List of countries by Human Development Index

World map of countries by Human Development Index categories in increments of 0.050 (based on 2018 data, published in 2019).
  ≥ 0.900
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  ≤ 0.399
  Data unavailable

This is a list of countries by the Human Development Index as included in the United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report. The Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary index assessing countries on 3 dimensions, health, education and standard of living using life expectancy at birth, expected years of schooling for children and mean years of schooling for adults, and GNI per capita. The final HDI is a value between 0 and 1 with countries grouped into four categories depending on the value, very high for HDI of 0.800 and above, high from 0.700 to 0.799, medium from 0.550 to 0.699 and low below 0.550.[1][2]

The Human Development Report has been published most years since 1990, most recently 9 December 2019. The 2019 report contained the HDI of 189 countries and territories and 15 regions or groups of countries based on data collected in 2018[3]

In the 2010 Human Development Report, a further Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI) was introduced assessing countries on a forth dimension of inequality. The report stated that while the HDI remains useful, "the IHDI is the actual level of human development (accounting for inequality)" and "the HDI can be viewed as an index of "potential" human development (or the maximum IHDI that could be achieved if there were no inequality)".[4]

Complete list of countries

Change in score on the Human Development Index from 2017 to 2018 (based on 2017 and 2018 data, published in 2019).
  + 0.010
  + 0.007
  + 0.006
  + 0.005
  + 0.004
  + 0.003
  + 0.002
  + 0.001
  ± 0.000
  - 0.001
  - 0.002
  No data
  • Increase = increase
  • Steady = steady
  • Decrease = decrease
Rank Country HDI
2018 data (2019 report) rankings[5] Change in rank from previous year[5] 2018 data (2019 report) rankings[5] Change from previous year[6]
Very high human development
1 Steady  Norway 0.954 Increase 0.001
2 Steady   Switzerland 0.946 Increase 0.003
3 Steady  Ireland 0.942 Increase 0.003
4 Steady  Germany 0.939 Increase 0.001
4 Increase (2)  Hong Kong 0.939 Increase 0.003
6 Decrease (1)  Australia 0.938 Increase 0.001
6 Increase (1)  Iceland 0.938 Increase 0.003
8 Decrease (1)  Sweden 0.937 Increase 0.001
9 Steady  Singapore 0.935 Increase 0.001
10 Steady  Netherlands 0.933 Increase 0.001
11 Steady  Denmark 0.930 Increase 0.001
12 Steady  Finland 0.925 Increase 0.001
13 Steady  Canada 0.922 Increase 0.001
14 Steady  New Zealand 0.921 Increase 0.001
15 Steady  United Kingdom 0.920 Increase 0.001
15 Steady  United States 0.920 Increase 0.001
17 Steady  Belgium 0.919 Increase 0.002
18 Steady  Liechtenstein 0.917 Increase 0.001
19 Steady  Japan 0.915 Increase 0.002
20 Steady  Austria 0.914 Increase 0.002
21 Steady  Luxembourg 0.909 Increase 0.001
22 Steady  Israel 0.906 Increase 0.002
22 Steady  South Korea 0.906 Increase 0.002
24 Steady  Slovenia 0.902 Increase 0.003
25 Steady  Spain 0.893 Increase 0.002
26 Steady  Czech Republic 0.891 Increase 0.003
26 Steady  France 0.891 Increase 0.001
28 Steady  Malta 0.885 Increase 0.002
29 Steady  Italy 0.883 Increase 0.002
30 Steady  Estonia 0.882 Increase 0.003
31 Steady  Cyprus 0.873 Increase 0.002
32 Steady  Greece 0.872 Increase 0.001
32 Increase (1)  Poland 0.872 Increase 0.004
34 Steady  Lithuania 0.869 Increase 0.003
35 Steady  United Arab Emirates 0.866 Increase 0.002
36 Increase (2)  Andorra 0.857 Increase 0.005
36 Steady  Saudi Arabia 0.857 Increase 0.001
36 Increase (2)  Slovakia 0.857 Increase 0.003
39 Steady  Latvia 0.854 Increase 0.004
40 Steady  Portugal 0.850 Increase 0.002
41 Steady  Qatar 0.848 Steady
42 Steady  Chile 0.847 Increase 0.002
43 Steady  Brunei 0.845 Increase 0.002
43 Steady  Hungary 0.845 Increase 0.004
45 Steady  Bahrain 0.838 Decrease 0.001
46 Steady  Croatia 0.837 Increase 0.002
47 Steady  Oman 0.834 Increase 0.001
48 Steady  Argentina 0.830 Decrease 0.002
49 Steady  Russia 0.824 Increase 0.002
50 Steady  Belarus 0.817 Increase 0.002
50 Increase (1)  Kazakhstan 0.817 Increase 0.004
52 Decrease (1)  Bulgaria 0.816 Increase 0.003
52 Decrease (2)  Montenegro 0.816 Increase 0.002
52 Decrease (1)  Romania 0.816 Increase 0.003
55 Increase (1)  Palau 0.814 Increase 0.003
56 Decrease (5)  Barbados 0.813 Steady
57 Steady  Kuwait 0.808 Decrease 0.001
57 Increase (1)  Uruguay 0.808 Increase 0.001
59 Steady  Turkey 0.806 Increase 0.001
60 Steady  Bahamas 0.805 Increase 0.001
61 Steady  Malaysia 0.804 Increase 0.002
62 Steady  Seychelles 0.801 Increase 0.001
High human development
63 Increase (2)  Serbia 0.799 Increase 0.005
63 Steady  Trinidad and Tobago 0.799 Steady
65 Decrease (2)  Iran 0.797 Decrease 0.002
66 Steady  Mauritius 0.796 Increase 0.003
67 Steady  Panama 0.795 Increase 0.002
68 Steady  Costa Rica 0.794 Increase 0.002
69 Steady  Albania 0.791 Increase 0.002
70 Steady  Georgia 0.786 Increase 0.003
71 Increase (1)  Sri Lanka 0.780 Increase 0.004
72 Decrease (1)  Cuba 0.778 Increase 0.001
73 Increase (1)  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.777 Increase 0.003
74 Decrease (1)  Antigua and Barbuda 0.776 Increase 0.002
75 Steady  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.769 Increase 0.002
76 Steady  Mexico 0.767 Increase 0.002
77 Steady  Thailand 0.765 Increase 0.003
78 Steady  Grenada 0.763 Increase 0.003
79 Decrease (1)  Brazil 0.761 Increase 0.001
79 Decrease (1)  Colombia 0.761 Increase 0.001
81 Steady  Armenia 0.760 Increase 0.002
82 Decrease (1)  Algeria 0.759 Increase 0.001
82 Decrease (1)  North Macedonia 0.759 Increase 0.001
82 Increase (3)  Peru 0.759 Increase 0.003
85 Increase (1)  China 0.758 Increase 0.005
85 Decrease (1)  Ecuador 0.758 Increase 0.001
87 Steady  Azerbaijan 0.754 Increase 0.002
88 Steady  Ukraine 0.750 Increase 0.003
89 Increase (1)  Dominican Republic 0.745 Increase 0.004
89 Steady  Saint Lucia 0.745 Increase 0.001
91 Steady  Tunisia 0.739 Increase 0.001
92 Increase (2)  Mongolia 0.735 Increase 0.006
World 0.731 Increase 0.002
93 Steady  Lebanon 0.730 Decrease 0.002
94 Increase (3)  Botswana 0.728 Increase 0.004
94 Decrease (1)  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.728 Increase 0.002
96 Steady  Jamaica 0.726 Increase 0.001
96 Decrease (4)  Venezuela 0.726 Decrease 0.009
98 Steady  Dominica 0.724 Increase 0.001
98 Increase (4)  Fiji 0.724 Increase 0.003
98 Increase (1)  Paraguay 0.724 Increase 0.002
98 Increase (1)  Suriname 0.724 Increase 0.002
102 Decrease (3)  Jordan 0.723 Increase 0.001
103 Steady  Belize 0.720 Increase 0.001
104 Increase (1)  Maldives 0.719 Increase 0.003
105 Decrease (1)  Tonga 0.717 Steady
106 Steady  Philippines 0.712 Increase 0.003
107 Decrease (1)  Moldova 0.711 Increase 0.002
108 Steady  Turkmenistan 0.710 Increase 0.002
108 Increase (1)  Uzbekistan 0.710 Increase 0.003
110 Increase (1)  Libya 0.708 Increase 0.004
111 Steady  Indonesia 0.707 Increase 0.003
111 Decrease (1)  Samoa 0.707 Increase 0.001
113 Decrease (2)  South Africa 0.705 Increase 0.001
114 Steady  Bolivia 0.703 Increase 0.003
115 Steady  Gabon 0.702 Increase 0.002
116 Steady  Egypt 0.700 Increase 0.004
Medium human development
117 Decrease (1)  Marshall Islands 0.698 Increase 0.002
118 Steady  Vietnam 0.693 Increase 0.003
119 Steady  Palestine 0.690 Increase 0.001
120 Steady  Iraq 0.689 Increase 0.005
121 Steady  Morocco 0.676 Increase 0.001
122 Steady  Kyrgyzstan 0.674 Increase 0.003
123 Steady  Guyana 0.670 Increase 0.002
124 Steady  El Salvador 0.667 Increase 0.002
125 Increase (1)  Tajikistan 0.656 Increase 0.005
126 Increase (2)  Cape Verde 0.651 Increase 0.004
126 Increase (1)  Guatemala 0.651 Increase 0.002
126 Decrease (1)  Nicaragua 0.651 Decrease 0.002
129 Steady  India 0.647 Increase 0.004
130 Decrease (1)  Namibia 0.645 Increase 0.002
131 Steady  East Timor 0.626 Increase 0.002
132 Increase (1)  Honduras 0.623 Increase 0.002
132 Steady  Kiribati 0.623 Steady
134 Steady  Bhutan 0.617 Increase 0.002
135 Increase (1)  Bangladesh 0.614 Increase 0.005
135 Steady  Micronesia 0.614 Increase 0.002
137 Increase (2)  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.609 Increase 0.006
138 Decrease (2)  Congo, Republic of the 0.608 Decrease 0.001
138 Increase (1)  Eswatini 0.608 Increase 0.005
140 Steady  Laos 0.604 Increase 0.002
141 Steady  Vanuatu 0.597 Increase 0.002
142 Steady  Ghana 0.596 Increase 0.005
143 Increase (1)  Zambia 0.591 Increase 0.002
144 Decrease (1)  Equatorial Guinea 0.588 Decrease 0.002
145 Increase (1)  Myanmar 0.584 Increase 0.007
146 Decrease (1)  Cambodia 0.581 Increase 0.003
147 Increase (1)  Kenya 0.579 Increase 0.005
147 Increase (1)    Nepal 0.579 Increase 0.005
149 Decrease (2)  Angola 0.574 Decrease 0.002
150 Steady  Cameroon 0.563 Increase 0.003
150 Increase (3)  Zimbabwe 0.563 Increase 0.010
152 Decrease (1)  Pakistan 0.560 Increase 0.002
153 Decrease (1)  Solomon Islands 0.557 Increase 0.002
Low human development
154 Steady  Syria 0.549 Increase 0.005
155 Steady  Papua New Guinea 0.543 Steady
156 Steady  Comoros 0.538 Decrease 0.001
157 Increase (1)  Rwanda 0.536 Increase 0.007
158 Decrease (1)  Nigeria 0.534 Increase 0.001
159 Increase (1)  Tanzania 0.528 Increase 0.004
159 Increase (1)  Uganda 0.528 Increase 0.004
161 Decrease (2)  Mauritania 0.527 Increase 0.003
162 Steady  Madagascar 0.521 Increase 0.003
163 Steady  Benin 0.520 Increase 0.005
164 Steady  Lesotho 0.518 Increase 0.004
165 Steady  Ivory Coast 0.516 Increase 0.004
166 Steady  Senegal 0.514 Increase 0.004
167 Steady  Togo 0.513 Increase 0.003
168 Steady  Sudan 0.507 Steady
169 Steady  Haiti 0.503 Increase 0.002
170 Steady  Afghanistan 0.496 Increase 0.003
171 Steady  Djibouti 0.495 Increase 0.003
172 Steady  Malawi 0.485 Increase 0.003
173 Steady  Ethiopia 0.470 Increase 0.004
174 Increase (3)  The Gambia 0.466 Increase 0.007
174 Increase (2)  Guinea 0.466 Increase 0.003
176 Decrease (3)  Liberia 0.465 Decrease 0.001
177 Decrease (2)  Yemen 0.463 Steady
178 Decrease (1)  Guinea-Bissau 0.461 Increase 0.001
179 Steady  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0.459 Increase 0.003
180 Steady  Mozambique 0.446 Increase 0.004
181 Steady  Sierra Leone 0.438 Increase 0.003
182 Increase (1)  Burkina Faso 0.434 Increase 0.005
182 Steady  Eritrea 0.434 Increase 0.003
184 Steady  Mali 0.427 Increase 0.001
185 Steady  Burundi 0.423 Increase 0.002
186 Steady  South Sudan 0.413 Decrease 0.001
187 Steady  Chad 0.401 Steady
188 Steady  Central African Republic 0.381 Increase 0.005
189 Steady  Niger 0.377 Increase 0.004

Regions and groups by HDI

Region or group 1990 data rankings​[7] 2000 data rankings​[7] 2010 data rankings​[7] 2013 data rankings​[7] 2015 data rankings​[7] 2016 data rankings​[7] 2017 data rankings​[7] 2018 data rankings​[7]
Very high human development
OECD 0.785 0.834 0.873 0.883 0.889 0.892 0.894 0.895
Very high human development 0.779 0.823 0.866 0.878 0.886 0.888 0.890 0.892
High human development
Europe and Central Asia 0.652 0.667 0.735 0.759 0.770 0.772 0.776 0.779
Latin America and the Caribbean 0.628 0.687 0.731 0.748 0.754 0.756 0.758 0.759
High human development 0.568 0.630 0.706 0.727 0.738 0.743 0.746 0.750
East Asia and the Pacific 0.519 0.597 0.697 0.714 0.727 0.733 0.737 0.741
World 0.598 0.641 0.697 0.713 0.722 0.727 0.729 0.731
Small Island Developing States 0.595 0.642 0.702 0.708 0.717 0.719 0.722 0.723
Arab states 0.556 0.613 0.676 0.688 0.695 0.699 0.701 0.703
Medium human development
Developing countries 0.516 0.571 0.642 0.663 0.674 0.680 0.683 0.686
South Asia 0.441 0.505 0.585 0.607 0.624 0.634 0.639 0.642
Medium human development 0.436 0.497 0.575 0.599 0.616 0.625 0.630 0.634
Low human development
Sub-Saharan Africa 0.402 0.423 0.498 0.521 0.532 0.535 0.539 0.541
Least developed countries 0.350 0.399 0.485 0.504 0.516 0.520 0.525 0.528
Low human development 0.352 0.386 0.473 0.490 0.499 0.501 0.505 0.507

States missing from latest report

Non-UN members (not calculated by the UNDP)

Year Country/Territory HDI Source
Publication Data
Very high human development
2019 2017  Macau 0.914 Government of Macau[8]
2019 2018  Taiwan 0.911 Government of Taiwan[9]
2018 2017  Martinique 0.863 Global Data Lab[10]
2018 2017  Guadeloupe 0.850 Global Data Lab[10]
2018 2017  Reunion 0.844 Global Data Lab[10]
High human development
2018 2017  Mayotte 0.789 Global Data Lab[10]
2015 2010  Greenland 0.839 Andersen, Torben M. Aarhus University [11]
2012 2010  New Caledonia 0.789 French Development Agency[12]
2012 2010  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0.762 French Development Agency[12]
N/A 2016  Kosovo 0.739 United Nations Development Programme[13]
2012 2010  French Polynesia 0.737 French Development Agency[12]
Low human development
2018 2017  Somalia 0.351 Global Data Lab[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Human Development Index (HDI) | Human Development Reports". hdr.undp.org. United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  2. ^ "Human Development Report 2019 – Technical notes" (PDF). hdr.undp.org. United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  3. ^ "Human Development Report 2019 Overview" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. pp. 22–25. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  4. ^ Human Development Report 2010 (PDF). New York: United Nations Development Programme. 2010. p. 87. ISBN 9780230284456. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  5. ^ a b c Human Development Report 2019 (PDF). New York: United Nations Development Programme. 2019. pp. 300–303. ISBN 978-92-1-126439-5. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Human Development Report 2019 (PDF). New York: United Nations Development Programme. 2019. p. 307. ISBN 978-92-1-126439-5. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  7. ^ "Macao in Figures, 2019". www.dsec.gov.mo. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  8. ^ "2018中華民國人類發展指數(HDI)" (Excel) (in Chinese). Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. 2018. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  10. ^ M. Andersen, Torben. "The Greenlandic Economy –Structure and Prospects" (PDF). econ.au.dk. Aarhus University. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  11. ^ a b c Sudrie, Olivier (February 2013). "Document de travail" (PDF). afd.fr (in French). French Development Agency. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  12. ^ "About Kosovo". ks.undp.org. United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 23 February 2020.

External links