List of conflicts in Egypt

Map showing the present-day location of the Egypt within North Africa and Western Asia

This is a list of conflicts in Egypt arranged chronologically from ancient to modern times. This list includes nationwide and international wars, including: wars of independence, liberation wars, colonial wars, undeclared wars, proxy wars, territorial disputes, and world wars. Also listed might be any battle that occurred within the territory of what is today known as "Egypt" but was itself only part of an operation of a campaign in a theater of a war. There may also be periods of violent civil unrest listed, such as: riots, shootouts, spree killings, massacres, terrorist attacks, and civil wars. The list might also contain episodes of: human sacrifice, mass suicide, massacres, and genocides.

Prehistoric times[edit]

Prehistoric Egypt[edit]

Ancient times[edit]

Early Dynastic Period of Egypt[edit]

Map showing Lower Egypt with historical nome divisions numbered (Lower Egypt is north of Cairo, downriver along the Nile River's drainage divide.) Memphis, the capital city of the nome Inebu-hedj in Lower Egypt is labeled here with a star. c. 3100 BCE.
Map showing Upper Egypt with historical nome divisions numbered (Upper Egypt is south of Cairo, upriver along the Nile River's drainage divide all the way up to the first cataract after Aswan.) Thebes, the capital city of the nome Waset in Upper Egypt is labeled here with a star. c. 3100 BCE.

Old Kingdom of Egypt[edit]

First Intermediate Period of Egypt[edit]

Middle Kingdom of Egypt[edit]

Second Intermediate Period of Egypt[edit]

New Kingdom of Egypt[edit]

Map of the ancient near east showing the extent of the Egyptian Empire c. 1450 BCE.

Third Intermediate Period of Egypt[edit]

Late Period of Egypt[edit]

Map based on the description by Herodotus showing the possible paths taken by the forces of: the Persian Emperor Cambyses II of the Persian Empire's army (labeled with a black line) and the Egyptian Pharaoh Amasis II of the twenty-sixth dynasty of Egypt's eunuchs (labeled with a red line), sent after the Greek Phanes of Halicarnassus (path labeled with a blue line.) The territory of the Persian Empire is in green. Memphis (labeled with a red diamond) had been captured after the Battle of Pelusium (labeled with a red star) in 525 BCE, having followed the Capture of Babylon in 539 BCE. The itinerary paths depicted are supposed and by no means certain.

Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt[edit]

Roman Province of Egypt[edit]

Animated map showing the expansion of Rome from the time it was the Roman Kingdom in 500 BCE all through its transition into the Roman Republic, then the Roman Empire, then Western Roman Empire, and finally its fall as the Eastern Roman Empire in 1461 CE.

Medieval period[edit]

Byzantine Diocese of Egypt[edit]

Sassanid Empire[edit]

Rashidun Caliphate[edit]

Map detailing both Umar's (dashed blue line) and Zubayr's (dotted blue line) routes during the Muslim conquest of Egypt (639 CE – 642 CE.) The Rashidun Caliphate in red and the Eastern Roman Empire in green.

Abbasid Caliphate[edit]

Ayyubid dynasty[edit]

Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt[edit]

Modern times[edit]

Eyalet of Egypt[edit]

Map detailing the expansion of Egypt during the Muhammad Ali dynasty from the reign of Muhammad Ali of Egypt (17 May 1805 CE – 2 March 1848 CE) up until 1914 CE.

Khedivate of Egypt[edit]

Sultanate of Egypt[edit]

Kingdom of Egypt[edit]

Republic of Egypt[edit]

United Arab Republic[edit]

Arab Republic of Egypt[edit]

  • 21–24 July 1977 Libyan-Egyptian War
  • 25 January 2011 – ongoing 2011 Egyptian Revolution and Aftermath
  • References[edit]

    1. ^ Dawn of Ancient Warfare. Ancient Military History. Retrieved December 17, 2011.
    2. ^ Kelly, Raymond (October 2005). "The evolution of lethal intergroup violence". PNAS. 102 (43): 24–29. doi:10.1073/pnas.0505955102. PMC 1266108. PMID 16129826.
    3. ^ Shaw, Ian and Nicholson, Paul. The Dictionary of Ancient Egypt. p.197 Harry N. Abrams, Inc. 1995. ISBN 0-8109-9096-2
    4. ^ W. M. Flinders Petrie: The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties 1901, Part II, London 1901, Taf. XI,1
    5. ^ Wolfgang Helck: Untersuchungen zur Thinitenzeit (Ägyptologische Abhandlungen), Vol. 45, Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1987, ISBN 3-447-02677-4
    6. ^ Guy Brunton: Qau and Badari I, with chapters by Alan Gardiner and Flinders Petrie, British School of Archaeology in Egypt 44, London 1927: Bernard Quaritch, Tafel XIX, 25
    7. ^ Peter Kaplony: „Er ist ein Liebling der Frauen“ – Ein „neuer“ König und eine neue Theorie zu den Kronprinzen sowie zu den Staatsgöttinnen (Kronengöttinnen) der 1./2. Dynastie. In: Manfred Bietak: Ägypten und Levante. Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien 2006 ISBN 978-3-7001-6668-9; page 126–127.
    8. ^ Dietrich Wildung: Die Rolle ägyptischer Könige im Bewußtsein ihrer Nachwelt. page 36–41.
    9. ^ Walter Bryan Emery: Great tombs of the First Dynasty (Excavations at Saqqara, vol. 3). Gouvernment Press, London 1958, p. 28–31.
    10. ^ Peter Kaplony: „Er ist ein Liebling der Frauen“ – Ein „neuer“ König und eine neue Theorie zu den Kronprinzen sowie zu den Staatsgöttinnen (Kronengöttinnen) der 1./2. Dynastie. In: Ägypten und Levante. vol. 13, 2006, ISSN 1015-5104, S. 107–126.
    11. ^ Stanley, Jean-Daniel; et al. (2003). "Nile flow failure at the end of the Old Kingdom, Egypt: Strontium isotopic and petrologic evidence". Geoarchaeology. 18 (3): 395–402. doi:10.1002/gea.10065.
    12. ^ a b Bourriau in The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, p.194

    See also[edit]