- 1 Hebrew Bible
- 1.1 Serpent of Genesis
- 1.2 Wives of the antediluvian patriarchs
- 1.3 Cain and Abel's sisters
- 1.4 Noah's wife
- 1.5 Ham's wife
- 1.6 Nimrod's wife
- 1.7 Mother of Abraham
- 1.8 Lot's married daughter
- 1.9 Lot's wife
- 1.10 Laban's wife
- 1.11 Potiphar's wife
- 1.12 Pharaoh's daughter
- 1.13 Simeon's wife
- 1.14 Pharaoh's magicians
- 1.15 The Cushitic wife of Moses
- 1.16 Job's wives
- 1.17 Jephthah's daughter
- 1.18 Samson's mother
- 1.19 David's mother
- 1.20 The Witch of Endor
- 1.21 The Man of God
- 1.22 The wise woman of Abel
- 1.23 The Queen of Sheba
- 1.24 Jeroboam's wife
- 1.25 Haman's mother
- 2 Old Testament deuterocanonicals
- 3 New Testament
- 3.1 The Magi
- 3.2 The Nativity shepherds
- 3.3 Jesus' "sisters"
- 3.4 The Innocents
- 3.5 Herodias' daughter
- 3.6 Syrophoenician woman
- 3.7 the Child with Jesus
- 3.8 Hæmorrhaging woman
- 3.9 Samaritan woman at the well
- 3.10 Damned rich man
- 3.11 Woman taken in adultery
- 3.12 The man born blind
- 3.13 Pontius Pilate's wife
- 3.14 Thieves crucified with Jesus
- 3.15 Soldier who pierced Jesus with a spear
- 3.16 Man who offered Jesus vinegar
- 3.17 Guard(s) at Jesus' tomb
- 3.18 Ethiopian Eunuch baptized by the Apostle Philip
- 3.19 Daughters of Philip
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 Further reading
Serpent of Genesis
Wives of the antediluvian patriarchs
|Lamech (Seth's line)||Betenos|
- Source: the Book of Jubilees (part of the Oriental Orthodox deuterocanon)
- Appears in the Bible at: Genesis 4–5
The Book of Jubilees provides names for a host of otherwise unnamed biblical characters, including wives for most of the antediluvian patriarchs. The last of these is Noah's wife, to whom it gives the name of Emzara. Other Jewish traditional sources contain many different names for Noah's wife.
For many of the early wives in the series, Jubilees notes that the patriarchs married their sisters.
The Cave of Treasures and the earlier Kitab al-Magall (part of Clementine literature) name entirely different women as the wives of the patriarchs, with considerable variations among the extant copies.
The Muslim historian Ibn Ishaq (c. 750), as cited in al-Tabari (c. 915), provides names for these wives which are generally similar to those in Jubilees, but he makes them Cainites rather than Sethites, despite clearly stating elsewhere that none of Noah's ancestors were descended from Cain.
Cain and Abel's sisters
- Name: Aclima (or Calmana or Luluwa)
- source: Golden Legend, which also tells stories about many of the saints
- Appears in the Bible at: Genesis 4:17
- Name: Delbora
- source: Golden Legend, which also tells stories about many of the saints
- Appears in the Bible at: Genesis 4
Daughter of Lamech and Zillah and sister of Tubal-cain (Gen. iv. 22). According to Abba ben Kahana, Naamah was Noah's wife and was called "Naamah" (pleasant) because her conduct was pleasing to God. But the majority of the rabbis reject this statement, declaring that Naamah was an idolatrous woman who sang "pleasant" songs to idols.
See also Wives aboard the Ark for a list of traditional names given to the wives of Noah and his sons Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
A large body of legend has attached itself to Nimrod, whose brief mention in Genesis merely makes him "a mighty hunter in the face of the Lord". (The Biblical account makes no mention of a wife at all.) These legends usually make Nimrod to be a sinister figure, and they reach their peak in Hislop's The Two Babylons, which make Nimrod and Semiramis to be the original authors of every false and pagan religion.
Mother of Abraham
- Name: Amthlai bath (daughter of) Khrubu
- Source: Babylonian Talmud Tractate Baba Bathra Chapter 5
- Appears in the Bible at: Book of Genesis
Lot's married daughter
- Adinah redirects here. For other uses, see Adinah (disambiguation)
- Name: Zuleikha
- Source: The Sefer Hayyashar, a book of Jewish lore published in Venice in 1625.  Also, the Persian mystical poem "Yusuf and Zulaikha" by Jami.
- Appears in the Bible at: Genesis 39:12
Potiphar's wife attempted to seduce Joseph in Egypt.
- Name: Merris
- Source: Eusebius of Caesarea (Preparation for the Gospel 9.15)
- Name: Merrhoe
- Source: Eustathius of Antioch (Commentary on Hexameron MPG 18.785)
- Name: Thermutis
- Source: Flavius Josephus
- Name: Sobekneferu or Neferusobek
- Source: Unwrapping the Pharaohs
- Ashton, John; Down, David (22 September 2006). "Chapter 12: Pharaohs of the Oppression". Unwrapping the Pharaohs. Master Books. pp. 87–90. ISBN 978-0-890-51468-9. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
- Name: Bunah
- Source: Book of Jasher 34:36 Legends of the Jews Volume 1 Chapter 6
- Appears in the bible at: Genesis
- Name: Dinah
- Source: Midrash Bereshit Rabba 80:11. After Simeon and Levi slaughtered the men of Shechem, Dinah refused to go with them unless someone married her and raised the child of Prince Chamor she was carrying as his own. Simeon did this.
- Names: Jannes and Jambres
- Source: 2 Timothy 3:8, Book of Jasher chapter 79 Antiquities of the Jews Book 2 Aquarian Gospel of Jesus the Christ Chapter 109  Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol. VIII Easton's Bible Dictionary The Book of the Bee Chapter 30 Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Vol. XIII Legends of the Jews Volume 2 Chapter 4, Chronicles of Jerahmeel, Papyrus Chester Beatty XVI: The Apocryphon of Jannes and Jambres
- Appears in the Bible at: Exodus 7
The names of Jannes and Jambres, or Jannes and Mambres, were well known through the ancient world as magicians. In this instance, nameless characters from the Hebrew Bible are given names in the New Testament. Their names also appear in numerous Jewish texts.
The Cushitic wife of Moses
- Name: Tharbis
- Source: Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, Book II, Chapter 10 
- Appears in the Bible at: Numbers 12
- Name: Adoniah
- Source: Book of Jasher, 23.5–25.5
- Names: Sitis, Dinah
- Source: The apocryphal Testament of Job
- Appears in the Bible at: Book of Job
Apocryphal Jewish folklore says that Sitis, or Sitidos, was Job's first wife, who died during his trials. After his temptation was over, the same sources say that Job remarried Dinah, Jacob's daughter who appears in Genesis.
- Name: Raḥma
- Source: Islamic tradition
The source does not tell which wife of Job has this name.
- Name: Seila
- Source: Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum
- Name: Adah
- Source: Order of the Eastern Star
- Appears in the Bible at: Judges 11
- Name: Z'llpunith
- Source: Babylonian Talmud Tractate Baba Bathra Chapter 5
- Appears in the Bible at: Book of Judges 13
- Name: Nzb'th, daughter of Edal
- Source: Babylonian Talmud Tractate Baba Bathra Chapter 5 (folio 91a)
- Appears in the Bible at: Book of Samuel
The Witch of Endor
The Man of God
- Name: Iddo or Jadon
- Appears in the Bible at: 2 Chronicles 12:15 and 1 Kings 13
The wise woman of Abel
The Queen of Sheba
- Name: Nicaule
- Source: Josephus
- Name: Bilqis
- Source: Islamic traditions
According to Ethiopian traditions, the Queen of Sheba returned to Ethiopia pregnant with King Solomon's child. She bore Solomon a son that went on to found a dynasty that ruled Ethiopia until the fall of Emperor Haile Selassie in 1974.
- Name: Amthlai daughter of Urbthi
- Source: Babylonian Talmud Tractate Baba Bathra Chapter 5
- Appears in the Bible at: Book of Esther
Old Testament deuterocanonicals
The Deuterocanonical books, sometimes called the "Apocrypha", are considered canonical by Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, and Oriental Orthodox (though these churches' lists of books differ slightly from each other).
Seven Maccabees and their mother
- Name: Habroun, Hebsoun, Bakhous, Adai, Tarsai, Maqbai and Yawnothon.
- Source: Maronite tradition
- Name: Abim, Antonius, Gurias, Eleazar, Eusebonus, Alimus and Marcellus.
- Source: Eastern Orthodox Tradition
The woman with seven sons is a Jewish martyr who is unnamed in 2 Maccabees 7, but is named Hannah, Miriam, Shamuna and Solomonia in other sources. According to Eastern Orthodox tradition, her sons, the "Holy Maccabean Martyrs" (not to be confused with the martyrs in the Ethiopian book of Meqabyan), are named Abim, Antonius, Gurias, Eleazar, Eusebonus, Alimus and Marcellus. According to the Syriac Maronite Fenqitho (book of festal offices), the name of the mother is Shmooni while her sons are Habroun, Hebsoun, Bakhous, Adai, Tarsai, Maqbai and Yawnothon.
The seven Archangels
- Name: Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, Uriel, Selaphiel, Jegudiel and Barachiel
- Source: Byzantine Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Tradition
- Name: Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, Suriel, Zadkiel, Sarathiel, and Ananiel.
- Source: Coptic Orthodox tradition
Tobit 12:15 reads "I am Raphael, one of the seven holy angels, which present the prayers of the saints, and which go in and out before the glory of the Holy One." Of the six unnamed archangels, Michael is named in the Book of Daniel, and Gabriel is named in the Gospel of Luke.
The Book of Enoch, deuterocanonical in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, names the remaining four archangels Uriel, Raguel, Zerachiel, and Ramiel. Other sources name them Uriel, Izidkiel, Haniel, and Kepharel. In the Coptic Orthodox Church the names of these four archangels are given as Suriel, Sedakiel, Sarathiel and Ananiel. Several other sets of names have also been given.
- Names: Balthasar, Melqon, Gaspar
- Source: Armenisches Kindheitsevangelium 
- Names: Balthasar, Melchior, and Caspar (or Gaspar)
- Source: European folklore
- Names: Larvandad, Hormisdas, and Gushnasaph
- Source: Syrian Christian folklore
- Names: Manatho, Alchor, and Gaspar
- Source: White Shrine Of Jerusalem - Masonic
- Appear in the Bible at: Matthew 2
The Gospel does not state that there were, in fact, three magi or when exactly they visited Jesus, only that multiple magi brought three gifts: gold, frankincense, and myrrh. Nevertheless, the number of magi is usually extrapolated from the number of gifts, and the three wise men are a staple of Christian nativity scenes. While the European names have enjoyed the most publicity, other faith traditions have different versions. According to the Armenisches Kindheitsevangelium, the three magi were brothers and kings, namely Balthasar, king of India; Melqon, king of Persia; and Gaspar, king of Arabia. The Chinese Christian Church[clarification needed] believes that the astronomer Liu Shang was one of the wise men.
The Nativity shepherds
- Names: Asher, Zebulun, Justus, Nicodemus, Joseph, Barshabba, and Jose
- Source: The Syrian Book of the Bee
- Appear in the Bible at Luke 2
The Book of the Bee was written by Bishop Shelemon in the Aramaic language in the thirteenth century.
- Names: Maria or Anna, Salomé
- Source: Epiphanus
The fact that Jesus had at least two "sisters" is mentioned in Mark 6:3 and Matthew 13:55-56, though their exact number is not specified in either gospel. Their relationship to Jesus is unclear. See Brothers of Jesus § Jesus' brothers and sisters.
The various versions of Epiphanus differ on whether one of the sisters was named Maria or Anna.
- Names: Sicarius of Brantôme, St. Memorius
- Source: St. Helena
- Appears in the Bible at: Matthew 2:6–18
The Massacre of the Innocents was the infanticide of all young male children in the vicinity of Bethlehem ordered by Herod the Great so as to avoid the loss of his throne to a newborn King of the Jews whose birth had been announced to him by the Magi. None of the victims are named by Matthew, but a number of supposed victims were identified some centuries later, when their purported relics were found.
- Name: Salome
- Source: The Jewish Antiquities of Josephus, although that reference does not connect her with John the Baptist.
- Appears in the Bible at: Matthew 14, Mark 6
- Name: Justa
- Source: 3rd century pseudo-Clementine homily 
- Appears in the Bible at: Matthew 15, Mark 7
According to the same source, her daughter was Berenice.
the Child with Jesus
Ignatius was one of the earliest ecclesiastical writers have given credence, though apparently without good reason, to the legend that Ignatius was the child whom Jesus took up in His arms, as described in Mark 9:35. 
- Name: Berenice
- Source: The apocryphal Acts of Pilate
- Appears in the Bible at: Matthew 9:20–22
Veronica is a Latin variant of Berenice (Greek: Βερενίκη). Veronica or Berenice obtained some of Jesus' blood on a cloth at the Crucifixion. Tradition identifies her with the woman who was healed of a bleeding discharge in the Gospel (see also: Veil of Veronica).
Samaritan woman at the well
- Appears in the Bible at: John 4:5–42
In the tradition of the Eastern Orthodox Church, the name of the woman at the well when she met Jesus is unknown, but she became a follower of Christ, received the name Photini in baptism, proclaimed the Gospel over a wide area, and was later martyred. She is recognized as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church.
Damned rich man
- Name: Phineas
- Source: Pseudo-Cyprian, De pascha computus
- Name: Dives
- Source: European Christian folklore
- Appears in the Bible at: Luke 16:19–31
Dives is simply Latin for "rich", and as such may not count as a proper name. The story of the blessed Lazarus and the damned rich man is widely recognised under the title of Dives and Lazarus, which may have resulted in this word being taken for a proper name.
Woman taken in adultery
A long-standing Western Christian tradition first attested by Pope Gregory I identifies the woman taken in adultery with Mary Magdalene, and also with Mary of Bethany. Jesus had exorcised seven demons out of Mary Magdalene (Mark 16:9), and Mary Magdalene appears prominently in the several accounts of Jesus' entombment and resurrection, but there is no indication in the Bible that clearly states that Mary Magdalene was the same person as the adulteress forgiven by Jesus. Roman Catholics also have identified Mary Magdalene as the weeping woman who was a sinner, and who anoints Jesus' feet in Luke 7:36–50, and while the Church has dropped this interpretation to a degree, this remains one of her more famous portrayals.
The Eastern Orthodox Church has never identified Mary Magdalene as either the woman taken in adultery, or the sinful woman who anointed Jesus' feet.
The man born blind
Pontius Pilate's wife
- Name: Claudia, Procla, Procula, Perpetua or Claudia Procles
- Source: European folklore; Dolorous Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ (as "Claudia Procles")
- Appears in the Bible at: Matthew 27:19
The proposed names of Procla and Procula may not be names at all, but simply a form of Pilate's official title of Procurator, indicating that she was the Procurator's wife.
Thieves crucified with Jesus
- Names: Titus and Dumachus
- Source: Arabic Gospel of the Infancy of the Saviour
The good thief is revered under the name Saint Dismas in the Catholic Church and the Coptic Orthodox Church.
Soldier who pierced Jesus with a spear
In tradition, he is called Cassius before his conversion to Christianity. The Lance of Longinus, also known as the Spear of Destiny, is supposedly preserved as a relic, and various miracles are said to be worked through it.
Man who offered Jesus vinegar
- Name: Agathon
- Source: Codex Egberti, 10th century
- Appears in the Bible at: Matthew 27:48, Mark 15:36, & John 19:29–30
Guard(s) at Jesus' tomb
- Names: Issachar, Gad, Matthias, Barnabas, Simon
- Source: The Book of the Bee
- Appears in the Bible at: Matthew 27:62–66
Ethiopian Eunuch baptized by the Apostle Philip
- Name: Simeon Bachos
- Source: Adversus haereses (Against the Heresies, an early anti-Gnostic theological work) 3:12:8 (180 AD)
In Eastern Orthodox tradition he is known as an Ethiopian Jew with the name Simeon also called the Black, the same name he is given in the Acts of the Apostles 13:1.
- Appears in the Bible at: Acts 13:1
Daughters of Philip
Appears in the Bible:Acts of the Apostles 21.8-9
- The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha: Expansions of the "Old ... James H. Charlesworth - 1985 "He seeks to destroy men's souls (Vita 17:1) by disguising himself as an angel of light (Vita 9:1, 3; 12:1; ApMos 17:1) to put into men "his evil poison, which is his covetousness" (epithymia, ..."
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