptiaca) 丝瓜 se˧˨tai˥kuɑ˥
infant 婴幼儿 naŋ˥le˧˨
outsider 外地人 lai˥˨tɕie˨˩˧ŋ˦
son 儿子 naŋ˥li˧˨, naŋ˥tsai˧˨
spit ia˥˨
vagina 女阴 tsɨ˥
do niɑŋ˥˨
excrement kai˨˩˧
kneel nioŋ˥
bent in, curved mie˨˩
thin tse˥

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Chen, Qiguang [陈其光] (2013). Miao and Yao language [苗瑶语文]. Beijing: China Minzu University Press.
  2. ^ Li, Lan 李藍. 2004. Hunan Chengbu Qingyi Miaoren hua 湖南城步靑衣苗人话. Beijing: China Social Sciences Academy Press 中國社会科学出版社.
  3. ^ http://asiaharvest.org/wp-content/themes/asia/docs/people-groups/China/chinaPeoples/A/Aoka.pdf
  • Li, Lan 李藍. 2004. Hunan Chengbu Qingyi Miaoren hua 湖南城步靑衣苗人话. Beijing: China Social Sciences Academy Press 中國社会科学出版社.
  • Ming studies, 34–35:55, University of Minnesota, 1995