List of religious populations

Size of Major Religious Groups, 2010
Religion Percent
Christianity
31.5%
Islam
23.2%
Unaffiliated
16.3%
Hinduism
15%
Buddhism
7.1%
Folk Religion
5.9%
Other (includes Judaism, Bahá’í, Sikhism, and Jainism)
1.0%
Pew Research Center, 2012[1]

This is a list of religious populations by number of adherents and countries.

Adherent estimates in 2019

Adherents.com says "Sizes shown are approximate estimates, and are here mainly for the purpose of ordering the groups, not providing a definitive number".[2]

Religion Adherents Percentage
Christianity 2.4 billion[3] 33%
Islam 1.9 billion 24.1%
Secular[a]/Nonreligious[b]/Agnostic/Atheist 1.2 billion 16%
Hinduism 1.15 billion 15%
Buddhism 521 million 7%
Chinese traditional religion[c] 394 million 5.50%
Ethnic religions excluding some in separate categories 300 million 4.19%
African traditional religions 100 million[5] 1.40%
Sikhism 30 million 0.32%
Spiritism 15 million 0.21%
Judaism 14.5 million[6] 0.20%
Bahá'í 7.0 million 0.10%
Jainism 4.2 million 0.06%
Shinto 4.0 million 0.06%
Cao Dai 4.0 million 0.06%
Zoroastrianism 2.6 million 0.04%
Tenrikyo 2.0 million 0.02%
Neo-Paganism 1.0 million 0.01%
Unitarian Universalism 0.8 million 0.01%
Rastafari 0.6 million 0.01%
total 7.167 billion 100%

Notes

  1. ^ These figures may incorporate populations of secular/nominal adherents as well as syncretist worshipers, although the concept of syncretism is disputed by some.
  2. ^ Nonreligious includes agnostic, atheist, secular humanist, and people answering 'none' or no religious preference. Half of this group is theistic but nonreligious.[2] According to a 2012 study by Gallup International "59% of the world said that they think of themselves as religious person, 23% think of themselves as not religious whereas 13% think of themselves as convinced atheists".[4]
  3. ^ Chinese traditional religion is described as "the common religion of the majority Chinese culture: a combination of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism, as well as the traditional non-scriptural/local practices and beliefs."

By proportion

Christians

Countries with the greatest proportion of Christians from Christianity by country (as of 2010):

  1.   Vatican City 100% (100% Roman Catholic)
  2.  Pitcairn Islands 100% (100% Seventh-day Adventist)[7]
  3.  Samoa ~99% (mostly Protestant)[8]
  4.  Romania 99% (mostly Romanian Orthodox)
  5.  American Samoa 98.3% (mostly Protestant)[9]
  6.  Malta 98.1%[10] (mostly Roman Catholic)
  7.  Venezuela 98%[11] (71% Roman Catholic)
  8.  Greece 98% [12] (95% Greek Orthodox)
  9.  Marshall Islands 97.2% (mostly Protestant)[13]
  10.  Tonga 97.2% (mostly Protestant)[14]
  11.  San Marino 97%[15] (~97% Roman Catholic)
  12.  Paraguay 96.9%[16] (mostly Roman Catholic)
  13.  Peru 96.5%[17] (mostly Roman Catholic)
  14.  El Salvador 96.4% (mostly Roman Catholic)[18]
  15.  Kiribati 96% (mostly Protestant)[19]
  16.  Federated States of Micronesia ~96% (mostly Protestant)[20]
  17.  Barbados 95.1% (mostly Protestant)[21]
  18.  Papua New Guinea 94.8% (mostly Protestant)[22]
  19.  East Timor 94.2%[23] (mostly Roman Catholic)
  20.  Armenia 93.5%[24] (mostly Armenian Orthodox)

Muslims

Countries with the greatest proportion of Muslims from Islam by country (as of 2010) (figures excluding foreign workers in parenthesis):

Data is based off the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life [25]

  1.  Afghanistan 99.7%[26] (mostly Sunni, 20% Shi'a)[25]
  2.  Tunisia 99.5% (mostly Sunni)
  3.  Iran 99.4% (mostly Shi'a)[27]
  4.  Azerbaijan 99.2% (65-75% Shi'a)[25]
  5.  Yemen 99.1% (35-40% Shi'a) [25]
  6.  Mauritania 99.1%
  7.  Morocco ~99%
  8.  Iraq 99% (65-70% Shi'a)[25]
  9.  Niger 98.6% (mostly Sunni)[25]
  10.  Somalia 98.5% (mostly Sunni)
  11.  Maldives 98.4% (mostly Sunni)
  12.  Comoros 98.3% (mostly Sunni)[28]
  13.  Algeria 98%
  14.  Turkey ~98%
  15.  Saudi Arabia ~97% (10-15% Shi'a)[25]
  16.  Djibouti 96.9% (mostly Sunni)[25]
  17.  Libya 96.6% (Mostly Sunni)[29]
  18.  Pakistan 96.4%[30]
  19.  Kuwait ~95% (20-25% Shi'a)[25]
  20.  Egypt 94.6% (Mostly Sunni)[25]
  21.  Bangladesh 89.6% (Mostly Sunni)[25]
  22.  Indonesia 88.2% (Mostly Sunni)[25]
  23.  Bahrain 81.2% (65-75% Shi'a)[31] (Mostly Shi'a)[32]
  24.  Sierra Leone 78.00% (mostly Sunni)[33]
  25.  Sudan 71.3% (mostly Sunni)[34]
  26.  Malaysia 60.4% (mostly Sunni)[25]

Irreligious and atheist

Countries with the greatest proportion of people without religion (including agnostics and atheists) from Irreligion by country (as of 2007):

  1.  Estonia 71–82% (77%)
  2.  Czech Republic 70-81% (76%)
  3.  Japan 64–88% (76%)[37]
  4.  Denmark 72%
  5.  Sweden 46–82% (64%)
  6.  Vietnam 44–81% (63%)
  7.  Macau 62%[38]
  8.  Hong Kong 57%[39]
  9.  France 43–64%[40] (54%)
  10.  Norway 31–72% (52%)
  11.  China 47%[41] (details)
  12.  Netherlands 39–55% (47%)
  13.  Finland 28–60% (44%)
  14.  New Zealand 42%[42]
  15.  United Kingdom 31–52% (42%)[40]
    1.  England and  Wales 25% [43]
  16.  South Korea 30–52% (41%)
  17.  Germany 25[44]–55%[45] (40%)
  18.  Hungary 32–46% (39%)
  19.  Belgium 42–43% (39%)
  20.  Bulgaria 34–40% (37%)
  21.  Slovenia 35–38% (37%)
  22.  Russia[46] 13–48% (31%)

Remarks: Ranked by mean estimate which is in brackets. Irreligious includes agnostic, atheist, secular believer, and people having no formal religious adherence. It does not necessarily mean that members of this group don't belong to any religion. Some religions have harmonized with local cultures and can be seen as a cultural background rather than a formal religion. Additionally, the practice of officially associating a family or household with a religious institute while not formally practicing the affiliated religion is common in many countries. Thus, over half of this group is theistic and/or influenced by religious principles, but nonreligious/non-practicing and not true atheists or agnostics.[2] See Spiritual but not religious.

Hindus

Countries with the greatest proportion of Hindus from Hinduism by country (as of 2010):

  1.    Nepal 81.3%[47]
  2.  India 79.8%[48]
  3.  Mauritius 48.54%[49]
  4.  Fiji 27.9%[50]
  5.  Bhutan 25%[51]
  6.  Guyana 24.8%[52]
  7.  Suriname 22.3%[53]
  8.  Trinidad and Tobago 18.2%[54]
  9.  United Arab Emirates 15%[55]
  10.  Sri Lanka 12.6%[56]
  11.  Kuwait 12%[57]
  12.  Bangladesh 9.6%[58]
  13.  Bahrain 8.1%[59]
  14.  Réunion 6.7%[60]
  15.  Malaysia 6.3%[61]
  16.  Singapore 5.1%
  17.  Oman 3%
  18.  Seychelles 2.1%[62]
  19.  New Zealand 2.0%[63]
  20.  Pakistan 1.8%
  21.  Indonesia 1.7%[64]
  22.  United Kingdom 1.7%[65]
  23.  United States 0.7%[66]

Buddhists

Countries with the greatest proportion of Buddhists from Buddhism by country (as of 2010):[67]

Taoists/Confucianists/Chinese traditional religionists

As a spiritual practice, Taoism has made fewer inroads in the West than Buddhism and Hinduism. Despite the popularity of its great classics the I Ching and the Tao Te Ching, the specific practices of Taoism have not been promulgated in America with much success;[68] these religions are not ubiquitous worldwide in the way that adherents of bigger world religions are, and they remain primarily an ethnic religion. Nonetheless, Taoist ideas and symbols such as Taijitu have become popular throughout the world through Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong, and various martial arts.[69]

  1.  Taiwan 33–80%[70]
  2.  China 30%[71]
  3.  Hong Kong 28%[39]
  4.  Macau 13.9%[38]
  5.  Singapore 8.5%[72]
  6.  Malaysia 2.6%[73]
  7.  South Korea 0.2–1%[74]
  8.  Vietnam
  9.  Philippines 0.01–0.05%
  10.  Indonesia 0.05%

The Chinese traditional religion has 184,000 believers in Latin America, 250,000 believers in Europe, and 839,000 believers in North America as of 1998.[75][76]

Ethnic and indigenous

All of the below come from the U.S. Department of State 2009 International Religious Freedom Report,[77] based on the highest estimate of people identified as indigenous or followers of indigenous religions that have been well-defined. Due to the syncretic nature of these religions, the following numbers may not reflect the actual number of practitioners.

  1.  Haiti 50%[78]
  2.  Guinea-Bissau 50%
  3.  Cameroon 40%
  4.  Togo 33%[79]
  5.  Côte d'Ivoire 25%
  6.  Sudan 25%[80]
  7.  Benin 23%
  8.  Burundi 20%
  9.  Burkina Faso 15%
  10.  New Zealand 15%[81]
  11.  South Africa 15%[82]
  12.  Democratic Republic of the Congo 12%
  13.  Central African Republic 10%
  14.  Gabon 10%
  15.  Lesotho 10%
  16.  Nigeria 10%
  17.  Sierra Leone 10%[83]
  18.  Indonesia 9%[84]
  19.  Kenya 9%
  20.  Palau 9%[85]
  21.  Ghana 8.5%
  22.  Guinea 5%

Sikhism

Countries with the greatest proportion of Sikhs:

  1.  India 1.9%
  2.  United Kingdom 1.2%[86][87]
  3.  Canada 0.9%[88]
  4.  Malaysia 0.5%[89]
  5.  Fiji 0.3%[90]
  6.  Singapore 0.3%[91]
  7.  United States 0.2%[92][93]
  8.  New Zealand 0.2%[94]
  9.  Australia 0.1%[95][96]
  10.  Italy 0.1%[97]

The Sikh homeland is the Punjab state, in India, where today Sikhs make up approximately 61% of the population. This is the only place where Sikhs are in the majority. Sikhs have emigrated to countries all over the world – especially to English-speaking and East Asian nations. In doing so they have retained, to an unusually high degree, their distinctive cultural and religious identity. Sikhs are not ubiquitous worldwide in the way that adherents of larger world religions are, and they remain primarily an ethnic religion. But they can be found in many international cities and have become an especially strong religious presence in the United Kingdom and Canada.[98]

Spiritism

  1.  Cuba 10.3%
  2.  Jamaica 10.2%
  3.  Brazil 4.8%
  4.  Suriname 3.6%
  5.  Haiti 2.7%
  6.  Dominican Republic 2.2%
  7.  The Bahamas 1.9%
  8.  Nicaragua 1.5%
  9.  Trinidad and Tobago 1.4%
  10.  Guyana 1.3%
  11.  Venezuela 1.1%
  12.  Colombia 1.0%
  13.  Belize 1.0%
  14.  Honduras 0.9%
  15.  Puerto Rico 0.7%
  16.  Panama 0.5%
  17.  Iceland 0.5%
  18.  Guadeloupe 0.4%
  19.  Argentina 0.2%
  20.  Guatemala 0.2%

[99]

Note that all these estimates come from a single source. However, this source gives a relative indication of the size of the Spiritist communities within each country.

Judaism

Countries with the greatest proportion of Jews (as of 2017):

  1.  Israel 73.6%[6]
  2.  Gibraltar 2.0%[6]
  3.  United States 1.76%[6]
  4.  Canada 1.07%[6]
  5.  France 0.7%[6]
  6.  Hungary 0.485%[6]
  7.  Uruguay 0.483%[6]
  8.  Australia 0.47%[6]
  9.  United Kingdom 0.44%[6]
  10.  Argentina 0.41%[6]
  11.  U.S. Virgin Islands 0.36%[6]
  12.  Belgium 0.259%[6]
  13.  Panama 0.250%[6]
  14.  Latvia 0.24%[6]
  15.   Switzerland 0.22%[6]
  16.  Netherlands 0.17%[6]
  17.  New Zealand 0.16%[6]
  18.  Estonia 0.154%[6]
  19.  Bermuda 0.154%[6]
  20.  Sweden 0.152%[6]
  21.  Germany 0.14%[6]
  22.  South Africa 0.124%[6]
  23.  Ukraine 0.124%[6]
  24.  Russia 0.122%[6]
  25.  Denmark 0.112%[6]

Bahá'ís

Countries with the greatest proportion of Bahá'ís (as of 2010) with a national population ≥200,000:

  1.  Belize 2.5% (The 2010 Belize Population Census recorded 202 Bahá'ís out of a total population of 304,106,[100][101] yielding a proportion of 0.066%)
  2.  Bolivia 2.2%
  3.  Zambia 1.8%
  4.  Mauritius 1.8% (The 2011 Mauritius census recorded 639 Bahá'ís out of a total population of 1,236,817[102] yielding a proportion of 0.05%)
  5.  Guyana 1.6% (The 2002 Guyana census recorded 500 Bahá'ís out of a total population of 751,223[103] yielding a proportion of 0.067%)
  6.  Vanuatu 1.4%
  7.  Barbados 1.2% (The 2010 Barbados census recorded 178 Bahá'ís out of a total population of 250,010[104] yielding a proportion of 0.07%)
  8.  Trinidad and Tobago 1.2%
  9.  Panama 1.2%
  10.  Kenya 1.0%
  11.  Lesotho 0.9%
  12.  Papua New Guinea 0.9%
  13.  Réunion 0.9%
  14.  Chad 0.9%
  15.  Botswana 0.8%
  16.  Gambia 0.8%
  17.  Suriname 0.8%
  18.  Congo, Republic of the 0.6%
  19.  Solomon Islands 0.6%
  20.  Venezuela 0.6%
  • Remarks and sources: "Most Baha'i Nations (2010)". QuickLists > Compare Nations > Religions. The Association of Religion Data Archives. 2010. Retrieved 2013-08-20. which used the "World Christian Database" for adherents estimates based on information provided by the World Christian Encyclopedia and "World Christian Trends". A source whose only systematic flaw was to consistently have a higher estimate of Christians than other cross-national data sets.[105] See "The Largest Baha'i Communities". Largest Religious Communities. Adherents.com. 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-20. for 2000 estimates among all nations. Various census figures of some of these countries vary significantly. See Bahá'í statistics.

Jainism

  1.  India 0.3%
  2.  Suriname 0.3%
  3.  Fiji 0.2%
  4.  Kenya 0.2%
  5.    Nepal 0.1%

By population

Christians

Largest Christian populations (as of 2011):

  1.  United States 229,157,250[106] (details)
  2.  Brazil 169,213,130[107]
  3.  Russia 114,198,444[108]
  4.  Mexico 106,204,560[109]
  5.  Nigeria 80,510,000[110]
  6.  Philippines 78,790,000[111]
  7.  China 67,070,000[110]
  8.  Democratic Republic of the Congo 63,150,000[110]
  9.  France 55,948,600
  10.  Italy 55,832,000
  11.  Ethiopia 51,477,950
  12.  Germany 50,752,580[112]
  13.  Colombia 44,502,000
  14.  Ukraine 41,973,000
  15.  South Africa 40,243,000
  16.  Spain 38,568,000
  17.  Poland 36,526,000
  18.  Kenya 33,625,790
  19.  Argentina 33,497,100
  20.  United Kingdom 33,200,417
  21.  Uganda 29,943,000
  22.  India 28,436,000
  23.  Venezuela 28,340,790
  24.  Peru 27,365,100
  25.  Indonesia 24,123,000

Hindus

Largest Hindu populations (as of 2010):

  1.  India 957,636,314
  2.    Nepal 21,354,570
  3.  Bangladesh 14,274,430
  4.  Indonesia 4,012,470[64]
  5.  Pakistan 2,603,895
  6.  Sri Lanka 2,554,606
  7.  Malaysia 1,700,100
  8.  United States 1,543,730
  9.  United Arab Emirates 1,239,610
  10.  South Africa 749,870
  11.  Mauritius 665,820
  12.  United Kingdom 630,000
  13.  Canada 497,960
  14.  Tanzania 403,570
  15.  Kuwait 328,440
  16.  Australia 275,500
  17.  Singapore 264,370
  18.  Fiji 261,097[113]
  19.  Trinidad and Tobago 240,100[54]
  20.  Myanmar 203,000[114]
  21.  Guyana 185,475[115]
  22.  Bhutan 177,100
  23.  Suriname 120,785[116]
  24.  Germany 120,000

Muslims

Muslim population by country, 2009.

Largest Muslim populations (as of 2017):

  1.  Indonesia 245,000,000[64]
  2.  Pakistan 203,000,000
  3.  India 182,000,000
  4.  Bangladesh 142,937,800
  5.  Nigeria 90,000,000
  6.  Iran 73,238,340
  7.  Egypt 70,056,000
  8.  Turkey 70,036,838
  9.  Algeria 36,092,810
  10.  Morocco 31,351,800
  11.  Afghanistan 30,112,680
  12.  Sudan 30,064,180
  13.  Iraq 29,767,300
  14.  Ethiopia 28,120,050
  15.  Saudi Arabia 26,624,560
  16.  Uzbekistan 25,628,240
  17.  Russia 25,000,000[117]
  18.  Yemen 23,836,523
  19.  China 20,095,870
  20.  Syria 19,601,750
  21.  Malaysia 17,085,402

Buddhists

Largest Buddhist populations

  1.  China 244,130,000
  2.  Thailand 64,420,000
  3.  Japan 45,820,000
  4.  Burma 38,410,000
  5.  South Korea 10,500,000
  6.  India 9,250,000
  7.  Malaysia 5,010,000
  8.  Sri Lanka 4,450,000
  9.  Vietnam 4,380,000
  10.  United States 3,800,023
  11.  Cambodia 3,690,000
  12.  Indonesia 1,710,000

Sikhs

Largest Sikh populations

  1.  India 22,892,600
  2.  United Kingdom 853,000
  3.  Canada 620,200
  4.  United States 500,010
  5.  Malaysia 120,000
  6.  Bangladesh 100,000[118]
  7.  Australia 72,300
  8.  Italy 70,000
  9.  Thailand 70,000
  10.  Myanmar 70,000
  11.  United Arab Emirates 50,000
  12.  Pakistan 50,000
  13.  Germany 40,000
  14.  Mauritius 37,700
  15.  Kenya 20,000
  16.  Kuwait 20,000
  17.  Philippines 20,000
  18.  New Zealand 17,400
  19.  Indonesia 15,000
  20.  Singapore 14,500

Jews

Largest Jewish populations (as of 2017):

  1.  Israel 6,451,000[6]
  2.  United States 5,700,000[6]
  3.  France 456,000[6]
  4.  Canada 390,000[6]
  5.  United Kingdom 289,500[6]
  6.  Argentina 180,500[6]
  7.  Russia 176,000[6]
  8.  Germany 116,500[6]
  9.  Australia 113,200[6]
  10.  Brazil 93,800[6]
  11.  South Africa 69,300[6]
  12.  Ukraine 53,000[6]
  13.  Hungary 47,500[6]
  14.  Mexico 40,000[6]
  15.  Netherlands 29,800[6]
  16.  Belgium 29,300[6]
  17.  Italy 27,300[6]
  18.   Switzerland 18,700[6]
  19.  Chile 18,300[6]
  20.  Uruguay 16,900[6]
  21.  Turkey 15,300[6]
  22.  Sweden 15,000[6]
  23.  Spain 11,800[6]
  24.  Belarus 10,000[6]
  25.  Panama 10,000[6]

Bahá'ís

Largest Bahá'í populations (as of 2010) in countries with a national population ≥200,000:[119]

  1.  India 1,897,651 (The 2011 Census of India recorded 4,572 Bahá'ís[120][121])
  2.  United States 512,864
  3.  Kenya 422,782
  4.  Vietnam 388,802
  5.  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 282,916
  6.  Philippines 275,069
  7.  Iran 251,127
  8.  Zambia 241,112
  9.  South Africa 238,532
  10.  Bolivia 215,359
  11.  Tanzania 190,419
  12.  Venezuela 169,811
  13.  Uganda 95,098
  14.  Chad 94,499
  15.  Pakistan 87,259
  16.  Burma (Myanmar) 78,915
  17.  Colombia 70,504
  18.  Malaysia 67,549
  19.  Thailand 65,096
  20.  Papua New Guinea 59,898

Jainism

As of 2005:[122]

  1.  India 5,146,697
  2.  United States 79,459
  3.  Kenya 68,848
  4.  United Kingdom 35,000
  5.  Canada 12,101
  6.  Tanzania 9,002
  7.    Nepal 6,800
  8.  Uganda 2,663
  9.  Burma 2,398
  10.  Malaysia 2,052
  11.  South Africa 1,918
  12.  Fiji 1,573
  13.  Japan 1,535
  14.  Belgium 1,500
  15.  Australia 1,449
  16.  Suriname 1,217
  17.  Ireland 1,000
  18.  Réunion 981
  19.  Yemen 229

See also

Religions:

References

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  2. ^ a b c "Major Religions of the World Ranked by Number of Adherents". Adherents.com. 2005. Retrieved 19 Jun 2010.
  3. ^ "World's largest religion by population is still Christianity".
  4. ^ "Global Index of Religion and Atheism: Press Release" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 October 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2015.
  5. ^ Lugira, Aloysius M., African Traditional Religions (New York: Chealsea House, 2009), p. 36 [in] Varghese, Roy Abraham, Christ Connection: How the World Religions Prepared the Way for the Penomenon of Jesus, Paraclete Press (2011), p. 1935, ISBN 9781557258397 [1] (Retrieved 24 March 2019)
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