Lois Frankel

Lois Frankel
Lois Frankel, Official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 21st district
22nd (2013–2017)
Assumed office
January 3, 2013
Preceded byNew constituency (Redistricting)
Mayor of West Palm Beach
In office
March 27, 2003 – March 31, 2011
Preceded byJoel Daves
Succeeded byJeri Muoio
Member of the Florida House of Representatives
from the 85th district
In office
November 8, 1994 – November 5, 2002
Preceded byMimi McAndrews
Succeeded byShelley Vana
Member of the Florida House of Representatives
from the 83rd district
In office
November 4, 1986 – November 3, 1992
Preceded byEleanor Weinstock
Succeeded bySharon Merchant
Personal details
Lois Jane Frankel

(1948-05-16) May 16, 1948 (age 71)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
EducationBoston University (BA)
Georgetown University (JD)
WebsiteHouse website

Lois Jane Frankel (born May 16, 1948) is an American politician and lawyer who has been the United States Representative for Florida's 21st congressional district since 2017 and who represented Florida's 22nd congressional district from 2013 to 2017. She is a member of the Democratic Party.

Frankel was member of the Florida House of Representatives for fourteen years, serving as Minority Leader of the Florida State House.[1] She was elected Mayor of West Palm Beach, Florida, in 2003,[1] serving two terms in office until leaving office in 2011 due to term limits. On November 6, 2012, Frankel was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida's 22nd congressional district; she was sworn in on January 3, 2013.

Early life and education[edit]

Frankel was born on May 16, 1948[2] in New York City and received a bachelor's degree from Boston University in 1970. She earned a law degree from Georgetown University Law Center in 1973.[3] Frankel moved to West Palm Beach, Florida, in 1974.[1]

Florida House of Representatives (1987–2003)[edit]


In 1986, incumbent Democratic state representative Eleanor Weinstock of the 83rd district decided to run for a seat in the Florida Senate. Frankel ran for Weinstock's open seat in the Florida House, and defeated Republican nominee Gerald Adams 69%–31% in November 1986.[4] In 1988, she won re-election to a second term unopposed;[5] in 1990, she again was unopposed.[6]

In November 1991, Frankel resigned as state representative, to run for Congress in 1992.[7] Mimi McAndrews, a former aide of Frankel's, was elected to replace her. Frankel lost to fellow Democratic representative Alcee Hastings in the 1992 congressional primary. In 1994, Frankel challenged, and after a bitter campaign, defeated McAndrews in the Democratic primary for her old State House seat.[8] Frankel won the November 1994 general election with 55% of the vote.[9] In 1996, she won re-election to a fifth term with 68% of the vote.[10]

In 1998, she won re-election to a sixth term with 64% of the vote.[11] In 2000, she won re-election to a seventh term with 63% of the vote.[12]


During her first period as a state legislator, Frankel was State House Majority Whip.[13] While in office from 1995 to 2003, she became the first female House Minority Leader in Florida's history and co-authored a change to Florida's already existing AIDS omnibus law originally passed in 1988.[1] She left office due to term limits in 2002 after serving fourteen years in the State House.[1][3]

Committee assignments[edit]

  • Fiscal Responsibility Council
  • AIDS Task Force (committee chair)
  • Select Committee of the Whole
  • Select Committee on Child Abuse & Neglect (committee chair)[14]

1992 congressional election[edit]

In 1992, she decided to retire from the State House to run for the newly created Florida's 23rd district. In the Democratic primary, Frankel ranked first with 35% of the vote, but failed to reach the 50% threshold necessary to win outright and avoid a run-off election.[15] In the run-off election, former U.S. District Court Judge Alcee Hastings defeated Frankel 57%–43%.[1][16]

2002 gubernatorial election[edit]

In 2002, Frankel entered and then dropped out of the 2002 election for Governor of Florida, in which Governor Jeb Bush won re-election.[1]

Mayor of West Palm Beach (2003–2011)[edit]

On March 11, 2003, Frankel defeated incumbent Democratic West Palm Beach Mayor Joel Daves in the mayoral election.[1] Frankel was endorsed in the race by former West Palm Beach Mayor Nancy Graham.[1] Frankel won with 56% of the vote to 38% for Daves.[1][17] Frankel was sworn into office on March 27, 2003. In 2007, she won re-election to a second term, defeating Al Zucaro by 58%–42%.[18]

On March 31, 2011, due to term limits, Frankel left office as Mayor of West Palm Beach after two terms. In the race to succeed her, West Palm Beach city commissioner Jeri Muoio, was elected that month, with 51% of the vote, on a platform of business development and pension reform.[19]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

2012 congressional election[edit]

On March 21, 2011, Frankel announced that she would run in the newly redrawn Florida's 22nd congressional district in the upcoming 2012 House election.[20] On August 14 she defeated Democratic primary rival Kristin Jacobs, and moved forward to the November election against Republican Adam Hasner.[21]

Frankel was criticized for accepting $20,000.00 from Digital Domain Media Group for her election campaign five months after the company was awarded a downtown project which included incentives from the city of West Palm Beach, and in response vowed to give the contribution to charity.[22] Frankel went on to win the general election on November 6, 2012, defeating Hasner 54.7% to 45.3%.[23]

2014 congressional election[edit]

With no Democratic primary opponents, she went on to win the general election on November 4, 2014, defeating Republican Paul Spain, winner of his low-turnout primary. Her margin was 58% to 42%.[24]

2016 congressional election[edit]

This election was the first election since the statewide redistricting in 2015. Frankel now was running for District 21, rather than District 22. Her opponent was again Republican Paul Spain. Frankel won, with 63% of the vote to Spain's 35%.

2018 congressional election[edit]

With no primary or general opponents, she was re-elected.[25]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus memberships[edit]

Political positions[edit]

Foreign policy[edit]

Frankel supported President Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital. She stated: "The President's announcement today is consistent with current U.S. law and reaffirms what we already know: Jerusalem is the eternal capital of the Jewish people and the State of Israel."[30]

Gun policy[edit]

Frankel supports gun control measures, which she calls "common-sense legislation." Specifically, she supports a high-capacity magazine ban, universal background checks, and a ban on bump stocks.[31] Frankel supports repealing the 1996 Dickey Amendment, which currently discourages the CDC from researching gun violence prevention.[32] Following the Pulse nightclub shooting, Frankel stated, "This Congress offers lots of thoughts and sympathies when people are massacred by firearms, but no action to stop the carnage."[33] After the Sutherland Springs church shooting, Frankel asserted her frustration with gun lobbying organizations and the inaction of Congress, saying: "We’ll pause for a moment of silence and then this Congress will do nothing because the NRA has a stranglehold on it."[34] She has an "F" rating from the NRA, indicating that the organization does not believe that she protects gun rights.[35]

During her tenure as Congresswoman, Frankel has voted on several pieces of gun legislation. She voted against H. R. 38 (the Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act), which would enable concealed carry reciprocity among all States if and when it is signed into law.[36] In March 2017, Frankel voted against the Veterans Second Amendment Protection Act, which, if signed into law, will allow veterans who are considered "mentally incompetent" to purchase ammunition and firearms unless declared a danger by a judge.[37]

Government surveillance[edit]

Frankel has generally opposed measures to rein in government surveillance. Specifically, she voted against the Massie-Lofgren amendments to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act to defund Section 702 surveillance and prevent "backdoor" warrantless FBI surveillance under that authority of US citizens. She voted for House cybersecurity information sharing bills that facilitate surveillance, and for the extension of USA PATRIOT Act financial surveillance (HR 5606). She voted against the USA RIGHTS Act, which would have helped to restore Americans' protections against government surveillance.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Frankel beats Daves for West Palm Mayor". Boca Raton News. Associated Press. 2003-03-12. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
  2. ^ "Lois Frankel". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2011-03-23.
  3. ^ a b "Lois J. Frankel, Mayor of the City of West Palm Beach". City of West Palm Beach government. Archived from the original on 2011-03-23. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
  4. ^ "Our Campaigns – November 4, 1986". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  5. ^ "Our Campaigns – – November 8, 1988". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  6. ^ "Our Campaigns – November 6, 1990". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  7. ^ Ashley Fantz (November 15, 2001). "Florida House minority leader Lois Frankel is waging an impossible campaign for governor". Broward/Long Beach New Times.
  8. ^ Steve Nichol; Robin Fields; Jane Musgrave & Glenn Singer (September 9, 1994). "Frankel Scores Victory In Bitter House Race". Sun Sentinel.
  9. ^ "Our Campaigns – November 8, 1994". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  10. ^ "Our Campaigns – November 5, 1996". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  11. ^ "Our Campaigns – November 3, 1998". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  12. ^ "Our Campaigns – November 7, 2000". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  13. ^ "Florida House of Representatives profile". myfloridahouse.gov. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  14. ^ "Florida House of Representatives profile". myfloridahouse.gov. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  15. ^ "Our Campaigns – September 1, 1992". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  16. ^ "Our Campaigns – October 1, 1992". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  17. ^ "Our Campaigns – March 11, 2003". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  18. ^ "Our Campaigns – West Palm Beach, FL Mayor Race – Mar 13, 2007". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  19. ^ Streeter, Angel (2011-03-08). "Jeri Muoio elected mayor of West Palm Beach". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
  20. ^ Trygstad, Kyle (2003-03-21). "Lois Frankel Launches Bid Against Allen West". Roll Call. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
  21. ^ "2016 Florida Election Watch – U.S. Representative". Enight.dos.state.fl.us. 2016-08-30. Retrieved 2016-09-11.
  22. ^ "Frankel to give Digital Domain's $20,000 in campaign..." Palmbeachpost.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11.
  23. ^ "Frankel beats out Hasner in race for U.S. Congress". nydailynews.com. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
  24. ^ "November 4, 2014 General Election Official Results". Florida Department of State Division of Elections. Retrieved April 20, 2016.
  25. ^ Man, Anthony. "Lois Frankel wins re-election to Congress after no one comes forward to challenge her". sun-sentinel.com. Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  26. ^ "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  27. ^ "Caucus Members". Congressional Progressive Caucus. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  28. ^ "Our Members". U.S. House of Representatives International Conservation Caucus. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  29. ^ "Members". U.S. - Japan Caucus. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  30. ^ "Florida reaction to Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as capital of Israel". Tampa Bay Times. December 6, 2017.
  31. ^ "Congresswoman Lois Frankel calls for action on gun control". Congresswoman Lois Frankel. U. S. Federal Government. 6 October 2017. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  32. ^ Shabad, Rebecca (2 December 2015). "Democrats renew push to reverse gun violence research ban". CBS News. CBS Interactive, INC. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  33. ^ "It is Time for Congress to Do its Job". Government Publishing Office. U. S. Federal Government. 15 June 2016. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  34. ^ Bennett, George (6 November 2017). "Texas massacre: Lois Frankel offers prediction on congressional response". Palm Beach Post. Palm Beach, Florida. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  35. ^ "Where South Floridians in Congress stand on gun legislation". Miami Herald. Miami, Florida. 20 February 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  36. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 663". clerk.house.gov. U.S. Federal Government. 6 December 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  37. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 169". clerk.house.gov. U.S. Federal Government. 16 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2018.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Allen West
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 22nd congressional district

Succeeded by
Ted Deutch
Preceded by
Ted Deutch
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 21st congressional district

U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Rodney Davis
United States Representatives by seniority
Succeeded by
Tulsi Gabbard