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The following list of cats breeds includes only domestic cat breeds and domestic × wild hybrids. The list includes established breeds recognized by various cat registries, new and experimental breeds, landraces being established as standardized breeds, distinct domestic populations not being actively developed and lapsed (extinct) breeds.
As of 2019, The International Cat Association (TICA) recognizes 71 standardized breeds, the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) recognizes 44, and Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe) recognizes 43.
Inconsistency in breed classification and naming among registries means that an individual animal may be considered different breeds by different registries (though not necessarily eligible for registry in them all, depending on its exact ancestry). For example, TICA's Himalayan is considered a colorpoint variety of the Persian by CFA, while the Javanese (or Colorpoint Longhair) is a color variation of the Balinese in TICA and CFA; both breeds are merged (along with the Colorpoint Shorthair) into a single "mega-breed", the Colourpoint, by the World Cat Federation (WCF), who have repurposed the name "Javanese" for the Oriental Longhair. Also, "Colo[u]rpoint Longhair" refers to different breeds in other registries. There are many examples of nomenclatural overlap and differences of this sort. Furthermore, many geographical and cultural names for cat breeds are fanciful selections made by Western breeders to be exotic sounding and bear no relationship to the actual origin of the breeds; the Balinese, Javanese, and Himalayan are all examples of this trend.
The domestic short-haired and domestic long-haired cat types are not breeds, but terms used (with various spellings) in the cat fancy to describe mongrel cats of a general type, by coat length, that do not belong to a particular breed. Some registries permit them to be pedigreed and they have been used as foundation stock in the establishment of some breeds. They should not be confused with standardized breeds with similar names, such as British Shorthair and Oriental Longhair.
|Breed||Country||Origin||Body Type||Coat Length||Pattern||Images|
|Aegean||Greece||Natural||Moderate||Semi-long||Bicolored or tricolored|
|American Bobtail||United States||Mutation||Moderate||Short and long||All|
|American Curl||United States||Mutation||Moderate||Short and long||All|
|American Shorthair||United States||Natural||Moderate||Short||All but colorpoint|
|American Wirehair||United States||Mutation||Moderate||Rex||All but colorpoint|
|Aphrodite Giant||Cyprus||Natural||Lean and muscular||All||All but cinammon and chocolate|
|Arabian Mau||Arabian Peninsula||Natural||Moderate and Muscular||Short||Orange|
|Asian cat||Developed in the United Kingdom (foundation stock from Asia)||Natural||Moderate||Short||Evenly solid|
|Asian Semi-longhair||United Kingdom||Crossbreed: Burmese and the domestic longhair||Cobby||Semi-long||Evenly solid|
|Australian Mist||Australia||Crossbreed: Abyssinian and Burmese||Moderate||Short||Spotted or tabby|
|Balinese||Developed in the United States (foundation stock from Thailand)||Variety of the Siamese cat||Oriental||Long||Colorpoint|
|Bambino||United States||Crossbreed: Munchkin and Sphynx||Dwarf||Hairless or downy||All|
|Bengal||Developed in the United States (foundation stock from Asia)||Hybrid: Abyssinian and Egyptian Mau × leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis)||Large||Short||Spotted, marbled, or rosetted|
|Birman||Developed in France (foundation stock from Burma)||Crossbreed: the original Birman with Siamese and Persian||Cobby||Semi-long||Colorpoint with white feet|
|Bombay||Developed in the United States (some foundation stock from Burma and Thailand)||Crossbreed: American Shorthair and Burmese||Moderate||Short||Solid black|
|British Longhair||United Kingdom||Natural||Cobby||Medium||All|
|British Shorthair||United Kingdom (England)||Natural||Cobby||Short||All|
|Burmilla||United Kingdom (England)||Crossbreed: Burmese and Chinchilla Persian||Semi-Cobby||Short/long||Solid, in Shaded Silver and Silver Tipped patterns|
|California Spangled||United States||Crossbreed: Abyssinian, American Shorthair and British Shorthair||Moderate||Short||Spotted|
|Chantilly-Tiffany||United States||Natural||Cobby||Long||Solid, ticked, spotted and blotched tabby|
|Chausie||France||Hybrid: Abyssinian× jungle cat (Felis chaus)||Moderate||Short||Ticked|
|Colourpoint Shorthair||England||Crossbreed: Abyssinian, Siamese and the domestic shorthair||Oriental||Short||Colorpoint|
|Cornish Rex||United Kingdom (England)||Mutation||Moderate||Rex||All|
|Cymric or |
|United Kingdom (Isle of Man), United States, and Canada [c]||Mutation of the original Manx||Semi-Cobby||Long||All but colorpoint|
|Cyprus||Cyprus||Natural||Lean and muscular||All||All but colorpoint and mink|
|Devon Rex||United Kingdom (England)||Mutation||Oriental||Rex||All|
|Donskoy or |
|Dragon Li or |
Chinese Li Hua
|Dwelf||Crossbreed: American Curl, Munchkin and Sphinx||Dwarf||Hairless||All|
|Egyptian Mau||Egypt||Natural||Moderate and muscular||Short||Spotted|
|European Shorthair||Continental Europe||Natural||Moderate||Short||All but chocolate, lilac, cinnamon, fawn, amber, ticked, or colorpoint|
|Exotic Shorthair||United States||Crossbreed: American Shorthair and Persian||Cobby||Short||All|
|Foldex||Canada||Crossbreed: Exotic Shorthair and Scottish Fold||Cobby||Short||All|
|Havana Brown||United Kingdom (England)||Crossbreed: Siamese and black short-haired cats, both chocolate color||Moderate, Oriental||Short||Solid brown|
|Highlander||United States||Crossbreed/hybrid: Desert Lynx and Jungle Curl||Moderate||Short/long||All|
|Himalayan or |
|United States and United Kingdom||Crossbreed: Persian and Siamese||Cobby||Long||Colorpoint|
|Japanese Bobtail||Japan[e]||Natural, mutation||Moderate||Short/long||All but colorpoint and ticked|
|Javanese or |
|Developed in the United States and Canada (foundation stock from Southeast Asia)||Crossbreed: Balinese, with some Colorpoint Shorthair, Oriental Longhair and Siamese||Oriental||Long||Colorpoint|
|Khao Manee||Thailand||Natural||Moderate||Short||Solid white|
|Korat||Thailand||Natural||Muscular, Moderate||Short||Solid blue|
|Korean Bobtail||Korea||Natural, mutation||Moderate||Short/long||Colorprint|
|Korn Ja||Thailand||Natural||Small||Short||Solid black|
|Kurilian Bobtail or |
Kuril Islands Bobtail
|Eastern Russia and Japan||Natural, mutation||Semi-cobby||Short/long||All but colorpoint|
|Lykoi||United States||Mutation||Moderate||Partly hairless||Ticked|
|Maine Coon||United States||Natural||Large||Long||All but colorpoint and ticked|
|Manx||United Kingdom (Isle of Man)||Natural, mutation||Moderate||Short/long||All but colorpoint|
|Minskin||United States||Crossbreed: Munchkin and Sphynx||Dwarf cat||Short/hairless||All|
|Napoleon||Crossbreed: Persian and Munchkin||Dwarf||Short/long||Varied|
|Nebelung||United States||Cobby||Semi-long||Solid blue|
|Norwegian Forest Cat||Norway||Natural||Cobby||Long||Traditional, sepia, or mink|
|Ocicat||United States||Crossbreed: Abyssinian, American Shorthair and Siamese||Large||Short||Spotted|
|Ojos Azules||United States||Crossbreed||Moderate||Short||All|
|Oregon Rex||United States||Mutation||Rex|
|Oriental Bicolor||Developed in the United States and United Kingdom, later in Continental Europe; foundation stock ultimately from Thailand||Variety of the Oriental Shorthair||Oriental||Short||Bicolor|
|Oriental Longhair[g] or |
British Angora (obsolete)
|Developed in the United Kingdom and United States; foundation stock ultimately from Thailand||Variety of the Oriental Shorthair||Oriental||Semi-long||All but colorpoint|
|Oriental Shorthair[g]||Developed in the United States and later the United Kingdom; foundation stock ultimately from Thailand||Crossbreed: European Shorthair and Siamese||Oriental||Short||All but colorpoint|
|Persian (modern)||Developed in the United States and Europe (foundation stock from Greater Iran)||Mutation, from the traditional Persian||Cobby||Long||All|
|Persian (traditional)||Greater Iran||Natural, but some crossing with Turkish Angora||Cobby||Long||All|
|Peterbald||Russia||Crossbreed: Donskoy, Oriental Shorthair and Siamese. Before, it was between the Balinese and Javanese||Oriental||Hairless/flocked, velour, brush, or straight coat||All|
|Pixie-bob||United States||Mutation (falsely claimed to be a bobcat hybrid early on)||Medium||Short||Spotted|
|Ragamuffin, or |
|United States||Crossbreed: Ragdoll with limited out-crossing to Himalayan, Persian, other long-haired cats||Cobby||Long||All|
|Ragdoll||United States||Behavioural Mutation in a crossbreed, presumed Persian or Turkish Angora and Birman or Burmese||Cobby||Long||Colorpoint, mitted, or bicolor|
|Russian Blue||Russia||Natural||Moderate, Oriental||Short||Solid blue|
|Russian White, Black, and Tabby||Developed in Australia (foundation stock from Russia)||Crossbreeds: Russian Blue and short-haired cats, from Siberia, Russia||Moderate||Short||Solid white, solid black and tabby|
|Sam sawet||Thailand||Variety of the Thai cat||Moderate||Short||Solid|
|Savannah||United States||Hybrid: Domestic cat × serval (Leptailurus serval)||Large||Short||Spotted|
|Scottish Fold||United Kingdom (Scotland)||Mutation of the bones and cartilage||Cobby||Short/long||All|
|Selkirk Rex||United States||Mutation, crossbreed: American Shorthair, Persian, Himalayan, Exotic Shorthair and British Shorthair||Moderate||Rex (Short/long)||All|
|Serengeti||United States||Crossbreed: Bengal and Oriental Shorthair||Oriental||Short||Spotted|
|Siamese (modern) ||Developed in the United States and Europe (foundation stock from Thailand)||Mutation of the Thai cat||Oriental||Short||Colorpoint|
|Siberian or |
Siberian Forest Cat;
Neva Masquerade (colorpoint variety)
|Singapura||Developed in the United States (foundation stock from Singapore Island||Crossbreed: Burmese and Abyssinian, and a variety of the Australian Mist||Small||Short||Ticked|
|Snowshoe||United States||Crossbreed: American Shorthair and Siamese||Moderate||Short||Colorpoint with white feet|
|Somali||United States, Canada||Mutation||Cobby||Long||Ticked|
|Thai or |
Traditional, Classic, or Old-style Siamese;
|Thai Lilac||Thailand||Variety of the Korat||Moderate and muscular||Short||Solid lilac|
|Tonkinese||Canada, United States||Crossbreed: Burmese and Siamese||Oriental, Moderate||Short||Colorpoint, mink, or solid|
|Toyger||United States||Crossbreed/hybrid: Bengal and the Domestic Shorthair||Moderate||Short||Striped|
|Turkish Angora||Turkey||Natural||Semi-Cobby||Semi-long||All but colorpoint|
|Turkish Van||Developed in the United Kingdom (foundation stock from Turkey)||Natural||Semi-Cobby||Semi-long||Van pattern|
|Ukrainian Levkoy||Ukraine||Crossbred: Donskoy and Scottish Fold||Moderate||Hairless||Grey|
|Wila Krungthep||Thailand||Mutation||Oriental||Short||Solid brown|
|York Chocolate||United States (New York)||Natural||Semi-Cobby||Long||Solid brown|
- Felidae – the entire cat family
- Felinae – the subfamily of all smaller cat species
- Lists of domestic animal breeds
- Wildcat – the ancestor of the domestic cat
Notes and references
- It is possible that the Abyssinian originated in Ethiopa, formerly known as Abyssinia but there is no record of agouti cats in Ethiopa. It is likely that they originated from somewhere in Asia but there is not solid record.
- The Cymric is often classed as a long-haired variety of the Manx rather than a separate breed, e.g., as the "Semi-longhair Manx Variant" in the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF)
- There may be some dispute to the exact origins of the Cymric breed. The specific dominant autosomal gene (M) that causes the manx tail of the Cymric was found in the cats living on the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea. However the breed itself was developed by a Canadian breeder named Blair Wright and an American breeder named Leslie Falteisek in the 1960s from the Isle of Man population.
- Some registries, such as the CFA and the TICA, may classify the Himalayan as a colorpoint variety of the Persian. Others may make it a long-haired subbreed of the Siamese. The WCF has combined the Himalayan, the Colourpoint Shorthair and the Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair into a single breed, the Colorpoint
- Due to artefacts and prints dating from as early as the 11th century found in many eastern countries, there is some likelihood these cats may have originated in China, then Japan. However, the first known importation of Japanese Bobtails was from Japan in the 1960s.
- "Colorpoint Longhair" has multiple meanings and "Javanese" has been used for at least one other breed; the WCF uses the "Javanese" name for the Oriental Longhair (not colorpointed). The WCF has also merged the colorpointed Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair, the Himalayan and the Colourpoint Shorthair of other registries into a single breed, the Colourpoint. In the CFA, the TICA and some other registries, the Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair has merged back into the Balinese as a division
- In some registries, including the CFA, the Oriental Shorthair and Oriental Longhair are a single breed, the Oriental, with two divisions
- Thai is a recently established new name for the original, rounder-faced, thicker-bodied Siamese
- The International Cat Association - TICA Breed Standards
- Cat Fanciers' Association - CFA Breed Standards
- Fédération InternationFéline - FIFe Breed Standards
- Somerville, Louisa (2007). The Ultimate Guide to Cat Breeds. Edison, New Jersey: Chartwell Books. p. 44. ISBN 9780785822646.
There is a lot of confusion surrounding the use of this name in the cat world, although it is always used to describe cats of distinctly Oriental type. It has been adopted simply because of the tradition which has grown up for using the names of countries and islands from south-eastern Asian for other Oriental breeds, such as the Siamese and Balinese.
- "The Royal Canin Cat Encyclopedia", Aniwa Publishing: Paris, 2005.
- "The Foldex". showcatsonline.com. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- "All Cat Breeds List". www.catbreedslist.com.
- Sarah Hartwell. "Cat Breeds, Types, Variants and Hybrids". messybeast.com.
- Sarah Hartwell. "The Validity of 'Breeds'". messybeast.com.
- Jos Jakes. "The Popular Cat Breeds". thecatsite.net.
- Pet Med. "The Popular Cat Breeds". petmd.com.
- Pet Finder. "The Popular Cat Breeds". petfinder.com.
- My cat Guide. "Guide to cat Breeds". Mycatguide.com.
- Pets or Animals. 10 Smartest Cat Breeds In The World. petsoranimals.com