List of metropolitan areas by population

One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core. There is currently no generally accepted, globally consistent definition of exactly what constitutes a metropolitan area, thus making comparisons between cities in different countries especially difficult. However, for consistency, the sources on this article include official figures from governments only.

As an alternative to the metropolitan area, Eurostat introduced the concept of the Larger Urban Zone in 2004.[1] Similarly, OECD defines Functional Urban Areas for cities in OECD countries.[2] Both Larger Urban Zone and Functional Urban Area define a city as an urban core surrounded by a commuting zone, and so are similar to the general concept of the "metropolitan area". Eurostat only computes Larger Urban Zone populations for European Union member states, candidate members, and European Free Trade Area members. OECD computes Functional Urban Area populations for OECD member states. These two statistics are therefore not available for most developing countries.

List[edit]

Note: Due to a lack of accurate governmental data, this list is incomplete.

Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
Metropolitan Country Continent Official population Year
 Tokyo  Japan Asia [3]37,868,229 2018
 Shanghai  China Asia [4]34,000,000 2015
 Jakarta  Indonesia Asia [5]31,689,592 2015
 Seoul  South Korea Asia [6]25,514,000 2016
 Guangzhou  China Asia [4]25,000,000 2015
 Beijing  China Asia [4]24,900,000 2015
 Manila  Philippines Asia [7]24,650,000 2018
 New York  United States North America [8]23,522,861 2018
 Delhi  India Asia [9]21,753,486 2016
 Shenzhen  China Asia [4]23,300,000 2015
 Mexico City  Mexico North America [10]21,650,668 2017
 São Paulo  Brazil South America [11]21,242,939 2016
 Lagos  Nigeria Africa [12]21,000,000 2014
 Mumbai  India Asia [9]20,748,395 2011
 Cairo  Egypt Africa [13]20,500,000 2012
 Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe  Japan Asia [3]19,342,000 2010
 Wuhan  China Asia [4]19,000,000 2015
 Los Angeles  United States North America [8]18,764,814 2018
 Chengdu  China Asia [4]18,100,000 2015
 Dhaka  Bangladesh Asia [14]17,151,925 2011
 Chongqing  China Asia [4]17,000,000 2015
 Karachi  Pakistan Asia [15]16,900,000 2018
 Moscow  Russia Europe [7]16,855,000 2018
 Tianjin  China Asia [4]15,400,000 2015
 Istanbul  Turkey Europe/Asia [16]15,029,231 2017
 Bangkok  Thailand Asia [17]14,626,225 2010
 Kolkata  India Asia [9]14,617,882 2011
 Tehran  Iran Asia [18]14,595,904 2011
 London  United Kingdom Europe [19]14,187,146 2016
 Hangzhou  China Asia [4]13,400,000 2015
 Surabaya  Indonesia Asia [20]13,123,948 2015
 Buenos Aires  Argentina South America [21]13,074,000 2010
 Xi'an  China Asia [4]12,900,000 2015
 Paris  France Europe [22]12,532,901 2015
 Bangalore  India Asia [9]11,695,110 2018
 Changzhou  China Asia [4]12,400,000 2015
 Kinshasa  Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa [7]12,350,000 2018
 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil South America [11]12,330,186 2016
 Hyderabad  India Asia [9]12,252,068 2011
 Shantou  China Asia [4]12,000,000 2015
 Nanjing  China Asia [4]11,700,000 2015
 Rhine-Ruhr  Germany Europe [23]11,471,732 2006
 Lahore  Pakistan Asia [7]11,070,000 2018
 Jinan  China Asia [4]11,000,000 2015
 Chennai  India Asia [7]13,300,253 2018
 Harbin  China Asia [4]10,500,000 2015
 Lima  Peru South America [24]9,886,647 2015
 City of Chicago  United States North America [8]9,866,910 2018
 Washington, D.C. - Baltimore  United States North America [8]9,797,063 2018
 Zhengzhou  China Asia [4]9,700,000 2015
 Johannesburg  South Africa Africa [25]9,616,000 2016
 Qingdao  China Asia [4]9,600,000 2015
 Bogotá  Colombia South America [26]9,286,225 2015
 Nagoya  Japan Asia [3]9,107,000 2010
 San Francisco-San Jose-Oakland  United States North America [8]8,841,475 2018
Bandung  Indonesia Asia [20]8,495,928 2014
 Boston  United States North America [8]8,285,407 2018
 Randstad  Netherlands Europe [27]8,219,380 2016
 Busan  South Korea Asia [28]8,202,239 2014
 Milan  Italy Europe [29]8,173,176 2017
 Dallas-Fort Worth  United States North America [8]7,994,303 2018
 Riyadh  Saudi Arabia Asia [30]7,739,570 2016
 Shenyang  China Asia [4]7,700,000 2015
 Wenzhou  China Asia [4]7,600,000 2015
 Pune  India Asia [9]7,541,946 2011
 Hong Kong  China Asia [31]7,409,800 2017
 Nanchang  China Asia [4]7,400,000 2015
 Yangon  Myanmar Asia [32]7,360,703 2014
 Philadelphia  United States North America [8]7,204,035 2018
 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Asia [33]7,200,000 2014
 Houston  United States North America [8]7,197,883 2018
 Taipei–Keelung  Taiwan Asia [34]7,045,488 2013
 Miami  United States North America [8]6,879,772 2018
 Santiago Metropolitan  Chile South America [35]6,683,852 2012
 Atlanta  United States North America [8]6,630,231 2018
 Madrid  Spain Europe [19]6,549,520 2018
 Luanda  Angola Africa [36]6,542,944 2014
 Toronto  Canada North America [37]6,417,516 2016
 Ahmedabad  India Asia [9]6,352,254 2011
 Saint Petersburg  Russia Europe [circular reference][38]6,200,000 2015
 Berlin-Brandenburg  Germany Europe [39]6,004,857 2015
 Munich  Germany Europe [40][39]5,900,000 2014
 Belo Horizonte  Brazil South America [11]5,873,841 2016
 Kanpur  India Asia [41]5,873,588 2011
 Frankfurt  Germany Europe [42]5,821,523 2015
 Singapore  Singapore Asia [43]5,535,000 2015
 Barcelona  Spain Europe [19]5,445,904 2016
 Ankara  Turkey Asia [16]5,346,518 2016
 Detroit  United States North America [8]5,353,002 2018
 Caracas  Venezuela South America [44][45]5,322,310 2015
 Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman  United Arab Emirates Asia [46]5,300,000 2015
 Stuttgart  Germany Europe [47][39]5,300,000 2015
 Sydney  Australia Oceania [48]5,230,330 2018
 Hamburg  Germany Europe [39]5,100,000 2015
 Melbourne  Australia Oceania [49]4,963,349 2018
 Guadalajara  Mexico North America [10]4,909,287 2017
 Alexandria  Egypt Africa [50]4,778,000 2015
 Phoenix  United States North America [8]4,911,851 2018
 Seattle  United States North America [8]4,853,364 2018
 Monterrey  Mexico North America [10]4,603,254 2017
 Khartoum  Sudan Africa [25]4,592,636 2016

See also[edit]

Lists of metropolitan areas by region[edit]

Lists of metropolitan areas by country or region[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Position Statement on Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 Archived 2015-07-02 at the Wayback Machine, EuroMETREX. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
  2. ^ "OEDC Populations in cities". OEDC. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Table 2.10 Population of Three Major Metropolitan Areas". Statistics Bureau of Japan. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t OECD Urban Policy Reviews: China 2015. OECD Urban Policy Reviews. OECD. 18 Apr 2015. p. 37. doi:10.1787/9789264230040-en. ISBN 9789264230033.
  5. ^ "Data Jumlah Penduduk Jabodetabek (2014)". finance.detik.com. Detik.com. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
  6. ^ ???? : ???? ???? (in Korean). Ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs. Archived from the original on 3 March 2011. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d e Urban agglomeration only: "Demographia World Urban Areas, 14th Annual Edition" (PDF). April 2018. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 May 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018 – All Combined Statistical Areas within United States Puerto Rico – 2018 Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g "INDIA STATS : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 31 October 2011. Archived from the original on 30 June 2015. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  10. ^ a b c "Proyecciones de la población de las zonas metropolitanas, 2010-2030" (in Spanish). Consejo Nacional de Población (CONAPO). Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  11. ^ a b c "Região Metropolitana de São Paulo". EMPLASA. 2017. Archived from the original on 25 September 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  12. ^ "Population". Lagos State Government. Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  13. ^ The Evolving Urban Form: Cairo, New Geography, 13 June 2012, retrieved 9 Oct 2015
  14. ^ "Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics-Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh | বাংলাদেশ পরিসংখ্যান ব্যুরো-গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ সরকার". www.bbs.gov.bd. Retrieved 2018-03-14.
  15. ^ Brinkhoff, Thomas. "The Principal Agglomerations of the World". City Population. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
  16. ^ a b (TurkStat), Turkish Statistical Institute. "Turkish Statistical Institute The Results of Address Based Population Registration System 2017". www.turkstat.gov.tr.
  17. ^ "Thailand: Division (Planning Regions and Provinces) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de.
  18. ^ "wed'eat tewes'eh shhera aaran neguran‌kenenedh aset/ shherhaa aqemara theran beraa ferewesh heram mesabeqh gudasheth‌aned - peaaguah khebera wezaret rah w shheresaza" وضعیت توسعه شهری ایران نگران‌کننده است/ شهرهای اقماری تهران برای فروش حریم مسابقه گذاشته‌اند - پایگاه خبری وزارت راه و شهرسازی [Urban development situation concerning Iran / Tehran satellite cities have to sell space race - News Ministry of Roads and Urban Development].
  19. ^ a b c "Metropolitan regions: Demographic balance and crude rates". Eurostat. Retrieved 30 Jan 2018.
  20. ^ a b "Indonesia: Provinces, Regencies, Cities, Districts, Communes, Settlements - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". www.citypopulation.de.
  21. ^ "Censo 2010. Resultados provisionales: cuadros y gráficos" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INDEC). Archived from the original on 20 December 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  22. ^ "Villes et communes de France − Tableaux de l'économie française | Insee". www.insee.fr.
  23. ^ "EMR" (PDF).
  24. ^ "PERÚ: ESTIMACIONES Y PROYECCIONES DE POBLACIÓN TOTAL POR SEXO DE LAS PRINCIPALES CIUDADES". Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informatica (INEI) (in Spanish). Scribd. March 2012. p. 32. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
  25. ^ a b "The World's Cities in 2016" (PDF). United Nations. 2016. p. 11.
  26. ^ "ESTIMACIONES DE POBLACIÓN 1985 – 2005 Y PROYECCIONES DE POBLACIÓN 2005–2020 TOTAL DEPARTAMENTAL POR ÁREA" (in Spanish). DANE. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  27. ^ "CBS Statline". opendata.cbs.nl.
  28. ^ "Biggest Cities In South Korea - WorldAtlas.com". www.worldatlas.com.
  29. ^ "History, economy, administrative data, tourism, contacts and map of Milan in Italy - TheMayor EU". www.themayor.eu.
  30. ^ "Population In Riyadh region by Gender, Age Groups and Nationality 2015". General Authority for Statistics, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  31. ^ "Population - Overview | Census and Statistics Department". www.censtatd.gov.hk. Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  32. ^ "Census Main Report (UNION) - ENGLISH.pdf". Google Docs. Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  33. ^ http://focusmalaysia.my/Assets/KL%20on%20track%20to%20megacity%20status. Missing or empty |title= (help)|title=KL on track to megacity status
  34. ^ "?????????????". Ministry of the Interior (Republic of China). 2013. Archived from the original on 2014-03-29.
  35. ^ "Región Metropolitana de Santiago" (PDF) (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  36. ^ "Angola (2014)". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
  37. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (February 8, 2017). "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". www12.statcan.gc.ca.
  38. ^ "Санкт-Петербургская агломерация". November 12, 2018 – via Wikipedia.
  39. ^ a b c d "Initiativkreises Europäische Metropolregionen in Deutschland (IKM)". Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  40. ^ "Metropolregion München". www.metropolregion-muenchen.eu.
  41. ^ Demography. "Demography".
  42. ^ "Initiativkreis Europäische Metropolregionen in Deutschland: Mitglieder". www.deutsche-metropolregionen.org (in German). Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  43. ^ "Population & Land Area (Mid-Year Estimates)". Statistics Singapore. Archived from the original on 2015-11-29. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  44. ^ Alvarez, Rosangel. "Caracas: una ciudad de múltiples indefiniciones" (PDF). CONHISREMI. Revista Universitaria de Investigación y Diálogo Académico. p. 10. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-04-25.
  45. ^ "Proyección de la población al 30 de junio con base al censo 2011, según entidad federal y municipios, 2000-2050". Instituto Nacional de Estadística. Retrieved 2016-04-23.
  46. ^ Reporter, Jumana Khamis, Staff (6 August 2015). "Indians, Pakistanis make up 37% of Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman population".
  47. ^ Verband Region Stuttgart. "Portal der Region Stuttgart: Metropolregion Stuttgart".
  48. ^ "3218.0 - Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2015-16". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 30 March 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  49. ^ Statistics, c=AU; o=Commonwealth of Australia; ou=Australian Bureau of. "Main Features - Main Features". www.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-04-15.
  50. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2018-04-15.

External links[edit]