Facsimile from 1861 of Luke 20:9 in Codex Cyprius (9th-10th century).
|Book||Gospel of Luke|
|Christian Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||3|
Luke 20 is the twentieth chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It records the teaching of Jesus Christ in the temple in Jerusalem, especially his responses to questions raised by the Pharisees and Sadduccees. The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this Gospel as well as the Acts of the Apostles.
Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:
- Papyrus 75 (written about AD 175-225)
- Codex Vaticanus (325-350)
- Codex Sinaiticus (330-360)
- Codex Bezae (c. 400)
- Codex Washingtonianus (c. 400)
- Codex Alexandrinus (400-440)
- Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (c. 450; extant verses 1-27)
Old Testament references
- Luke 20:17: Psalm 118:22
- Luke 20:27-33: Deuteromony 25:5-6: the Levirate law
- Luke 20:37: Exodus 3:6,15: the passage about the burning bush
- Luke 20:42,43: Psalm 110:1
Parable of the Wicked Vinedressers
This parable of Jesus, also known as the Parable of the Wicked Husbandmen, found in three of the four canonical gospels (Luke 20:9–19, Mark 12:1–12, and Matthew 21:33–46), and also in the non-canonical Gospel of Thomas. It describes a householder planting a vineyard and letting it out to husbandmen, who failed in their duty. The owner sent various servants successively to collect a share of the proceeds of the harvest, but each time the husbandmen rejected them. Unlike the texts in Matthew and Mark, Luke states that "perhaps" (Greek: ἴσως, isōs, "probably" in the NKJV and in Marvin Vincent's interpretation)  they will respect the owner's son. The word ἴσως is not used elsewhere in the New Testament. It appears once in the Septuagint version of the Hebrew Bible, at 1 Samuel 25:21, where the Greek is translated as "perhaps", but as "surely" in many English translations based on the Hebrew text.
- 17Then He looked at them and said, "What then is this that is written:
- 'The stone which the builders rejected
- Has become the chief cornerstone'?
- 18Whoever falls on that stone will be broken; but on whomever it falls, it will grind him to powder."
No further questions
Luke 20:40 and similarly Matthew 22:46 record that after a series of partisan questions, the scribes concluded that they were not able to outwit Jesus and "after that they dared not question Him anymore".
American theologian Albert Barnes suggests that "never was wisdom more clear, never more triumphant"; the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges reflects that at this point events became more perilous for Jesus as his opponents recognised that they would be unable "to pose themselves as superiors to [him] in wisdom and knowledge" and contempt was therefore "deepened into real hatred".
Beware of the scribes
Verse 46 ("Beware of the scribes, who desire to go around in long robes, love greetings in the marketplaces, the best seats in the synagogues, and the best places at feasts ...") recalls the second of Luke's woes to the Pharisees:
- Woe to you Pharisees! For you love the best seats in the synagogues and greetings in the marketplaces.
- Burning bush
- John the Baptist
- Ministry of Jesus
- Parables of Jesus
- Other related Bible parts: Exodus 3, Joshua 10, Psalm 110, Psalm 118, Matthew 21, Matthew 22, Matthew 23, Matthew 25, Mark 11, Mark 12, Acts 2, Acts 5; Romans 8; Hebrews 1, Hebrews 5, Hebrews 6, Hebrews 7, Hebrews 10, Hebrews 12
- Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
- Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
- Kirkpatrick, A. F. (1901). The Book of Psalms: with Introduction and Notes. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Book IV and V: Psalms XC-CL. Cambridge: At the University Press. p. 839. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- Vincent, M. (1886), Vincent's Word Studies on Luke 20, accessed 13 July 2018
- BibleGateway.com, Translations of 1 Samuel 25:21, accessed 13 July 2018
- Bengel, J., Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament on Luke 20, accessed 13 July 2018
- Luke 20:17–18 NKJV NKJV
- Kidner, Derek (1994). "Isaiah". In Carson, D. A.; France, R. T.; Motyer, J. A.; Wenham, G. J. (eds.). New Bible Commentary: 21st Century Edition (4, illustrated, reprint, revised ed.). Inter-Varsity Press. p. 640. ISBN 9780851106489.
- Barnes, A., Barnes' Notes on Matthew 22, references in his Notes on Luke 20, accessed 14 July 2018
- Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on Luke 20, accessed 14 July 2018
- Luke 11:43
- Luke 20 King James Bible - Wikisource
- English Translation with Parallel Latin Vulgate
- Online Bible at GospelHall.org (ESV, KJV, Darby, American Standard Version, Bible in Basic English)
- Multiple bible versions at Bible Gateway (NKJV, NIV, NRSV etc.)
|Preceded by |
| Chapters of the Bible |
Gospel of Luke