Maang language

Native toChina
RegionFuning County, Yunnan
Native speakers
(5,000 cited 1982)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)

Maang (Chinese: 么昂语; autonym: maːŋ˧ or mӕ̠aŋ˧) or Mo'ang (Chinese: 末昂语; autonym: mɯaŋ˥˩) is a Lolo-Burmese language of Wenshan Prefecture, Yunnan, China and northern Vietnam. The Maang are also locally referred to as the Gāokùjiǎo Yí (高裤脚彝; "High-Trousered Yi") by other local ethnic groups (Zhou 2014:1).

Lama (2012) classifies Maang within the Mondzish branch of Lolo–Burmese. Maang has many Zhuang (Central Tai) loanwords (Wang 2018).


Zhou (2014:1-2) reports that Mo'ang is spoken in the following villages.

  • Banlun township 板仑乡, Funing County, Yunnan
    • Longyang 龙洋[3] (Maang, Zhuang, and Han Chinese residents)
    • Longmai 龙迈[4]
    • Mula 木腊[5] (Maang, Zhuang, and Han Chinese residents)
    • Gongjinwei 公金渭[6]
    • Kela 克拉[7]
  • Mugan 木甘,[8] Niuchang village 牛场村, Lida town 里达镇 (Maang, Zhuang residents)
  • Muxiongping village 木兄坪村,[9] Muyang town 木央镇
    • Zhilun 直伦[10][11] (Maang and Miao residents)
    • Upper Muyang 上木羊[12][13] (Maang and Miao residents)
    • Lower Muyang 下木羊[14][15] (Maang and Miao residents)
  • Xiaomulun 小睦伦,[16] Muyang town 木央镇 (Han Chinese, Maang, and Yao residents)
  • Ligong 里拱,[17] Lida town 里达镇, Funing County, Yunnan (also 12 other villages in Lida town 里达镇)
  • The villages of Zhechang 者长, Dana 达那, Nianbi 念必 in Napo County, Guangxi province

There are 713 households and 4,079 individuals according to a 2003 estimate by the Funing County government (Zhou 2014:1).


  • Hsiu, Andrew. 2014. "Mondzish: a new subgroup of Lolo-Burmese". In Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Chinese Languages and Linguistics (IsCLL-14). Taipei: Academia Sinica.
  • Hsiu, Andrew. 2017. Meang audio word list. Zenodo. doi:10.5281/zenodo.1123373
  • Lama, Ziwo Qiu-Fuyuan (2012), Subgrouping of Nisoic (Yi) Languages, thesis, University of Texas at Arlington (archived)
  • Wang, Zhanling 王战领. 2018. Mo'angyu de xishu ji qi yuyan jiechu 末昂语的系属及其语言接触. Journal of Honghe University 期红河学院学报, Vol.16 No.2, Apr. 2018. doi:10.13963/j.cnki.hhuxb.2018.02.010
  • Wu, Zili [武自立]. 1993. A preliminary study of the Mo'ang language of Funing County, Yunnan Province [云南富宁未昂话初探]. Minzu Yuwen 2.
  • Zhou, Decai [周德才]. 2014. A study of Mo'ang [末昂语研究]. Beijing: Ethnic Publishing House [民族出版社].

External links[edit]